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Latest Supernovae Stories

Astronomers Solve 40-year Mystery Of Nearby Supernova
2012-01-12 05:57:49

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has helped astronomers solve a 40-year mystery over what type of star, or so-called progenitor, caused a supernova in a nearby galaxy. The powerful telescope´s findings have provided new observational data for identifying one of several scenarios that trigger such outbursts. Based on previous observations from ground-based telescopes, astronomers knew the supernova class, called a Type Ia, created a remnant named SNR 0509-67.5, which lies 170,000...

Hubble Breaks New Ground With Distant Supernova Discovery
2012-01-11 14:26:21

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has looked deep into the distant universe and detected the feeble glow of a star that exploded more than 9 billion years ago. The sighting is the first finding of an ambitious survey that will help astronomers place better constraints on the nature of dark energy, the mysterious repulsive force that is causing the universe to fly apart ever faster. "For decades, astronomers have harnessed the power of Hubble to unravel the mysteries of the universe," said John...

August Supernova Was A White Dwarf
2012-01-11 13:25:22

Fluke observation 4 hours after star exploded allows stronger limits on size of progenitor Last year's discovery of the nearest Type Ia supernova in decades — captured only 11 hours after it exploded — allowed astronomers to finally cinch the identity of the stars behind these explosions, which have become key measures of cosmic distance. That supernova, called SN2011fe, and presumably most Type Ia supernovae were originally white dwarfs extremely dense and compact stars...

Earth Safe And Sound From Supernova In 2012: NASA
2011-12-19 12:30:19

[ Watch the Video ] NASA reported recently that astronomers can say with certainty there is no fear of a supernova being close enough to hurt Earth, especially by 2012. Astronomers believe that about one or two supernovae explode each century in our galaxy.  However, for Earth's ozone layer to experience damage from a supernova, the blast must occur less than 50 light-years away. All of the nearby stars capable of going supernova are much farther than 50 light-years. A...

August 24th Supernova Was A 'White Dwarf' Star
2011-12-14 14:20:53

Scientists have discovered that a supernova that exploded in August was a "white dwarf" star, and its companion star could not have been a "red giant." The thermonuclear Type Ia supernova exploded on August 24th in the Pinwheel galaxy, located in the "Big Dipper" star constellation. These supernovae are used to measure dark energy, which scientists believe is related to the expansion of the universe. The supernova, which is located about 21 million light-years away, could be seen in...

Image 1 - Fermi Shows That Tycho's Star Shines In Gamma Rays
2011-12-13 11:56:08

[ Watch the Video ] In early November 1572, observers on Earth witnessed the appearance of a "new star" in the constellation Cassiopeia, an event now recognized as the brightest naked-eye supernova in more than 400 years. It's often called "Tycho's supernova" after the great Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, who gained renown for his extensive study of the object. Now, years of data collected by NASA's Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope reveal that the shattered star's remains shine in...

WISE Images Supernova's Rose
2011-12-12 07:10:26

About 3,700 years ago, people on Earth would have seen a brand-new bright star in the sky. It slowly dimmed out of sight and was eventually forgotten, until modern astronomers later found its remains, called Puppis A. In this new image from NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), Puppis A looks less like the remains of a supernova explosion and more like a red rose. Puppis A (pronounced PUP-pis) was formed when a massive star ended its life in a supernova, the most brilliant and...

In A Star's Final Days, Astronomers Hunt 'Signal Of Impending Doom'
2011-12-01 04:40:55

An otherwise nondescript binary star system in the Whirlpool Galaxy has brought astronomers tantalizingly close to their goal of observing a star just before it goes supernova. The study, submitted in a paper to the Astrophysical Journal, provides the latest result from an Ohio State University galaxy survey underway with the Large Binocular Telescope, located in Arizona. In the first survey of its kind, the researchers have been scanning 25 nearby galaxies for stars that brighten and...


Latest Supernovae Reference Libraries

6_c21be0ecb1b565a9be109a383c38223f2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f5
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_dac4e7d6b8fb5cf3a1458d796b90d7a92
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f4
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Nova -- A nova is an enormous nuclear explosion caused by the accretion of hydrogen onto the surface of a white dwarf star. When a white dwarf has a close companion star, the companion will often begin to have its outer atmosphere drawn away from it by the white dwarf's gravity as the companion star ages and expands into a red giant. The gases so captured consist primarily of hydrogen and helium, the two principle constituents of matter in the universe. The gases are compacted on the...

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Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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