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Latest Supernova Stories

Heavy Metals In The Infant Universe
2013-08-07 05:55:59

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A star exploded more than 12 billion years ago, ripping itself apart and blasting debris outward in twin jets at nearly the speed of light. The star shone so brightly at its death that it outshone its entire galaxy by a million times. This flash of light traveled across space for 12.7 billion years to a planet that hadn't even existed at the time of the explosion - our Earth. Astronomers have analyzed this light to learn about a galaxy...

Gold Created By Colliding Stars
2013-07-18 04:18:47

[ Watch the Video: Merging Neutron Stars ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A gamma-ray burst (GRB) created by the collision of two neutron stars has given researchers new insight into how gold, one of the rarest elements on Earth, and in the entire universe, is formed. Lead author Edo Berger of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) and his colleagues explain that unlike elements such as carbon or iron, gold cannot be created inside of a star....

Astronomers Detect Relatively Cool Supernova Remnant
2013-07-05 14:00:28

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of astronomers detected surprisingly low temperatures in the remnant of the supernova 1987A, helping to explain the mystery of why space is filled with dust grains and molecules. The team used the Herschel Space Observatory and Atacama Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA) to study the supernova remnant. They were able to find a vast reservoir of unexpectedly cold molecules and dust. "The powerful explosion...

Astronomers May Have Witnessed A Collapsing Neutron Star
2013-07-05 04:16:37

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Radio observatories have recently noticed bursts of radio light emerging in the night sky. The intense flashes exist for only a moment then disappear and do not seem to repeat. These so called 'blitzars' are a mystery, but researchers Heino Falcke (Max-Plank Institute for radio astronomy) and Luciano Rezzolla (Albert-Einstein Institute in Potsdam) have suggested we may be witnessing the death-cry of a supermassive pulsar...

Dark Energy Survey Will Look For Supernovae
2013-07-01 18:32:12

John P. Mills, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The greatest cosmological puzzle of the 21st century continues to be to measure, characterize and understand the source of dark energy, the apparent force that is driving the accelerating expansion of the Universe. One of the problems is that in order to make accurate measurements of the expansion rate, astronomers must measure the motions of distant galaxies, some near the very edge of the known Universe. At such great...

Stellar Collision Survivor New Type Pulsating Star
2013-06-28 14:54:18

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered that the brightness of the remnant of a stellar collision can vary in a way that scientists have not observed before. The team wrote in the journal Nature that these observations will allow astronomers to learn what happens when stars collide in binary systems. Stars like our Sun expand to become red giant stars when the hydrogen that fuels the nuclear fusion in their cores runs out. Binary stars will...

Computer Simulations Shed New Light On Neutron Star Formation
2013-06-28 04:30:08

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) have, for the first time, created three-dimensional computer models in order to study the formation of neutron stars at the center of collapsing stars, officials from the German research center announced earlier this week. By creating what they call the most expensive and elaborate computer simulations of the process to date, the team of investigators confirmed,...

Chandra Discovers Supernova Remnant Emission Is Synchrotron Radiation
2013-06-26 16:32:40

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online Astronomers will be reporting details about a supernova remnant known as G1.9+0.3 in the upcoming issue of The Astrophysical Journal Letters. In 2008, a team of scientists discovered the remains of a supernova known to have occurred in the Milky Way, about 28,000 light years away from Earth. The explosion would have been visible from Earth a little more than a hundred years ago, assuming it was not obscured by dust and gas....

Supernova Gold Standard For Normal
2013-06-19 13:37:32

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A group of astronomers has released a dataset based on 32 nights of repeated observations of supernova 2011fe, creating a "gold-standard" atlas for Type 1a supernovae. Astronomers were able to catch supernova 2011fe just 12 hours after it exploded in the Pinwheel Galaxy in the Big Dipper. The supernova is easy to spot with binoculars, and has been nicknamed the Backyard Supernova. Researchers from the international Nearby Supernova...


Latest Supernova Reference Libraries

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f5
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_dac4e7d6b8fb5cf3a1458d796b90d7a92
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f4
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Nova -- A nova is an enormous nuclear explosion caused by the accretion of hydrogen onto the surface of a white dwarf star. When a white dwarf has a close companion star, the companion will often begin to have its outer atmosphere drawn away from it by the white dwarf's gravity as the companion star ages and expands into a red giant. The gases so captured consist primarily of hydrogen and helium, the two principle constituents of matter in the universe. The gases are compacted on the...

6_01a86ed4f982e83106471153849423222
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Magnetar -- A magnetar is a neutron star with a strong magnetic field. The theory around these objects was formulated by Robert Duncan and Christopher Thompson. When in a supernova a star collapses to a neutron star, its magnetic field increases dramatically in strength. Duncan and Thompson calculated that the magnetic field of a neutron star, normally an already enormous 1012 tesla could under certain circumstances grow even larger, to about 1015 tesla. Such a highly magnetic neutron...

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'karpos', fruit.
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