Latest Stellar magnetic field Stories

Stellar Magnetic Fields Affect Possibility For Life Beyond Earth
2013-07-05 04:31:00

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The presence of an atmosphere - among many other factors - is vital for the evolution of life as we know it on a planet. However, this seemingly simple requirement is bathed in a multitude of variables that can affect its creation and existence. Thus, establishing an atmosphere is by no means a trivial detail. Scientists believe mechanisms such as volcanic eruptions, other tectonic activity and even comet impacts could all play...

2012-08-15 01:04:38

Whilst the most powerful earthquake since records began hit Japan in 2011, triggering a massive tsunami which devastated much of the country, space scientists involved in one of the 'brightest' international Sun missions continued working tirelessly at the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science in Sagamihara, Japan, to capture new data from our turbulent star. These latest Hinode results, to be discussed in a meeting at the University of St Andrews this week (Tuesday 14 August),...

2012-07-09 10:55:42

A team of scientists has created an "MRI" of the Sun's interior plasma motions, shedding light on how it transfers heat from its deep interior to its surface. The result, which appears in the journal the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, upends our understanding of how heat is transported outwards by the Sun and challenges existing explanations of the formation of sunspots and magnetic field generation. The work was conducted by researchers from NYU's Courant Institute of...

2011-07-12 10:30:00

By Dr. Tony Phillips - Science@NASA On June 7, 2011, Earth-orbiting satellites detected a flash of X-rays coming from the western edge of the solar disk. Registering only "M" (for medium) on the Richter scale of solar flares, the blast at first appeared to be a run-of-the-mill eruption--that is, until researchers looked at the movies. "We'd never seen anything like it," says Alex Young, a solar physicist at the Goddard Space Flight Center. "Half of the sun appeared to be blowing itself to...

2010-08-03 08:00:00

For a thrilling eight minutes, NASA researchers will soon get a peek at one of the sun's most mysterious regions, where temperatures fluctuate from tens of thousands of degrees Fahrenheit to several million, and solar flares and coronal mass ejections originate -- potentially threatening spacecraft, Earth-based communications and the lives of explorers in space. To learn more about this turbulent region of the sun, known as the transition region, Marshall solar physicists and engineers have...

2010-04-12 06:51:34

Over the last century, astronomers have become very aware of how just dynamic the Sun really is. One of the most dramatic manifestations of this is a coronal mass ejection (CME) where billions of tons of matter is thrown into space. If a CME reaches the Earth it creates inclement "Ëœspace weather' that can disrupt communications, power grids and the delicate systems on orbiting satellites. This potential damage means there is a keen interest in understanding exactly what triggers a...

2009-11-02 12:47:07

Solar wind generated by the sun is probably driven by a process involving powerful magnetic fields, according to a new study led by UCL (University College London) researchers based on the latest observations from the Hinode satellite. Scientists have long speculated on the source of solar winds. The Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS), on board the Japanese-UK-US Hinode satellite, is now generating unprecedented observations enabling scientists to provide a new perspective on the...

2009-08-18 09:14:07

The mystery of why temperatures in the sun's outer atmosphere are higher than near the sun's surface may have been solved by Japan's Hinode satellite. James Klimchuk, an astrophysicist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center's Solar Physics Laboratory, says new observations by that satellite have revealed why temperatures in the solar corona, the sun's outer atmosphere, soar to several million degrees Kelvin -- much higher than temperatures nearer the sun's surface. The answer is nanoflares --...

2009-06-23 08:30:00

Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing the first detection of a magnetic field on the star Vega, one of the brightest stars in the sky. Using the high-sensitivity NARVAL spectropolarimeter installed at the Bernard-Lyot telescope (Pic du Midi Observatory, France), a team of astronomers [1] detected the effect of a magnetic field (known as the Zeeman effect) in the light emitted by Vega. Vega is a famous star among amateur and professional astronomers. Located at only 25 light years from...

2007-05-29 16:35:00

Research explains century-old mystery about the interior of the sun Sound waves escaping the sun's interior create fountains of hot gas that shape and power a thin region of the sun's atmosphere which appears as a ruby red "ring of fire" around the moon during a total solar eclipse, according to research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and NASA. The results are presented today at the American Astronomical Society's Solar Physics Division meeting in Hawaii. This region, called...

Latest Stellar magnetic field Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Sunspot -- A sunspot is a region on the Sun's surface (photosphere) that is marked by a lower temperature than its surroundings, and intense magnetic activity. Although they are blindingly bright, at temperatures of roughly 5000 Kelvin, the contrast with the surrounding material at some 6000 Kelvin leaves them clearly visible as dark spots. Interestingly, if they were isolated from the surrounding photosphere they would be brighter than an electric arc. History Apparent references...

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Word of the Day
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.