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Latest State of matter Stories

Consider The ‘Anticrystal’
2014-07-08 03:20:56

University of Pennsylvania For the last century, the concept of crystals has been a mainstay of solid-state physics. Crystals are paragons of order; crystalline materials are defined by the repeating patterns their constituent atoms and molecules make. Now physicists at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Chicago have evidence that a new concept should undergird our understanding of most materials: the anticrystal, a theoretical solid that is completely disordered....

New State of Matter Predicted By MIPT-based Researcher
2014-06-18 03:34:00

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology A researcher with the Department of Electrodynamics of Complex Systems and Nanophotonics, Alexander Rozhkov, has presented theoretical calculations which indicate the possible existence of fermionic matter in a previously unknown state – in the form ofaone-dimensional liquid, which cannot be described within the framework of existing models. Details are contained in Rozhkov’s article in the journal Physical Review Letters, and are also...

2014-05-08 09:33:20

"What a curious feeling," says Alice in Lewis Carroll's tale, as she shrinks to a fraction of her size, and everything around her suddenly looks totally unfamiliar. Scientists too have to get used to these curious feelings when they examine matter on tiny scales and at low temperatures: all the behavior we are used to seeing around us is turned on its head. In research published today in the journal Nature Communications, UCL scientists have made a startling discovery about a familiar...

2014-04-25 09:00:26

Explaining the mysterious dynamics of glassy materials Colorful church windows, beads on a necklace and many of our favorite plastics share something in common -- they all belong to a state of matter known as glasses. School children learn the difference between liquids and gases, but centuries of scholarship have failed to produce consensus about how to categorize glass. Now, combining theory and numerical simulations, researchers have resolved an enduring question in the theory of...

Cold Atom Lab
2014-02-01 05:43:32

[ Watch the Video: Getting Cold In Space ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The coldest spot in the universe will soon be aboard the International Space Station (ISS), as NASA researchers are developing a new device that will allow them to study matter at temperatures nearing absolute zero, the US space agency has announced. At absolute zero, all of the thermal activity of atoms theoretically halts and the ordinary concepts pertaining to the states of matter...

Dusty Plasmas Illuminated By Space Station For A Wide Range Of Research
2013-07-11 11:57:27

NASA One of the most frequently-used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments. The Plasma Kristall Experiment (PK-3 Plus) lab, a Russian-German cooperation in operation since January 2006, has provided new insight into an unusual type of matter called plasma crystals. Though the experiment runs came to a close on June 14, the research continues to open an exciting world of potential technological spin-offs in medicine,...

Measuring Magnetic Fingerprints Of Superfluid Helium-3
2013-05-22 13:47:30

Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt Superconducting sensors of PTB allow highly sensitive measurements of the nuclear magnetic resonance of thin helium-3 layers With their SQUIDs, low-temperature specialists of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) have made it possible for the magnetic moments of atoms of the rare isotope 3He (helium-3) to be measured with extreme sensitivity. With the aid of these sensors, highly sensitive nuclear resonance spectrometers were developed...

Researchers Find Earth Center Is 1800 Degrees Hotter Than Thought
2013-04-26 09:04:03

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The temperature near the Earth's core is approximately 10,800 degrees Fahrenheit [1] a team of scientists has determined. This is 1,800 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment conducted 20 years prior. The new measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference between the solid core and the mantle above must be at least 1,500 degrees F to explain why the Earth has a magnetic field. The team was even able to...

Quantum-Memory In Atoms
2013-02-28 14:32:19

Vienna University of Technology Order tends towards disorder. This is also true for quantum states. Measurements at the Vienna University of Technology show that in quantum mechanics this transition can be quite different from what we experience in our daily lives. Ice cubes in a cocktail glass melt until an equilibrium state is reached in which the ice cubes are gone. After that, the geometric shape of the ice cubes is completely lost. The liquid does not contain any memory of their...


Word of the Day
holluschickie
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'
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