Latest Stellar evolution Stories

Illustris simulation
2014-05-08 05:17:50

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers at MIT and Harvard have devised the most accurate model to date of how our universe first took shape. Dubbed Illustris, the new virtual cosmos covers the 13 billion-year evolution of the universe beginning just 12 million years after the Big Bang. It includes details never before achieved in a simulation, and accurately portrays the distribution and composition of numerous types of galaxies. "Until now, no single...

Magellan Telescopes at Las Campanas Observatory
2014-05-02 04:46:11

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the normal course of evolution, galaxies initially formed stars as clouds of hydrogen and helium collapsed. Eventually the density and temperature of the cores would ignite nuclear fusion, allowing them to shine during what we call the main sequence phase of their lives. Eventually, stars will fuse heavier and heavier elements, with stars like our sun eventually culminating as balls of carbon and oxygen – in varying...

Celestial Diamond Ring Created By Chance Meeting
2014-04-09 11:35:16

[ Watch The Video: Zooming In On The Planetary Nebula Abell 33 ] ESO Astronomers using ESO’s Very Large Telescope in Chile have captured this eye-catching image of planetary nebula PN A66 33 — usually known as Abell 33. Created when an aging star blew off its outer layers, this beautiful blue bubble is, by chance, aligned with a foreground star, and bears an uncanny resemblance to a diamond engagement ring. This cosmic gem is unusually symmetric, appearing to be almost circular...

Reconstructing The Death Of Supernovae In 3D Offers New Insights
2014-03-18 13:29:42

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An astrophysicist has created a new three-dimensional model that provides new insight into the death throes of supernovae. The model, created by W. David Arnett, Regents Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Arizona, is the first to represent the start of a supernova collapse in 3D. It shows how the turbulent mixing of elements inside the dying stars causes them to expand, contract and spit out matter before exploding....

A Wide Range Of Masses Observed In Type Ia Supernovae
2014-03-04 13:06:14

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers, publishing a paper in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, show how Type Ia supernovae have a range of masses. Scientists have been confident in knowing why Type Ia supernovae are all so much alike. Most of them assumed that carbon-oxygen white dwarf stars capture additional mass by stripping it from a companion star or by merging with another white dwarf. Scientists assumed this class of supernova were...

radioactivity in a supernova remnant
2014-02-20 05:54:04

[ Watch the Video: Sloshing Star Goes Supernova ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the first time, astronomers have peered into the heart of an exploding star during the final minutes of its life. This groundbreaking achievement is one of the primary goals of NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission, which launched in June 2012. NuSTAR is tasked to measure high energy X-ray emissions from exploding stars, also known as supernovae, and...

Computer Simulations Reveal The Destruction Of A Star As It Falls Into A Black Hole
2014-02-19 05:24:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Exploring the universe's most violent events using computer simulations is what Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz does. So in 2012, when the first detailed observations of a star being ripped apart by a black hole were reported in Nature, Ramirez-Ruiz was eager to compare the data to his simulations. This was especially true because he doubted one of the published conclusions: that the disrupted star was a rare helium star. "I was sure it was a...

Bipolar Jets Of Gas, Dust Created By Small Planetary Nebulae
2014-02-13 08:01:47

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Large stars can end their lives as violently cataclysmic supernovae. Small stars, in contrast, end up as planetary nebulae—colorful, glowing clouds of dust and gas. These nebulae were once thought to be mostly spherical. In the last few decades, however, they have been observed to often emit powerful, bipolar jets of gas and dust. Scientists are unsure how spherical stars evolve to produce highly aspherical planetary nebulae, however....

Using Simulations To Chart The Forces Of The Early Universe
2014-02-06 10:13:28

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most scientific calculations need a reference point to be completed, but what if the calculations are for the beginning of the Universe – where points of reference are somewhat ephemeral? In a new study, published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, researchers from The University of Texas at Austin tried to do just that – conduct numerical simulations aimed at charting the forces of the Universe in its first...

2014-01-30 20:20:09

OAKLAND, Calif., Jan. 30, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Chabot Astronomers are tracking the latest supernova about 12 million light years away. Identified as "2014J," a Type 1A supernova, the phenomenon is occurring in Messier-82 (M82), also known as the Cigar Galaxy. Supernovae occur when a star explodes emitting a massive amount of energy in a short span of time; the star literally collapses under its own gravity. 2014J actually exploded about 12 million...

Latest Stellar evolution Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

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