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Latest Structure of the Earth Stories

Researchers May Have Solved The Spin Mystery Of Earth's Core
2013-09-17 06:18:52

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the last 300 years at least, we have been questioning what direction the center of the earth spins. A group of scientists from the University of Leeds, UK, and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology may have found the answer. According to the study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the Earth's inner core - made of solid iron - "superrotates" in eastward directions. This means it spins faster...

Scientists Reveal New Insight Into Formation Of Earth’s Continents
2013-09-16 17:42:14

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online Scientists writing in the journal Nature Geoscience say they've unveiled more clues about how continents formed early in the Earth's history. The latest research provides strong evidence against continent formation above a hot mantle plume. Instead, the analysis indicates that the nuclei of Earth's continents formed as a byproduct of the mountain-building processes, by stacking up slabs of relatively cold oceanic crust....

Newly Discovered Seismic Waves Reveal Earth's Volcanic Hotspots
2013-09-06 08:40:14

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A previously unknown channel of slow-moving seismic waves in the Earth’s mantle has been discovered by a team of scientists from the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Maryland. These waves help to explain "hotspot volcanoes" that give birth to island chains such as Hawaii and Tahiti. The findings of this study have been published in Science Express. Hotspot volcanoes form in the middle of tectonic plates,...

Pamir Tien Shan Earthquakes And Tectonics
2013-08-27 14:07:16

Helmholtz Association Real time observation of shear waves on the Earth's surface, first direct observation of subducting continental crust during the collision of two continents Earthquake damage to buildings is mainly due to the existing shear waves which transfer their energy during an earthquake to the houses. These shear waves are significantly influenced by the underground and the topography of the surrounding area. Detailed knowledge of the landform and the near-surface...

Greenland Ice Sheet Is Melting From Below
2013-08-12 04:20:03

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online High heat flow from the mantle into the lithosphere is causing the Greenland ice sheet to melt from below, according to new research published in Sunday’s online edition of the journal Nature Geoscience. This phenomenon, the researchers explain, is very variable spatially and originates in an exceptionally thin lithosphere (the Earth’s crust and upper mantle). As a result, they report there is an increase in the heat flow from...

Thermal Conductivity In The Earth's Lower Mantle
2013-08-10 04:51:11

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers have, for the first time, experimentally simulated the pressure conditions of the Earth’s deep lower mantle – an achievement that could shed new light on the planet’s evolution, according to a study published Friday in the online edition of the journal Scientific Reports. Experts from the Carnegie Institution and the University of Illinois managed to use their simulation to measure thermal conductivity in this...

Earth's Origins May Be Explained Through Mantle's 'Hidden Flux'
2013-07-17 14:46:32

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the more popular theories surrounding the formation of the planets involves the countless collisions of smaller objects in orbit around the sun 4.5 billion years ago. However, proponents of that theory are missing one thing: the Earth's chemical composition is distinctly different from the meteors that are currently striking the planet. Scientists have found that the lead-uranium ratio of meteors is much different than that of...

Corn Syrup Model Predicts Yellowstone Geophysical Behavior
2013-07-15 11:07:37

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In an experiment that could be described as a science fair exhibit on steroids, researchers from Australia and the United States have created a model explaining the geophysical processes occurring in the Pacific Northwest using corn syrup, fiberglass and a series of pistons. Before computer models were generated using state-of-the-art processing power, scientists relied on simple models made from everyday materials. According to the...

Upwellings In Earth's Mantle Have Remained Stable Over Geologic Time
2013-06-27 08:33:06

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from the University of Hawaii - Manoa's School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) reveals that the large-scale upwelling within Earth's mantle mostly occur in only two locations: beneath Africa and the Central Pacific. Clinton Conrad, associate professor of geology at SOEST, led the team of researchers who found, despite dramatic reconfigurations of tectonic plate motions and continental locations on the...

2013-06-13 10:52:22

Reassessment of the role of water in plate tectonics Water in the Earth's crust and upper mantle may not play such an important role as a lubricant of plate tectonics as previously assumed. This is a result geoscientists present in the current issue of the scientific journal Nature (13/06/2013) after the examination of water in the mineral olivine. Laboratory experiments over the past three decades have suggested the presence of water greatly weakens the mechanical strength of the...


Latest Structure of the Earth Reference Libraries

Seismology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Seismology is the scientific study of earthquakes and the spread of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies. The field includes studies of earthquake effects, such as tsunamis in addition to diverse seismic sources such as tectonic, volcanic, oceanic, atmospheric, and artificial processes. A related field that utilizes geology to infer information regarding past earthquakes is paleoseismology. A recording of earth motion as a function of time is a seismogram. A...

0_a4a5653b4a287158357a3d5b37b58d01
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Earth science (or geoscience) is the science of the planet Earth. Earth science can be broken down into four major disciplines, which are: geography, geology, geophysics, and geodesy. These disciplines use physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to arrive to a greater understanding of the principal areas of the Earth system. Since Earth is the only known life-bearing planet, Earth science is solely dedicated to the geophysical makeup of our own planet. One discipline,...

6_914a7fcc557496313161b2da1b718dea2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Meteorite -- A meteorite is a relatively small extraterrestrial material body that reaches the Earth's surface. While in space these bodies are called meteoroids. Upon entering the atmosphere air drag and friction will cause the body to heat up, emitting light, thus forming a meteor, fireball, or shooting star. Most meteors disintegrate in the air, making impact events (Earth impacts) on the surface of Earth uncommon. About 500 baseball sized rocks a year reach the surface. Large...

4_33609f8ebef994f54be143abe0bef9f42
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Earth -- in geology and astronomy, fifth largest planet of the solar system and the only planet definitely known to support life. Gravitational forces have molded the earth, like all celestial bodies, into a spherical shape. However, the earth is not an exact sphere, being slightly flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator. The equatorial diameter is c.7,926 mi (12,760 km) and the polar diameter 7,900 mi (12,720 km); the circumference at the equator is c.24,830 mi (40,000 km)....

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Word of the Day
mallemaroking
  • Nautical, the visiting and carousing of sailors in the Greenland ships.
This word is apparently from a confusion of two similar Dutch words: 'mallemerok,' a foolish woman, and 'mallemok,' a name for some persons among the crew of a whaling vessel.