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Latest Stellar astronomy Stories

Dense Cloud Defies Rules Of Star Formation
2013-01-13 09:53:05

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports — Your Universe Online An unusually dense cloud located near the center of the galaxy does not appear to be forming any massive stars, astronomers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have discovered, and that behavior has them puzzled as it appears to defy the rules of star formation. The cloud, which the researchers have named G0.253+0.016, is located in the vicinity of a supermassive black hole three millions times as massive as...

Evidence Of Gas Flow As Galactic Fuel Found
2013-01-12 08:28:26

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports — Your Universe Online Thanks to observations obtained using the Hubble Space Telescope, researchers have discovered direct, empirical evidence of the existence of gas flows that are consumed by galaxies as fuel. A team led by Nicolas Lehner, research associate professor at the University of Notre Dame, studied data collected by the telescope´s two ultraviolet spectrographs, the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph and the Space Telescope Imaging...

European Southern Observatory Astronomers Capture New Image Of 47 Tucanae
2013-01-10 15:33:15

[Watch the Video: A close look at the globular star cluster 47 Tucanae] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using their Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA), astronomers at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) have managed to capture a new infrared image of 47 Tucanae, the second most massive globular cluster in the galaxy. The picture, which was released by the ESO on Thursday, depicts the cluster “in striking detail,” the...

Magnetic Fields Created Before Stars In The Early Universe
2013-01-02 13:13:56

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online An astronomer wrote in the journal Physical Review Letters about a new mechanism for the magnetization of the early universe. Before stars formed, luminous matter consisted only of fully ionized gas of protons, electrons, helium nuclei and lithium nuclei which were produced during the Big Bang. “All higher metals, for example, magnetic iron could, according to today´s conception, only be formed in the inside of...

Far Out Dude! Zeta Ophiuchi Making Waves In Space
2012-12-20 06:34:42

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has captured an infrared image of the glowing waves given off by a giant star that was sent hurtling through space after its companion star exploded. Zeta Ophiuchi, the star which is currently speeding through the universe and leaving what is known as a bow shock in its wake, is 20 times more massive and 80,000 times brighter than our sun, according to the US space agency. Scientists believe that...

Vega Star Older Than Previously Thought
2012-12-12 10:00:24

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For thousands of years, astronomers have used Vega — the fifth brightest star in the night sky and the brightest in the constellation Lyra — as a touchstone to measure the brightness of other stars. Now, a new study from the University of Michigan demonstrates that Vega may be more than 200 million years older than scientists previously believed. Researchers were able to estimate Vega´s age by precisely measuring the...

2012-12-10 16:20:29

WASHINGTON, Dec. 10, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Using computer simulations, scientists from the NASA Astrobiology Institute team at the University of Hawaii are shedding light on a question that has challenged astronomers for years: What causes wide binary stars? (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO ) Binary stars are pairs of stars that orbit each other. Wide binary stars are separated by as much as one light-year in their orbits, farther apart than some stellar...

Astronomers Find Infant Solar System
2012-12-05 14:16:15

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The youngest still-forming solar system ever seen has been discovered by astronomers and reported about in the journal Nature. Astronomers found an infant star surrounded by a swirling disk of dust and gas more than 450 light-years from Earth in the constellation Taurus. The star has about one-fifth the mass of the Sun, but the scientists say it will likely pull in material from its surroundings to eventually match the Sun's mass....

Dying Star Caught Coming Back To Life
2012-11-15 14:32:42

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers recently found evidence for a dying star coming back to life, giving insight into what may be the fate of our own Solar System in a few billion years. The picture released by the European Space Agency (ESA) is of the planetary nebula Abell 30, located 5,500 light-years away from Earth. A planetary nebula is the often-concentric shells of stellar material cast into space by dying stars. Astronomers in the 18th century...

Orion Nebula Lives Behind Cluster Of Older Stars
2012-11-14 06:26:22

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A little over 400 years ago, French astronomer Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc first discovered the "fog" that is the Orion nebula. Located a mere 1,500 light years from our solar system, the Orion nebula is one of the great wonders of the night sky whose discovery is intimately associated with the early development of telescopes. Scientists have only realized the importance of the nebula in the last 60 years: the Orion nebula, like...


Latest Stellar astronomy Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Designation -- The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is the internationally recognised authority for assigning designations to stars (and other celestial bodies). Many of the star names in use today were inherited from the time before the IAU existed. Other names, mainly for variable stars (including novae and supernovae), are being added all the time. Most stars, however, have no name and are referred to, if at all, by means of catalogue numbers. This article briefly...

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