Latest Stellar evolution Stories
New observations of magnetic jets may shed some light on how stars transition into planetary nebulae.
Researchers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) report that they have solved the mystery of why none of the unusually small galaxies known as “red nuggets” were seen nearby – they were essentially hiding in plain sight.
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute have now created the most detailed 3D model of the inner structure of the Milky Way ever.
Researchers at Iowa State University and IBM have identified why virtually all disk galaxies grow out of their irregular, clumped appearance, and why their older stars acquire the same smooth look as they fade from a bright center to a faint edge.
Planetary nebulae occur in the final stages of a star's life when its outer layers begin to stretch out into the surrounding space. These nebulae can create beautiful objects in the night sky, with some stretching out into an hourglass or butterfly shape.
A recent nova, located in the constellation Delphinus, is the brightest such event since 2007 and is visible with the naked eye, assuming the observer is in a relatively dark location away from city lights.
Thanks to new data obtained from the Hubble Cosmological Evolution Survey, researchers have solved the mystery as to why some galaxies appear to grow larger even after they no longer form new stars.
At the end of their lives, stars like our Sun become remarkably photogenic. For example, NGC 2392, located approximately 4,200 light years from Earth, is giving astronomers a beautiful display as it nears the end of its existence.
Astrophysicists from the Astronomical Observatory of the Faculty of Physics at the University of Warsaw say the next collision of monstrous stars will not occur until billions of years from now.
Researchers recently studied a distant white dwarf star to measure the strength of the electromagnetic force, one of the four fundamental forces that shape the universe as we know it. They hoped to determine whether the laws of physics were constant throughout the universe.
The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...
Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...
White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...
Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...
Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first element...
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