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Latest Stellar evolution Stories

Neighboring Satellite Dwarf Galaxies Do Not Fit The Standard Model
2014-06-11 07:37:40

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of scientists have found that dwarf satellite galaxies that orbit the Milky Way and neighboring Andromeda galaxy defy the standard model of galaxy formation. As well, recent attempts to fit them into the model have been flawed, raising questions about the accuracy of the standard model of cosmology, which has been the long accepted concept for the origin and evolution of the universe. In a paper to be...

Astronomers Discover Bizarre Type Of Hybrid Star
2014-06-05 03:57:41

CU-Boulder In a discovery decades in the making, scientists have detected the first of a “theoretical” class of stars first proposed in 1975 by physicist Kip Thorne and astronomer Anna Żytkow. Thorne-Żytkow objects (TŻOs) are hybrids of red supergiant and neutron stars that superficially resemble normal red supergiants, such as Betelgeuse in the constellation Orion. They differ, however, in their distinct chemical signatures that result from unique activity in their stellar...

Dissecting Dust from Detonation of Dead Star
2014-06-05 08:37:41

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A supernova occurs when a tiny white dwarf star detonates in a massive blast and a common class of these explosions, called Type Ia, occurs when two white dwarfs orbiting each other collide. Based on observations taken from the Spitzer Space Telescope, NASA scientists have uncovered evidence of a much rarer Type Ia supernova scenario – when a white dwarf feeds off an aging giant, to the point of explosion. According to a report...

Supernova Progenitor Revealed
2014-05-22 06:28:27

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online For the first time ever, astronomers have directly confirmed that a rare and extremely massive type of star known as a Wolf-Rayet star died in a violent explosion known as a Type IIb supernova, and their observations will help scientists better understand the life and death of the progenitor Wolf-Rayet. While our sun is 330,000 times more massive than Earth, comprises 99.86 percent of the total mass of the Solar System, and has a...

Have Experts Finally Solved The Mystery Of Magnetars?
2014-05-14 06:55:50

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When a massive star reaches the end of its life, it explodes in a brilliant supernova explosion. The remnant of the stellar core will usually form either a neutron star or a black hole. Occasionally, however, there emerges a third option: a magnetar. These exotic objects, share a lot in common with neutron stars. They are incredibly dense – second only to black holes in that regard – and spin very rapidly, though not...

Illustris simulation
2014-05-08 05:17:50

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers at MIT and Harvard have devised the most accurate model to date of how our universe first took shape. Dubbed Illustris, the new virtual cosmos covers the 13 billion-year evolution of the universe beginning just 12 million years after the Big Bang. It includes details never before achieved in a simulation, and accurately portrays the distribution and composition of numerous types of galaxies. "Until now, no single...

Magellan Telescopes at Las Campanas Observatory
2014-05-02 04:46:11

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the normal course of evolution, galaxies initially formed stars as clouds of hydrogen and helium collapsed. Eventually the density and temperature of the cores would ignite nuclear fusion, allowing them to shine during what we call the main sequence phase of their lives. Eventually, stars will fuse heavier and heavier elements, with stars like our sun eventually culminating as balls of carbon and oxygen – in varying...

Celestial Diamond Ring Created By Chance Meeting
2014-04-09 11:35:16

[ Watch The Video: Zooming In On The Planetary Nebula Abell 33 ] ESO Astronomers using ESO’s Very Large Telescope in Chile have captured this eye-catching image of planetary nebula PN A66 33 — usually known as Abell 33. Created when an aging star blew off its outer layers, this beautiful blue bubble is, by chance, aligned with a foreground star, and bears an uncanny resemblance to a diamond engagement ring. This cosmic gem is unusually symmetric, appearing to be almost circular...

Reconstructing The Death Of Supernovae In 3D Offers New Insights
2014-03-18 13:29:42

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An astrophysicist has created a new three-dimensional model that provides new insight into the death throes of supernovae. The model, created by W. David Arnett, Regents Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Arizona, is the first to represent the start of a supernova collapse in 3D. It shows how the turbulent mixing of elements inside the dying stars causes them to expand, contract and spit out matter before exploding....

A Wide Range Of Masses Observed In Type Ia Supernovae
2014-03-04 13:06:14

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers, publishing a paper in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, show how Type Ia supernovae have a range of masses. Scientists have been confident in knowing why Type Ia supernovae are all so much alike. Most of them assumed that carbon-oxygen white dwarf stars capture additional mass by stripping it from a companion star or by merging with another white dwarf. Scientists assumed this class of supernova were...


Latest Stellar evolution Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

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Word of the Day
Cthulhu
  • A gigantic fictional humanoid alien god being described with a head resembling an octopus and dragon wings and claws, around whom an insane cult developed.
  • Pertaining to the mythos of Cthulhu and additional otherworldly beings created by H. P. Lovecraft or inspired by his writings and imitators.
This word was invented in 1926 by H.P. Lovecraft for his short story, 'The Call of Cthulhu.' 'Cthulhu' may be based on the word 'chthonic,' which in Greek mythology refers to the underworld.
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