Latest Stellar astronomy Stories

Smith Cloud Survives Galactic Collision Thanks To Full Dark-matter Facket
2014-05-23 03:44:33

National Radio Astronomy Observatory Like a bullet wrapped in a full metal jacket, a high-velocity hydrogen cloud hurtling toward the Milky Way appears to be encased in a shell of dark matter, according to a new analysis of data from the National Science Foundation's Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT). Astronomers believe that without this protective shell, the high-velocity cloud (HVC) known as the Smith Cloud would have disintegrated long ago when it first collided with the disk...

Cosmic Clumps Cast Darkest Shadows Ever Recorded
2014-05-22 03:51:02

Whitney Clavin, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Astronomers have found cosmic clumps so dark, dense and dusty that they throw the deepest shadows ever recorded. Infrared observations from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope of these blackest-of-black regions paradoxically light the way to understanding how the brightest stars form. The clumps represent the darkest portions of a huge, cosmic cloud of gas and dust located about 16,000 light-years away. A new study takes advantage of the...

Complex Outflow Structure Revealed In The Binary UY Aurigae
2014-05-21 03:43:00

National Astronomical Observatory of Japan An international team of astronomers, led by Dr. Tae-Soo Pyo (Subaru Telescope, NAOJ), has revealed a complicated outflow structure in the binary UY Aur (Aurigae). The team observed the binary using the Gemini North"s NIFS (Near-Infrared Integral Field Spectrometer) with the Altair adaptive optics system. The team found that the primary star has a wide, open outflow, while the secondary star has a well-collimated jet. Because many stars form...

New Insight Into Formation Of Star Clusters Provided By NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory
2014-05-16 03:44:41

[ Watch The Video: A Tour Of The Flame Nebula ] Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Stars are often born in clusters, in giant clouds of gas and dust. Astronomers have studied two star clusters using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and infrared telescopes and the results show that the simplest ideas for the birth of these clusters cannot work. This composite image shows one of the clusters, NGC 2024, which is found in the center of the so-called Flame Nebula about 1,400...

solar beauty nasa sdo
2014-05-11 05:29:46

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A team of astronomers have identified what is believed to be the sibling of our sun – a star thought to have been born from the same cloud of gas as the one that provides our solar system with light and warmth. According to Deborah Netburn of the Los Angeles Times, the sun’s so-called long-lost brother is slightly bigger and has a somewhat hotter surface temperature than the star around which the Earth orbits. However, an...

A Stellar Explosion On The Outer Reaches Of The Universe Provides Clues About The Formation Of Black Holes
2014-05-08 03:10:01

University of the Basque Country A partnership of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country, Ikerbasque and the CSIC-Spanish National Research Council is participating in the detecting, for the first time, of circular light coming from a recently created black hole On 24 October 2012 observatories across the world were alerted about a huge stellar explosion, the GRB121024A, which had been located just hours before in the Eridanus constellation by NASA's Swift satellite. However, only...

Star Cluster Study Inspires New Ideas On How Sun-Like Stars Form
2014-05-08 10:15:43

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The prevailing theory on star cluster formation states that gravity causes a giant cloud of gas and dust to condense to concentrations that trigger the ignition of stars at the center of the cloud. However, according to a new study based on data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and infrared telescopes, some of the oldest stars in known clusters sit on the exterior of their groups. The study researchers focused on two clusters...

2014-05-07 12:21:42

WASHINGTON, May 7, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Using data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and infrared telescopes, astronomers have made an important advance in the understanding of how clusters of stars come into being. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO The data show early notions of how star clusters are formed cannot be correct. The simplest idea is stars form into clusters when a giant cloud of gas and dust condenses. The center of the cloud pulls...

Magellan Telescopes at Las Campanas Observatory
2014-05-02 04:46:11

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the normal course of evolution, galaxies initially formed stars as clouds of hydrogen and helium collapsed. Eventually the density and temperature of the cores would ignite nuclear fusion, allowing them to shine during what we call the main sequence phase of their lives. Eventually, stars will fuse heavier and heavier elements, with stars like our sun eventually culminating as balls of carbon and oxygen – in varying...

Hardy Star Survives Supernova Blast
2014-03-21 05:24:03

[ Watch the Video: What Is A Supernova? ] NASA When a massive star runs out of fuel, it collapses and explodes as a supernova. Although these explosions are extremely powerful, it is possible for a companion star to endure the blast. A team of astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes has found evidence for one of these survivors. This hardy star is in a stellar explosion’s debris field − also called its supernova remnant − located in an HII...

Latest Stellar astronomy Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Designation -- The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is the internationally recognised authority for assigning designations to stars (and other celestial bodies). Many of the star names in use today were inherited from the time before the IAU existed. Other names, mainly for variable stars (including novae and supernovae), are being added all the time. Most stars, however, have no name and are referred to, if at all, by means of catalogue numbers. This article briefly...

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