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Latest Stellar evolution Stories

Spiral galaxy top view
2011-08-29 11:32:12

  Researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz have used a supercomputer to create a spiral galaxy that matches our own Milky Way galaxy. The computer simulation is part of a physics project involving galaxy formation and evolution. "Previous efforts to form a massive disk galaxy like the Milky Way had failed, because the simulated galaxies ended up with huge central bulges compared to the size of the disk," Javiera Guedes, a graduate student in astronomy and...

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2011-08-27 05:18:42

  A team of scientists has discovered a supernova closer to Earth than any of its kind in a generation. Astronomers believe the supernova they caught, which is about 21 million light years away from Earth, is just within hours of its explosion. Scientists around the world are scrambling to observe it with as many telescopes as possible, including the Hubble Space Telescope.  Andy Howell, adjunct professor of physics at University of California - Santa Barbara (UCSB) and...

2011-08-12 07:45:00

Type Ia supernovae are violent stellar explosions whose brightness is used to determine distances in the universe. Observing these objects to billions of light years away has led to the discovery that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate, the foundation for the notion of dark energy. Although all Type Ia supernovae appear to be very similar, astronomers do not know for certain how the explosions take place and whether they all share the same origin. Now, a team of researchers has...

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2011-07-26 09:40:00

Answers about the ultimate fate of our planet and solar system may have been discovered by a team of researchers that could also help resolve a decades-old debate about the impact of stellar companions have on the formation and structure of planetary nebulae, UPI is reporting. The team of astronomers including Associate Professor Orsola De Marco from Sydney's Macquarie University, announced the existence of the planetary nebula named Kronberger 61, discovered by an amateur astronomer. The...

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2011-07-14 06:25:00

White dwarfs are the burned-out cores of stars like our Sun. Astronomers have discovered a pair of white dwarfs spiraling into one another at breakneck speeds. Today, these white dwarfs are so near they make a complete orbit in just 13 minutes, but they are gradually slipping closer together. About 900,000 years from now - a blink of an eye in astronomical time - they will merge and possibly explode as a supernova. By watching the stars converge, scientists will test both Einstein's general...

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2011-07-02 06:56:32

"Zombie" stars that explode like bombs as they die, only to revive by sucking matter out of other stars. According to an astrophysicist at UC Santa Barbara, this isn't the plot for the latest 3D blockbuster movie. Instead, it's something that happens every day in the universe "“"“ something that can be used to measure dark energy. This special category of stars, known as Type Ia supernovae, help to probe the mystery of dark energy, which scientists believe is related to the...

2011-05-25 07:37:00

WASHINGTON, LONDON and HONG KONG, May 25, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- SuperNova Diagnostics®, Inc., a privately-held global diagnostics company for human and non-human health applications, today announced it has been selected to present at The Silicon Valley Association of Startup Entrepreneurs (SVASE) annual Launch: Silicon Valley 2011 at Microsoft's Mountain View, California campus on Tuesday, June 7, 2011 at 1:15 p.m. PDT. The presentation will include an overview of...

2011-05-19 10:08:00

WASHINGTON, May 19, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A five-year survey of 200,000 galaxies, stretching back seven billion years in cosmic time, has led to one of the best independent confirmations that dark energy is driving our universe apart at accelerating speeds. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) The survey used data from NASA's space-based Galaxy Evolution Explorer and the Anglo-Australian Telescope on Siding Spring Mountain in Australia. The findings...

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2011-05-19 11:55:00

According to NASA, dark energy is driving our universe apart at an accelerated rate. Scientists performed a five-year survey of 200,000 galaxies to help add more evidence to the favored theory of how dark energy works.  This theory says dark energy works as a constant force, uniformly affecting the universe and propelling its runaway expansion.  "The action of dark energy is as if you threw a ball up in the air, and it kept speeding upward into the sky faster and faster," Chris...

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2011-04-28 06:20:00

A new study found that the first stars in the universe were not only massive, but also fast-spinning. These stars died out long ago, but astronomers are able to see what they were like by looking at later generations of stars. Cristina Chiappini of the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam in Germany, and colleagues reanalyzed data from the Very Large Telescope of a 12-billion-year-old star cluster.  The team found high levels of metal in the stars. These levels suggest earlier generations...


Latest Stellar evolution Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

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Word of the Day
virgule
  • A punctuation mark (/) used to separate related items of information.
  • A little rod; a twig.
This word comes from the Late Latin 'virgula,' accentual mark, a diminutive of 'virga,' rod.
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