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Latest Stellar evolution Stories

Study Reveals Secrets Of Binary Stars Through Red Explosions
2013-01-25 11:12:34

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astrophysicists have debated the outcome of two binary stars — stars that orbit each other — coming together in a "common envelope" for a long time. A new study from the University of Alberta has finally provided some answers. Theoretical astrophysicist Natalia Ivanova has revealed the workings of a celestial event that produces an explosion so powerful its luminosity approaches that of a supernova. “When this...

Galaxy Formation And Evolution Models Garner Award For Rutgers Astronomer
2013-01-25 07:55:22

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A Rutgers University astronomer has created computer models and simulations that help to explain how galaxies formed and evolved. Astronomer Rachel Somerville, who works as a professor of astrophysics in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, School of Arts and Sciences, created these models to show how gases like hydrogen and helium coalesce into stars and galaxies and how exploding stars and black holes impact their galactic...

Black Hole Radiation Blasted Earth During 8th Century
2013-01-21 11:56:25

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online According to a new study, black hole cosmic radiation blasted into the Earth back in the 8th century. Japanese astrophysicist Fusa Miyake discovered last year clues for the strange event located in the rings of ancient cedar trees that dated back to either 774 or 775 AD. Researchers teamed together to determine what had caused the surge in carbon-14 in the rings and found no evidence of a supernova, as they had expected. The...

Measuring The Nuclear Reaction Pathway Of Novae
2013-01-16 05:55:43

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A multinational team of scientists has revealed new information about the explosive events known as novae. Novae are dramatic stellar explosions driven by nuclear processes that make previously unseen stars visible for a short time. The team of astrophysicists measured the nuclear structure of the radioactive neon produced through this process in unprecedented detail. The study, led by the University of York, UK, and Universitat...

Distant Supernova Dates Back To 10 Billion Years
2013-01-10 08:09:44

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Have you ever wished for a time machine to be able to travel to the distant past? What about a "Wayback Television Set" that would allow you to watch an entire month of ancient prehistory in real time? Berkeley Lab´s David Rubin gave just such a scenario to attendees at the American Astronomical Society meeting this week when he unveiled the discovery of a striking astronomical object. Rubin announced a Type Ia supernova with...

Supernova Explosions Simulated With Complex Computer Code
2013-01-09 08:00:01

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Wanting to bridge the gap between what is known about exploring stars and the remnants left behind thousands of years later, two University of Texas at Arlington students and their colleagues are trying something new — using SNSPH, a complex computer code developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The two students, Carola I. Ellinger, a post-doctoral researcher at UT Arlington, and Sangwook Park, an assistant professor in the...

Andromeda Surrounded By Dwarf Galaxies
2013-01-04 04:57:16

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered a group of dwarf galaxies moving in unison near the Andromeda Galaxy around the host known as Messier 31 using the MegaCam on the Canada-France-Hawaii and W. M. Keck Observatory telescopes on the summit of Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Analogous to the planets of our own Solar System, the structure of these small galaxies — nearly half that orbit Andromeda - lies in a plane. What is truly surprising to the...

Astronomers Observe White Dwarfs Imitating Black Holes
2012-12-18 14:20:20

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online University of Southampton researchers reported in The Astrophysical Journal that they have observed bright X-ray flares in a nearby galaxy being produced by a white dwarf. The team made the discovery by detecting a dramatic, short-lived X-ray flare that was picked up by an X-ray telescope on the International Space Station (ISS). Astronomers used optical telescopes in South Africa and Chile to help observe the flare, called...

Hubble Image Of Planetary Nebula Resembles Christmas Ribbon
2012-12-18 13:37:12

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) have released a new Hubble Space Telescope image of the planetary nebula NGC 5189. In the essence of the Christmas spirit, ESA describes the cosmic structure of the eruption as a "giant and brightly colored ribbon in space." The structure visible within NGC 5189 is particularly dramatic, and the space agencies said the image is the most detailed yet image of this object. Planetary...

X-ray Emissions A Tell-tale Sign Of Supernova Birth
2012-12-08 06:44:04

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study led by the University of Leicester has revealed new evidence suggesting X-ray detectors in space could be the first to witness new supernovae that signal the death of massive stars. An excess of X-ray radiation has been observed in the first few minutes of the collapse of massive stars. This excess may be the signature of the supernovae shock wave as it first escapes from the star. Dr. Rhaana Starling of the University...


Latest Stellar evolution Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f5
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

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2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

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Word of the Day
sough
  • A murmuring sound; a rushing or whistling sound, like that of the wind; a deep sigh.
  • A gentle breeze; a waft; a breath.
  • Any rumor that engages general attention.
  • A cant or whining mode of speaking, especially in preaching or praying; the chant or recitative characteristic of the old Presbyterians in Scotland.
  • To make a rushing, whistling, or sighing sound; emit a hollow murmur; murmur or sigh like the wind.
  • To breathe in or as in sleep.
  • To utter in a whining or monotonous tone.
According to the OED, from the 16th century, this word is 'almost exclusively Scots and northern dialect until adopted in general literary use in the 19th.'
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