Last updated on April 21, 2014 at 1:20 EDT

Latest Stellar astronomy Stories

Hardy Star Survives Supernova Blast
2014-03-21 05:24:03

[ Watch the Video: What Is A Supernova? ] NASA When a massive star runs out of fuel, it collapses and explodes as a supernova. Although these explosions are extremely powerful, it is possible for a companion star to endure the blast. A team of astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes has found evidence for one of these survivors. This hardy star is in a stellar explosion’s debris field − also called its supernova remnant − located in an HII...

Snake Nebula
2014-02-26 12:49:25

[ Watch the Video: Birth Of A Star A Family Affair ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Smithsonian's Submillimeter Array (SMA) telescope have imaged the most detailed look yet of stellar nurseries within the Snake nebula. The Snake nebula is about 11,700 light-years away from Earth towards the direction of the constellation Ophiuchus. The astronomers chose this nebula because it shows the potential to form many massive stars. "To learn how...

Giant Gas Cloud Spotted By Telescope On Antarctica's Ridge A
2014-02-21 08:19:35

Deborah Smith, University of New South Wales Using a telescope installed at the driest place on earth - Ridge A in Antarctica – a UNSW-led team of researchers has identified a giant gas cloud which appears to be in an early stage of formation. Giant clouds of molecular gas – the most massive objects in our galaxy – are the birthplaces of stars. "This newly discovered gas cloud is shaped like a very long filament, about 200 light years in extent and ten light years across, with...

Large Magellanic Cloud Completes One Rotation Every 250M Years
2014-02-18 13:13:39

[ Watch the Video: Large Magellanic Cloud Rotation Cycle ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope found that the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) completes a rotation every 250 million years. The team used Hubble to measure the average motion of hundreds of individual stars in the nearby galaxy, which is located about 170,000 light-years from Earth. "Studying this nearby galaxy by tracking the stars' movements gives us a...

Bipolar Jets Of Gas, Dust Created By Small Planetary Nebulae
2014-02-13 08:01:47

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Large stars can end their lives as violently cataclysmic supernovae. Small stars, in contrast, end up as planetary nebulae—colorful, glowing clouds of dust and gas. These nebulae were once thought to be mostly spherical. In the last few decades, however, they have been observed to often emit powerful, bipolar jets of gas and dust. Scientists are unsure how spherical stars evolve to produce highly aspherical planetary nebulae, however....

Using Simulations To Chart The Forces Of The Early Universe
2014-02-06 10:13:28

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most scientific calculations need a reference point to be completed, but what if the calculations are for the beginning of the Universe – where points of reference are somewhat ephemeral? In a new study, published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, researchers from The University of Texas at Austin tried to do just that – conduct numerical simulations aimed at charting the forces of the Universe in its first...

Massive Star Formation Mystery Solved
2014-01-28 04:04:20

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Enormous young stars, which have over 10 times the mass of the Sun, shine brilliantly in ultraviolet wavelengths, energizing the gas around them, and it has long been a mystery why this superheated gas doesn't explode outwards. According to a new study in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, a group of scientists using the Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), a radio observatory in New Mexico, has validated theories that say as the gas cloud...

ESA Confirms Inside Out Model Milky Way
2014-01-20 11:40:56

[ Watch the Video: Inside-out Formation Of The Milky Way ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Gaia-ESO project has confirmed previous theories on the inside-out development of the Milky Way, with the inner regions of the galaxy’s disc being the first to form. According to their report in the astronomical database Astro-ph, the study researchers reached their conclusions using observations taken with the 8-meter...

Hypervelocity Stars Escape Galaxy
2014-01-10 08:44:12

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A surprising new class of hypervelocity stars has been discovered by an international team of astronomers. These solitary stars are moving fast enough to escape the gravitational grasp of the Milky Way galaxy, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society. The findings were also published in the Astrophysical Journal. "These new hypervelocity stars are very different from the ones that...

NASA's Hubble Telescope Looks Deep Inside The Tarantula Nebula
2014-01-10 09:14:19

[ Watch the Video: Hubble Images Tarantula Nebula In New Detail ] Gerard LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Hubble Tarantula Treasury Program from NASA has revealed some fascinating new images deep inside the Tarantula Nebula, also known as 30 Daradus. This nebula is positioned inside the Large Magellanic Cloud 170,000 light-years away and contains some 800,000 stars and protostars. Upon completion of the program, a huge catalog of stellar properties will be...

Latest Stellar astronomy Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Designation -- The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is the internationally recognised authority for assigning designations to stars (and other celestial bodies). Many of the star names in use today were inherited from the time before the IAU existed. Other names, mainly for variable stars (including novae and supernovae), are being added all the time. Most stars, however, have no name and are referred to, if at all, by means of catalogue numbers. This article briefly...

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