Latest Stellar evolution Stories

radioactivity in a supernova remnant
2014-02-20 05:54:04

[ Watch the Video: Sloshing Star Goes Supernova ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the first time, astronomers have peered into the heart of an exploding star during the final minutes of its life. This groundbreaking achievement is one of the primary goals of NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission, which launched in June 2012. NuSTAR is tasked to measure high energy X-ray emissions from exploding stars, also known as supernovae, and...

Computer Simulations Reveal The Destruction Of A Star As It Falls Into A Black Hole
2014-02-19 05:24:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Exploring the universe's most violent events using computer simulations is what Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz does. So in 2012, when the first detailed observations of a star being ripped apart by a black hole were reported in Nature, Ramirez-Ruiz was eager to compare the data to his simulations. This was especially true because he doubted one of the published conclusions: that the disrupted star was a rare helium star. "I was sure it was a...

Bipolar Jets Of Gas, Dust Created By Small Planetary Nebulae
2014-02-13 08:01:47

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Large stars can end their lives as violently cataclysmic supernovae. Small stars, in contrast, end up as planetary nebulae—colorful, glowing clouds of dust and gas. These nebulae were once thought to be mostly spherical. In the last few decades, however, they have been observed to often emit powerful, bipolar jets of gas and dust. Scientists are unsure how spherical stars evolve to produce highly aspherical planetary nebulae, however....

Using Simulations To Chart The Forces Of The Early Universe
2014-02-06 10:13:28

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most scientific calculations need a reference point to be completed, but what if the calculations are for the beginning of the Universe – where points of reference are somewhat ephemeral? In a new study, published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, researchers from The University of Texas at Austin tried to do just that – conduct numerical simulations aimed at charting the forces of the Universe in its first...

2014-01-30 20:20:09

OAKLAND, Calif., Jan. 30, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Chabot Astronomers are tracking the latest supernova about 12 million light years away. Identified as "2014J," a Type 1A supernova, the phenomenon is occurring in Messier-82 (M82), also known as the Cigar Galaxy. Supernovae occur when a star explodes emitting a massive amount of energy in a short span of time; the star literally collapses under its own gravity. 2014J actually exploded about 12 million...

2014-01-26 05:13:55

[ Watch the Video: What Interstellar Blast Is Lighting Up The Sky? ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Several NASA spacecraft and Earth-based observatories, including the Hubble Space Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory, are studying an incredibly close supernova that took place on January 21, officials from the US space agency announced on Friday. The stellar explosion, which has been designated SN 2014J, lies approximately 12 million light-years away...

Our Understanding of the Universe MAXI-mized By The International Space Station
2014-01-16 08:31:10

NASA Look up at the night sky … do you see it? The stars of the cosmos bursting in magnificent explosions of death and rebirth! No? Well, then maybe you are not looking through the “eyes” of the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) investigation, mounted on the exterior of the International Space Station Kibo module. MAXI, along with other sky watching instruments, such as Swift, collect data that help researchers discover, study and understand the physics behind the powerful...

Rare Binary White Dwarf Systems
2013-12-20 08:30:50

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Nearly a half-century ago, astronomers discovered a strange star in the Canes Venatici constellation. It was later determined that the unusual properties of the object arose because it was not an isolated star at all, but rather a very tight binary system. With an orbital period of 18 minutes – for comparison the orbit of Mercury around the Sun takes about 88 Earth days – the individual members of the system are incredibly...

Supernova Legacy Survey Astronomers Reveal New Class Of Supernovae
2013-12-19 04:50:57

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two of the brightest and most distant supernovae ever recorded have been discovered by astronomers affiliated with the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS). The findings, published in The Astrophysical Journal, reveal that the supernovae are 10 billion light-years away and a hundred times more luminous than a normal supernova. The extreme luminosity of these supernovae cannot be explained by the mechanism that powers most supernovae —...

Tycho Supernova Mach 1000 Shock Wave
2013-11-26 15:49:52

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Somewhere in the Universe a star or stellar remnant is preparing to explode. Binary white dwarf systems can build up in mass as the compact object accretes mass from its companion. Eventually, the tiny ball of matter will explode in a brilliant event known as a supernova. The blast can glow for weeks or even months before eventually fading. However, the shock wave from the event will travel through the surrounding medium,...

Latest Stellar evolution Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

More Articles (13 articles) »
Word of the Day
  • Exultant; jubilant; triumphant; on the high horse.
  • Tipsy; slightly intoxicated.
This word may come from the phrase 'to set cock on hoop,' or 'to drink festively.' Its origin otherwise is unclear. A theory, according to the Word Detective, is that it's a 'transliteration of the French phrase 'coq a huppe,' meaning a rooster displaying its crest ('huppe') in a pose of proud defiance.' Therefore, 'cock-a-hoop' would 'liken a drunken man to a boastful and aggressive rooster.'