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Pulsating X-rays Allow XMM-Newton To Reveal A Mysterious Star
2014-06-04 03:32:58

ESA XMM-Newton has revealed a unique star. It is a celestial chimera with the body of a normal massive star yet the magnetic field of a dead, stellar dwarf. This makes it a singular object among the billions of known stars. The race is now on to understand why it behaves in this way because the work hints at an unanticipated link between the deep interior of a star and the surrounding atmosphere. The star is known only by its catalogue designation, Xi1 Canis Majoris. It lies some...

Cosmic Clumps Cast Darkest Shadows Ever Recorded
2014-05-22 03:51:02

Whitney Clavin, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Astronomers have found cosmic clumps so dark, dense and dusty that they throw the deepest shadows ever recorded. Infrared observations from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope of these blackest-of-black regions paradoxically light the way to understanding how the brightest stars form. The clumps represent the darkest portions of a huge, cosmic cloud of gas and dust located about 16,000 light-years away. A new study takes advantage of the...

Complex Outflow Structure Revealed In The Binary UY Aurigae
2014-05-21 03:43:00

National Astronomical Observatory of Japan An international team of astronomers, led by Dr. Tae-Soo Pyo (Subaru Telescope, NAOJ), has revealed a complicated outflow structure in the binary UY Aur (Aurigae). The team observed the binary using the Gemini North"s NIFS (Near-Infrared Integral Field Spectrometer) with the Altair adaptive optics system. The team found that the primary star has a wide, open outflow, while the secondary star has a well-collimated jet. Because many stars form...

solar system formation
2014-05-21 04:49:15

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online How do solar systems form? Specifically, why do some systems form smaller rocky worlds, while others are dominated by gas giants? A recent study led by Trey Mack, a graduate student in astronomy at Vanderbilt University, may have found the answer. Stars are dominated by hydrogen and helium, possessing only trace amounts of other elements – what astronomers generically call “metals”. Mack proposed looking at ratios of...

New Insight Into Formation Of Star Clusters Provided By NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory
2014-05-16 03:44:41

[ Watch The Video: A Tour Of The Flame Nebula ] Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Stars are often born in clusters, in giant clouds of gas and dust. Astronomers have studied two star clusters using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and infrared telescopes and the results show that the simplest ideas for the birth of these clusters cannot work. This composite image shows one of the clusters, NGC 2024, which is found in the center of the so-called Flame Nebula about 1,400...

earth rotation ask a scientist
2014-05-12 13:43:55

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online This article is the latest installment in a new series where redOrbit's in-house experts will answer questions submitted by you, the reader. Got a science or space question that's stumping you? Each week we'll select a handful of the wiliest questions you can whip up to tease the brains of our resident gurus (we like call them ‘geeks’). Question: “Why does earth rotate? And if it is for conserving angular momentum,...

solar beauty nasa sdo
2014-05-11 05:29:46

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A team of astronomers have identified what is believed to be the sibling of our sun – a star thought to have been born from the same cloud of gas as the one that provides our solar system with light and warmth. According to Deborah Netburn of the Los Angeles Times, the sun’s so-called long-lost brother is slightly bigger and has a somewhat hotter surface temperature than the star around which the Earth orbits. However, an...

A Stellar Explosion On The Outer Reaches Of The Universe Provides Clues About The Formation Of Black Holes
2014-05-08 03:10:01

University of the Basque Country A partnership of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country, Ikerbasque and the CSIC-Spanish National Research Council is participating in the detecting, for the first time, of circular light coming from a recently created black hole On 24 October 2012 observatories across the world were alerted about a huge stellar explosion, the GRB121024A, which had been located just hours before in the Eridanus constellation by NASA's Swift satellite. However, only...

Star Cluster Study Inspires New Ideas On How Sun-Like Stars Form
2014-05-08 10:15:43

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The prevailing theory on star cluster formation states that gravity causes a giant cloud of gas and dust to condense to concentrations that trigger the ignition of stars at the center of the cloud. However, according to a new study based on data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and infrared telescopes, some of the oldest stars in known clusters sit on the exterior of their groups. The study researchers focused on two clusters...

hypervelocity star
2014-05-08 04:44:08

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most stars move around the galaxy in well-defined orbits, pulled under the influence of the Milky Way’s gravity. It is the predictable motion of the stars around the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole core that gives the galaxy its spiral structure. There are, of course, deviations from the norm, but on average the stars move at a leisurely pace of roughly 500,000 miles per hour. But this is not always the case. In...


Latest Star Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

7_9d2e259c13e5a649c6295922288878812
2004-10-19 04:45:43

UV Astronomy -- UV astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics which deals with objects visible in ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation ranges approximatively from 10nm (extreme UV) to 380nm (near UV). Ultraviolet line spectrum measurements are used to discern the chemical composition, densities, and temperatures of interstellar medium, and the temperature and composition of hot young stars. UV observations can also provide essential information about the evolution of...

7_4b235c0bfbfc8504a41844f9c48ad8962
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

6_1446abbc556d86191d7944d6c5cf68052
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

6_f1577ee462b741c03ef6a7d23d2cd6905
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Variable Star -- Most stars are of nearly constant luminosity. Our own Sun is a good example which goes through practically no measurable variation in brightness. There are, however, stars which do vary in brightness, called variable stars. They fall into two main groups: Intrinsic variables These are stars which have intrinsic variations in brightness, that is the star itself gets brighter and dimmer. There are many types of intrinsic variables, the main types being: -- Mira...

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Word of the Day
pungle
  • To take pains; labor assiduously with little progress.
This word comes from the Spanish 'pongale,' put it.
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