Latest Structure of the Earth Stories

2011-05-10 09:38:23

Primary coordination point for EarthScope science, education and outreach activities The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $2.4 million to Arizona State University (ASU) to serve as the next host for the EarthScope National Office. The national office fosters and supports integrated science, education and outreach, and related activities for EarthScope scientists. EarthScope is an NSF-funded Earth science program that explores the four-dimensional structure of the North American...

2011-04-29 11:55:36

A team of scientists led by Rice University has figured out why the Colorado Plateau "“ a 130,000-square-mile region that straddles Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico -- is rising even while parts of its lower crust appear to be falling. The massive, tectonically stable region of the western United States has long puzzled geologists. A paper published today in the journal Nature shows how magmatic material from the depths slowly rises to invade the lithosphere -- Earth's crust and...

2011-04-06 07:25:00

The Chicxulub crater in Mexico, the site of the asteroid strike that brought the dinosaurs to extinction 65 million years ago, is among the highlights of ocean drilling projects proposed for the next decade, reports BBC News. The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) plans to study the crater by drilling about a mile into the sea bed. IODP is also planning expeditions to study earthquakes, ancient climates and a long-term aim to penetrate the Earth's mantle for the first time. IODP...

2011-03-24 11:00:49

Researchers are hoping to attempt to drill into the Earth's mantle layer off the coast of Costa Rica in hopes of finding pristine samples of the earth's inner boundary, BBC News reports. With initial bore holes to reach 1.2 miles under the seabed to test equipment and techniques, the ultimate goal is to reach even further to retrieve deeper samples. It is estimated that at the chosen location, a drill must be able to reach almost 4 miles under the sea floor to reach the upper mantle....

2011-02-24 23:38:59

Early in the formation of the Earth, some forms of the element chromium separated and disappeared deep into the planet's core, a new study by UC Davis geologists shows. The finding, to be published online by the journal Science Feb. 24, will help scientists understand the early stages of planet formation, said Qing-Zhu Yin, professor of geology at UC Davis and coauthor on the paper. Yin, former postdoctoral scholar Frederic Moynier and Edwin Schauble of the Department and Earth and Space...

2011-02-21 09:30:00

New research gives the first accurate estimate of how much faster the Earth's core is rotating compared to the rest of the planet. Previous research had shown that the Earth's core rotates faster than the rest of the planet. However, scientists from the University of Cambridge have discovered that earlier estimates of 1 degree every year were inaccurate and that the core is actually moving much slower than previously believed "“ approximately 1 degree every million years. Their findings...

2011-01-20 06:10:00

Secrets of mysterious metal hotspots uncovered by new single molecule imaging technique The secrets behind the mysterious nano-sized electromagnetic "hotspots" that appear on metal surfaces under a light are finally being revealed with the help of a BEAST. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a single molecule imaging technology, dubbed the Brownian Emitter Adsorption Super-resolution Technique (BEAST), that...

2011-01-13 17:49:30

The continental crust is the principal record of conditions on the Earth for the last 4.4 billion years. Its formation modified the composition of the mantle and the atmosphere, it supports life, and it remains a sink for carbon dioxide through weathering and erosion. The continental crust therefore has had a key role in the evolution of the Earth, and yet the timing of its generation remains the topic of considerable debate. It is widely believed that the juvenile continental crust has grown...

2010-12-17 13:23:49

Earth's internal dynamo generates average field in outer core 50 times that at surface A University of California, Berkeley, geophysicist has made the first-ever measurement of the strength of the magnetic field inside Earth's core, 1,800 miles underground. The magnetic field strength is 25 Gauss, or 50 times stronger than the magnetic field at the surface that makes compass needles align north-south. Though this number is in the middle of the range geophysicists predict, it puts constraints...

2010-11-22 06:39:38

The first study to ever explore biological activity in the deepest layer of ocean crust has found bacteria with a remarkable range of capabilities, including eating hydrocarbons and natural gas, and "fixing" or storing carbon. The research, published in the journal PLoS One, showed that a significant number and amount of bacterial forms were present, even in temperatures near the boiling point of water. "This is a new ecosystem that almost no one has ever explored," said Martin Fisk, a...

Latest Structure of the Earth Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Seismology is the scientific study of earthquakes and the spread of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies. The field includes studies of earthquake effects, such as tsunamis in addition to diverse seismic sources such as tectonic, volcanic, oceanic, atmospheric, and artificial processes. A related field that utilizes geology to infer information regarding past earthquakes is paleoseismology. A recording of earth motion as a function of time is a seismogram. A...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Earth science (or geoscience) is the science of the planet Earth. Earth science can be broken down into four major disciplines, which are: geography, geology, geophysics, and geodesy. These disciplines use physics, chemistry, biology, chronology and mathematics to arrive to a greater understanding of the principal areas of the Earth system. Since Earth is the only known life-bearing planet, Earth science is solely dedicated to the geophysical makeup of our own planet. One discipline,...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Meteorite -- A meteorite is a relatively small extraterrestrial material body that reaches the Earth's surface. While in space these bodies are called meteoroids. Upon entering the atmosphere air drag and friction will cause the body to heat up, emitting light, thus forming a meteor, fireball, or shooting star. Most meteors disintegrate in the air, making impact events (Earth impacts) on the surface of Earth uncommon. About 500 baseball sized rocks a year reach the surface. Large...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Earth -- in geology and astronomy, fifth largest planet of the solar system and the only planet definitely known to support life. Gravitational forces have molded the earth, like all celestial bodies, into a spherical shape. However, the earth is not an exact sphere, being slightly flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator. The equatorial diameter is c.7,926 mi (12,760 km) and the polar diameter 7,900 mi (12,720 km); the circumference at the equator is c.24,830 mi (40,000 km)....

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Word of the Day
  • A fudgelike confection of brown sugar, cream or milk, and chopped nuts.
'Penuche' is a variant of 'panocha,' a coarse grade of sugar made in Mexico. 'Panocha' probably comes from the Spanish 'panoja, panocha,' ear of grain.