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Latest Stellar astronomy Stories

Massive Star Formation Mystery Solved
2014-01-28 04:04:20

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Enormous young stars, which have over 10 times the mass of the Sun, shine brilliantly in ultraviolet wavelengths, energizing the gas around them, and it has long been a mystery why this superheated gas doesn't explode outwards. According to a new study in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, a group of scientists using the Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), a radio observatory in New Mexico, has validated theories that say as the gas cloud...

ESA Confirms Inside Out Model Milky Way
2014-01-20 11:40:56

[ Watch the Video: Inside-out Formation Of The Milky Way ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Gaia-ESO project has confirmed previous theories on the inside-out development of the Milky Way, with the inner regions of the galaxy’s disc being the first to form. According to their report in the astronomical database Astro-ph, the study researchers reached their conclusions using observations taken with the 8-meter...

Hypervelocity Stars Escape Galaxy
2014-01-10 08:44:12

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A surprising new class of hypervelocity stars has been discovered by an international team of astronomers. These solitary stars are moving fast enough to escape the gravitational grasp of the Milky Way galaxy, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society. The findings were also published in the Astrophysical Journal. "These new hypervelocity stars are very different from the ones that...

NASA's Hubble Telescope Looks Deep Inside The Tarantula Nebula
2014-01-10 09:14:19

[ Watch the Video: Hubble Images Tarantula Nebula In New Detail ] Gerard LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Hubble Tarantula Treasury Program from NASA has revealed some fascinating new images deep inside the Tarantula Nebula, also known as 30 Daradus. This nebula is positioned inside the Large Magellanic Cloud 170,000 light-years away and contains some 800,000 stars and protostars. Upon completion of the program, a huge catalog of stellar properties will be...

Currie Celestial Body_010914
2014-01-09 15:42:28

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the more interesting questions in astronomy surrounds how solar system objects actually form. Astronomers are particularly concerned about the boundary between a planet and a star. When examining the objects in our own solar neighborhood, the question seems trivial – the Sun dominates the mass of our system, while even the largest planet, Jupiter, is dwarfed by comparison. In other parts of the galaxy, stars exist that...

Storms As Big As Jupiter's 'Great Red Spot' Found On Brown Dwarfs
2014-01-07 11:57:11

[ Watch the Video: Torrential Storm Clouds On Brown Dwarfs ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most brown dwarfs may contain storms as big as Jupiter’s “Great Red Spot,” according to findings presented at the American Astronomical Society in Washington. Brown dwarfs are a form of star, but lack the mass to fuse atoms continually to turn themselves into a full-fledged star. The celestial bodies are like a cross between a Jupiter-sized gas planet and a star....

Discovery Helps Explain Binary Systems
2013-12-31 14:59:55

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Very Large Array (VLA) have made a discovery that helps explain how double-star systems form. Half of all sun-like stars are part of double or multiple-star systems, and scientists have long debated over how these systems form. The latest discovery of previously-unseen binary companions to a pair of young protostars lends strong support for one of these explanations. "The only way to resolve the debate is to...

Astronomers Search For Cause Of Massive Star Formation
2013-12-21 04:25:12

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In an attempt to determine why massive stars – those with at least eight times the mass of our Sun – grow so much larger than most other stars in our galaxy, astronomers used the ALMA telescope to examine the cores of Infrared Dark Clouds roughly 10,000 light-years away. Infrared Dark Clouds are located in the direction of the constellations of Aquila and Scutum, and they are among the darkest, densest and coldest clouds in...

massive Star forming cluster discovered
2013-12-16 15:57:27

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Smithsonian's Submillimeter Array (SMA) have discovered a giant star-forming region. Known as W49A, the region is located 36,000 light-years away from Earth on the opposite side of the Milky Way. Astronomers say the star-forming region shines 100 times brighter than the Orion nebula. In order to view W49A, astronomers had to aim SMA through dusty fog, after which the telescope helped reveal an active site of star...

Where Brown Dwarfs End And Stars Begin
2013-12-15 04:37:49

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stars form as interstellar gas accumulates, increasing in density and temperature. Eventually, the environment at the core of the object reaches a state where hydrogen begins fusing at a high enough rate that the outward radiation pressure and the inward gravitational force reach a balance, and a star is born. However, if the forming proto-star is not quite massive enough, the fusion process is not able to produce enough...


Latest Stellar astronomy Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Designation -- The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is the internationally recognised authority for assigning designations to stars (and other celestial bodies). Many of the star names in use today were inherited from the time before the IAU existed. Other names, mainly for variable stars (including novae and supernovae), are being added all the time. Most stars, however, have no name and are referred to, if at all, by means of catalogue numbers. This article briefly...

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Word of the Day
tessitura
  • The prevailing range of a vocal or instrumental part, within which most of the tones lie.
This word is Italian in origin and comes from the Latin 'textura,' web, structure.