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Last updated on April 23, 2014 at 11:40 EDT

Latest Star Stories

Bipolar Jets Of Gas, Dust Created By Small Planetary Nebulae
2014-02-13 08:01:47

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Large stars can end their lives as violently cataclysmic supernovae. Small stars, in contrast, end up as planetary nebulae—colorful, glowing clouds of dust and gas. These nebulae were once thought to be mostly spherical. In the last few decades, however, they have been observed to often emit powerful, bipolar jets of gas and dust. Scientists are unsure how spherical stars evolve to produce highly aspherical planetary nebulae, however....

SkyMapper research team
2014-02-10 08:13:02

Australian National University A team led by astronomers at The Australian National University has discovered the oldest known star in the Universe, which formed shortly after the Big Bang 13.7 billion years ago. The discovery has allowed astronomers for the first time to study the chemistry of the first stars, giving scientists a clearer idea of what the Universe was like in its infancy. "This is the first time that we've been able to unambiguously say that we've found the chemical...

2014-02-10 04:20:11

SINGAPORE, February 10, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) in Singapore inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with leading aerospace company Airbus at the 3rd Aerospace Technology Leadership Forum today. The MoU signed between Airbus and A*STAR will facilitate collaboration in areas of mutual interest, including data analytics. A*STAR's extensive capabilities in data analytics solutions can be used for a wide array of...

ESA's Gaia Mission Is Beginning To See Things More Clearly
2014-02-06 13:37:15

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The European Space Agency’s (ESA) billion-star surveyor mission is slowly beginning to see more clearly. ESA’s Gaia launched on December 19, 2013, and since then it has been preparing for its mission to gather loads of data on stars that surround us. Gaia took a test image of a dense cluster of stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud as part of a “fine tuning” test to get the spacecraft into focus. The new image is allowing ESA...

Radio Telescope Arrays Can Be Used To Locate Cosmic Heating From The Earliest Black Holes
2014-02-06 05:05:02

[ Watch the Video: Black Holes Heated Gas Later Than Believed ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In what is being described as a landmark discovery about the origins of the universe, Tel Aviv University researchers report in the journal Nature that black holes, formed from the first-ever stars, heated the gas throughout space much later than previously believed. In addition, study authors Professor Rennan Barkana of TAU's School of Physics and Astronomy, Dr....

2014-01-30 20:20:09

OAKLAND, Calif., Jan. 30, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Chabot Astronomers are tracking the latest supernova about 12 million light years away. Identified as "2014J," a Type 1A supernova, the phenomenon is occurring in Messier-82 (M82), also known as the Cigar Galaxy. Supernovae occur when a star explodes emitting a massive amount of energy in a short span of time; the star literally collapses under its own gravity. 2014J actually exploded about 12 million...

Massive Star Formation Mystery Solved
2014-01-28 04:04:20

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Enormous young stars, which have over 10 times the mass of the Sun, shine brilliantly in ultraviolet wavelengths, energizing the gas around them, and it has long been a mystery why this superheated gas doesn't explode outwards. According to a new study in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, a group of scientists using the Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), a radio observatory in New Mexico, has validated theories that say as the gas cloud...

supernova
2014-01-26 05:13:55

[ Watch the Video: What Interstellar Blast Is Lighting Up The Sky? ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Several NASA spacecraft and Earth-based observatories, including the Hubble Space Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory, are studying an incredibly close supernova that took place on January 21, officials from the US space agency announced on Friday. The stellar explosion, which has been designated SN 2014J, lies approximately 12 million light-years away...

ultramassive black hole
2014-01-24 04:20:25

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and a host of other telescopes, astronomers have managed to locate one of the most powerful black holes ever discovered – a gravity-intense region of space that is located nearly four billion light years from Earth and has prevented trillions of stars from forming. This black hole, which is located in a galaxy cluster known as RX J1532.9+3021 (or RX J1532 for short), has created gigantic...

2014-01-23 08:26:32

New Rating Marks The First Four Star For Hotel Derek In 10-year History HOUSTON, Jan. 23, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The Texas-chic styling and bold look at Hotel Derek, by Destination Hotels & Resorts, has more than just hotel guests seeing the space in a new light. Forbes Travel Guide released its list of 2014 Star Rated Hotels, Restaurants and Spas, an industry standard rating system. Hotel Derek received a Four Star rating, a first-ever for the Galleria-area's signature boutique...


Latest Star Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

7_9d2e259c13e5a649c6295922288878812
2004-10-19 04:45:43

UV Astronomy -- UV astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics which deals with objects visible in ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation ranges approximatively from 10nm (extreme UV) to 380nm (near UV). Ultraviolet line spectrum measurements are used to discern the chemical composition, densities, and temperatures of interstellar medium, and the temperature and composition of hot young stars. UV observations can also provide essential information about the evolution of...

7_4b235c0bfbfc8504a41844f9c48ad8962
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

6_1446abbc556d86191d7944d6c5cf68052
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

6_f1577ee462b741c03ef6a7d23d2cd6905
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Variable Star -- Most stars are of nearly constant luminosity. Our own Sun is a good example which goes through practically no measurable variation in brightness. There are, however, stars which do vary in brightness, called variable stars. They fall into two main groups: Intrinsic variables These are stars which have intrinsic variations in brightness, that is the star itself gets brighter and dimmer. There are many types of intrinsic variables, the main types being: -- Mira...

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