Latest Stellar astronomy Stories

Astronomers Search For Cause Of Massive Star Formation
2013-12-21 04:25:12

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In an attempt to determine why massive stars – those with at least eight times the mass of our Sun – grow so much larger than most other stars in our galaxy, astronomers used the ALMA telescope to examine the cores of Infrared Dark Clouds roughly 10,000 light-years away. Infrared Dark Clouds are located in the direction of the constellations of Aquila and Scutum, and they are among the darkest, densest and coldest clouds in...

massive Star forming cluster discovered
2013-12-16 15:57:27

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Smithsonian's Submillimeter Array (SMA) have discovered a giant star-forming region. Known as W49A, the region is located 36,000 light-years away from Earth on the opposite side of the Milky Way. Astronomers say the star-forming region shines 100 times brighter than the Orion nebula. In order to view W49A, astronomers had to aim SMA through dusty fog, after which the telescope helped reveal an active site of star...

Where Brown Dwarfs End And Stars Begin
2013-12-15 04:37:49

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stars form as interstellar gas accumulates, increasing in density and temperature. Eventually, the environment at the core of the object reaches a state where hydrogen begins fusing at a high enough rate that the outward radiation pressure and the inward gravitational force reach a balance, and a star is born. However, if the forming proto-star is not quite massive enough, the fusion process is not able to produce enough...

Explosive Milky Way Protostar Reveals Details About Star Formation
2013-12-04 14:04:38

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) telescope in northern Chile, scientists have identified a very young star in our galaxy which had such an explosive birth, it used to be about 100 times brighter than it is now, according to a new study in Astrophysical Journal Letters. The study, from astrophysicists at the Niels Bohr Institute and the Centre for Star and Planet Formation at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, has...

Spectacular Stellar Landscape Painted With Young Stars
2013-11-13 13:50:28

[ Watch The Video: Zooming in on the Star Cluster NGC 3572 ] ESO Astronomers at ESO have captured the best image so far of the curious clouds around the star cluster NGC 3572. This new image shows how these clouds of gas and dust have been sculpted into whimsical bubbles, arcs and the odd features known as elephant trunks by the stellar winds flowing from this gathering of hot young stars. The brightest of these cluster stars are much heavier than the Sun and will end their short...

Throes Of Stellar Birth Revealed As Never Before
2013-11-12 04:04:45

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The bubbly birth of a bouncing baby star has been revealed by observations from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and the newly completed Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile. For the well-studied object known as HH 46/47, the observations have revealed the mechanisms of stellar birth as never before seen. HH, or Herbig-Haro, objects form when jets pushed out by newborn stars collide with material surrounding...

Giant Gas Cloud Magnetic Shield Milky Way
2013-11-01 10:13:00

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered a magnetic field deep within the Smith Cloud’s interior that may protect the giant galactic streamer of hydrogen gas during its projected collision with the Milky Way galaxy. The discovery, which was made using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT), could help explain how so-called high velocity clouds (HVCs) remain mostly intact during their mergers with...

Astronomers Say Supernova Will Be Visible From Earth Within 50 Years
2013-10-31 16:04:47

[ Watch the Video: Is There A Supernova In Your Future? ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A supernova is one of the most brilliant events to take place in the universe and astronomers at The Ohio State University have determined we will see one in the Milky Way Galaxy within the next 50 years. While the odds of actually seeing a star explode with the naked eye is very low during that time span, a supernova would be visible to specialized telescopes in the form of...

Largest Known Star Self Destructs
2013-10-16 12:49:05

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A group of international scientists have been observing as the largest known star in the Universe tears itself apart. Astronomers from the UK, Chile, Germany and the US have watched as W26 in the Westerlund 1 star cluster shed its outer layers and flings a huge cloud of glowing hydrogen gas out to return enriched material back to the interstellar medium. The latest observation, reported in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal...

Petal-like Shells And Strange Star Clusters
2013-10-10 11:08:51

[ Watch The Video: Zooming in on PGC 6240 ] [ Watch The Video: Panning across PGC 6240 ] NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope PGC 6240 is an elliptical galaxy that resembles a pale rose in the sky, with hazy shells of stars encircling a very bright center. Some of these shells are packed close to the center of the galaxy, while others are flung further out into space. Several wisps of material have been thrown so far that they appear to be almost detached from the galaxy altogether....

Latest Stellar astronomy Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Designation -- The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is the internationally recognised authority for assigning designations to stars (and other celestial bodies). Many of the star names in use today were inherited from the time before the IAU existed. Other names, mainly for variable stars (including novae and supernovae), are being added all the time. Most stars, however, have no name and are referred to, if at all, by means of catalogue numbers. This article briefly...

More Articles (12 articles) »
Word of the Day
  • A unit of saved energy.
Coined by Amory Lovins, chairman of the Rocky Mountain Institute as a contraction of negative watt on the model of similar compounds like megawatt.