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Latest Supernova Stories

First Biological Evidence Of Ancient Supernova
2013-05-09 09:20:27

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online In the early Universe the only elements capable of forming were hydrogen and helium. All subsequent atoms are created by massive stars: the lighter members by nuclear fusion in their cores, with much of the rest created during supernovae as atoms are collided at incredible energies leading to nucleosynthesis. Some of the elements produced have long half-lives, sticking around to lay the foundation for new stars, planets and...

Black Hole Birth In A Cosmic Flash
2013-05-05 06:07:14

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Stars sustain themselves by fusing elements in their core, producing even heavier atoms, releasing energy that keeps the immense force of gravity at bay. But eventually, the fusion process will no longer produce enough outward radiation pressure to sustain the star, and it will begin to collapse in on itself. In the grandest of cases, the progenitor is a truly massive object, perhaps tens or hundreds of times the mass...

New Image Of Betelgeuse Reveals Hot Spots
2013-04-24 19:23:35

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Astronomers have snapped a very detailed image of the outer atmosphere of the red supergiant Betelgeuse. This star is the nearest red supergiant to Earth, easily visible to the unaided eye sitting on the top left shoulder of Orion the Hunter. Betelgeuse is about 1,000 times larger than our Sun and lies about 650 light years away from Earth. Astronomers took a new image with the e-MERLIN radio telescope array operated from the...

Distant Type Ia Supernova Magnified Through Gravitational Lensing
2013-04-23 18:32:44

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers at the Kavli IPMU, led by Robert Quimby, have discovered the first ever Type Ia supernova (SNIa), extraordinarily magnified by a gravitational lens. Scientists wrote in the Astrophysics Journal Letters they discovered the supernova, PS1-10afx, with the Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System 1 (Pan-STARRS1). The supernova exploded over 9 billion years ago, making it a much further object than most...

Sand Grains In Meteorite May Have Come From Milky Way-Forming Supernova
2013-04-21 07:31:06

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Two tiny grains of silica discovered in primitive meteorites may have originated from the ancient supernova responsible for the formation of the solar system, according to new research published in the May 1 edition of Astrophysical Journal Letters. The silica grains were discovered by scientists from Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL) and the McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, and was said to be...

Scientists Unravel The Mysteries Of Large Gamma-Ray Bursts
2013-04-16 13:06:58

WATCH VIDEO: [Swift's Christmas Burst From Blue Supergiant Star Explosion] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers unwrapped a little more of the mystery surrounding a new type of powerful cosmic explosion, creating a new theory around the death of supergiant stars. These huge explosions create powerful blasts of high energy gamma rays, known as gamma-ray bursts. These larger blasts can last for several hours, compared to most gamma-ray bursts which...

Kepler's Supernova Contains Higher Heavy Metal Content Than Our Sun
2013-04-09 14:22:13

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using observations made from the Suzaku satellite, a joint venture between Japan's space agency and NASA, an international team of researchers has found that the star responsible for Johannes Kepler´s famous supernova contained a much higher heavy metal content that our own sun. After determining the makeup of the distant star, the scientists said they have a greater understanding of Ia supernovae, a useful class of stellar...

Yellow Supergiant Star
2013-04-06 05:40:34

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Supernovae are important astronomical objects. They tell us about how stars die and are used as measuring sticks to investigate distant galaxies. But there is still some uncertainty as to how the supernova process proceeds in some cases. It is believed that the most common progenitor of Type II supernova is the collapse of supergiant stars. In this phase of their evolution stars oscillate between red supergiant and more...

Hubble Space Telescope Breaks Record For Furthest Supernova
2013-04-04 12:49:29

ESA/Hubble The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has broken the record in the quest to find the furthest supernova of the type used to measure cosmic distances. This supernova exploded more than 10 billion years ago (redshift 1.914), at a time the Universe was in its early formative years and stars were being born at a rapid rate. The supernova, designated SN UDS10Wil, belongs to a special class of exploding stars known as Type Ia supernovae. These bright beacons are prized by astronomers...


Latest Supernova Reference Libraries

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f5
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_dac4e7d6b8fb5cf3a1458d796b90d7a92
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f4
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Nova -- A nova is an enormous nuclear explosion caused by the accretion of hydrogen onto the surface of a white dwarf star. When a white dwarf has a close companion star, the companion will often begin to have its outer atmosphere drawn away from it by the white dwarf's gravity as the companion star ages and expands into a red giant. The gases so captured consist primarily of hydrogen and helium, the two principle constituents of matter in the universe. The gases are compacted on the...

6_01a86ed4f982e83106471153849423222
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Magnetar -- A magnetar is a neutron star with a strong magnetic field. The theory around these objects was formulated by Robert Duncan and Christopher Thompson. When in a supernova a star collapses to a neutron star, its magnetic field increases dramatically in strength. Duncan and Thompson calculated that the magnetic field of a neutron star, normally an already enormous 1012 tesla could under certain circumstances grow even larger, to about 1015 tesla. Such a highly magnetic neutron...

More Articles (9 articles) »
Word of the Day
vermicular
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.
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