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Supernova Explosions Release Building Blocks Of Planet Formation
2014-07-10 10:13:49

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The formation of planets of stars is still somewhat of a mystery to astronomers. While much progress has been made, particularly in the last few decades, there are still unanswered questions as to how the planetary building blocks form. But now, new research may be closing that knowledge gap. Early in the life of the Universe, the cosmos was dominated by the basic elements of hydrogen and helium, with only trace amounts of...

2014-07-09 20:22:07

New Mobile App Links Members and Guests to Hotel Restaurants NEWPORT BEACH, Calif., July 9, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Hospitality Marketing Concepts (HMC), the world's leading provider of outsourced CRM-driven database management and loyalty marketing programs for premium hotel organizations, announced the rollout of Table Concierge, a multi-channel mobile app and website restaurant booking platform. Table Concierge provides a streamlined way to find and book reservations at HMC partners'...

intergalactic hydrogen
2014-07-09 04:31:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The amount of light originating from known populations of galaxies and quasars is far less than the amount required to explain the amount of hydrogen that helps bridge empty spaces between galaxies, according to research appearing in a recent edition of The Astrophysical Journal Letters. In fact, as lead author Juna Kollmeier of the Carnegie Institution for Science and her colleagues explained in a statement Tuesday, the...

milky way simulation
2014-07-07 07:13:31

Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) Astronomers investigating behavior of the universe shortly after the Big Bang have made a surprising discovery: the properties of the early universe are determined by the smallest galaxies. The team report their findings in a paper published today in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Shortly after the Big Bang, the universe was ionized: ordinary matter consisted of hydrogen with its positively charged protons stripped of...

Using A Stellar Ultrasound To Determine Ages Of Young Stars
2014-07-04 11:40:33

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Before they become full-fledged stars, young embryonic stars are essentially contracting molecular clouds of gas and dust particles. The age of these ‘baby stars’ is difficult to gauge, but a newly published study in the journal Science has revealed scientists used a technique similar to ultrasound technology to determine the age of these young stars. "Think of it as ultrasound of stellar embryos," explained study author Jaymie...

Early Sun's Violent Beginnings May Have Unlocked The Mystery Of Milky Way Meteorites
2014-07-01 14:36:46

Gerard LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Observations of a Sun-like star through the Herschel Space Observatory may have unlocked the mystery of meteorites in our own galaxy, according to European Space Agency (ESA) astronomers. Astronomers are studying young stars in faraway areas of the galaxy, discovering they have a violent beginning, much as our own sun did 4.5 billion years ago. Herschel is surveying the chemical composition of stars being born and a team of...

New Evidence Explains How The 'Pillars Of Creation' Came Into Being
2014-06-27 06:48:02

Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online [ Watch the Video: How The ‘Pillars of Creation’ Were Created ] The 'Pillars of Creation' is one of the most famous images observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. It shows cooler interstellar gases being eroded by intense radiation and wind from nearby massive stars. The image was photographed in 1995. Scott Balfour, an astronomer from Cardiff University produced a similar simulation and suggests that the stars that make the...

Astronomers Use AKARI Orbiting Observatory To Map Space’s Icy Wastes
2014-06-26 03:40:16

Royal Astronomical Society Using the AKARI orbiting observatory, astronomers from the Open University have made the first large-scale maps of icy material where stars are forming. In a challenge to conventional ideas about the formation of water in space, they find ice in regions with little dust or gas. Dr Helen Fraser, who led the new work, presented the results in her talk at the National Astronomy Meeting in Portsmouth this week. Launched by the Japanese space agency JAXA in 2006,...

Dark Energy Survey Discovers Exotic Supernova
2014-06-26 03:28:35

Royal Astronomical Society The first images taken by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) after the survey began in August 2013 have revealed a rare, ‘superluminous’ supernova that erupted in a galaxy 7.8 billion light years away. The stellar explosion, called DES13S2cmm, easily outshines most galaxies in the Universe and could still be seen in the data six months later, at the end of the first of what will be five years of observing by DES. The event was discovered by Andreas Papadopoulos, a...

Astronomers May Have Found Coldest, Faintest White Dwarf Ever
2014-06-23 14:57:23

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using data from three different telescopes, a large international team of astronomers has identified what could be the coldest, faintest while dwarf ever, according to a new report in the Astrophysical Journal. The report said the temperature of the stellar vestige is so low, the carbon it contains has probably undergone crystallization, a process that results in the formation of a diamond here on Earth. “It’s a really...


Latest Star Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

7_9d2e259c13e5a649c6295922288878812
2004-10-19 04:45:43

UV Astronomy -- UV astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics which deals with objects visible in ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation ranges approximatively from 10nm (extreme UV) to 380nm (near UV). Ultraviolet line spectrum measurements are used to discern the chemical composition, densities, and temperatures of interstellar medium, and the temperature and composition of hot young stars. UV observations can also provide essential information about the evolution of...

7_4b235c0bfbfc8504a41844f9c48ad8962
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

6_1446abbc556d86191d7944d6c5cf68052
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

6_f1577ee462b741c03ef6a7d23d2cd6905
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Variable Star -- Most stars are of nearly constant luminosity. Our own Sun is a good example which goes through practically no measurable variation in brightness. There are, however, stars which do vary in brightness, called variable stars. They fall into two main groups: Intrinsic variables These are stars which have intrinsic variations in brightness, that is the star itself gets brighter and dimmer. There are many types of intrinsic variables, the main types being: -- Mira...

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Word of the Day
tessitura
  • The prevailing range of a vocal or instrumental part, within which most of the tones lie.
This word is Italian in origin and comes from the Latin 'textura,' web, structure.