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Latest Supernovae Stories

How Fast Does A Supernova Shockwave Travel? A Japan Team May Have The Answer
2013-08-13 14:51:55

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some of the most spectacular explosions this side of the Big Bang, supernovae generate unthinkable amounts of force and energy and new research from Keio University in Japan has measured the expansion velocity of a supernova shockwave for the first time. The shockwave measured by the research team was from the supernova remnant W44, which is located approximately 10,000 light years from Earth. Quantifying the expansion and kinetic...

Astronomers Detect Relatively Cool Supernova Remnant
2013-07-05 14:00:28

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of astronomers detected surprisingly low temperatures in the remnant of the supernova 1987A, helping to explain the mystery of why space is filled with dust grains and molecules. The team used the Herschel Space Observatory and Atacama Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA) to study the supernova remnant. They were able to find a vast reservoir of unexpectedly cold molecules and dust. "The powerful explosion...

Dark Energy Survey Will Look For Supernovae
2013-07-01 18:32:12

John P. Mills, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The greatest cosmological puzzle of the 21st century continues to be to measure, characterize and understand the source of dark energy, the apparent force that is driving the accelerating expansion of the Universe. One of the problems is that in order to make accurate measurements of the expansion rate, astronomers must measure the motions of distant galaxies, some near the very edge of the known Universe. At such great...

Stellar Collision Survivor New Type Pulsating Star
2013-06-28 14:54:18

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered that the brightness of the remnant of a stellar collision can vary in a way that scientists have not observed before. The team wrote in the journal Nature that these observations will allow astronomers to learn what happens when stars collide in binary systems. Stars like our Sun expand to become red giant stars when the hydrogen that fuels the nuclear fusion in their cores runs out. Binary stars will...

Computer Simulations Shed New Light On Neutron Star Formation
2013-06-28 04:30:08

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) have, for the first time, created three-dimensional computer models in order to study the formation of neutron stars at the center of collapsing stars, officials from the German research center announced earlier this week. By creating what they call the most expensive and elaborate computer simulations of the process to date, the team of investigators confirmed,...

Chandra Discovers Supernova Remnant Emission Is Synchrotron Radiation
2013-06-26 16:32:40

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online Astronomers will be reporting details about a supernova remnant known as G1.9+0.3 in the upcoming issue of The Astrophysical Journal Letters. In 2008, a team of scientists discovered the remains of a supernova known to have occurred in the Milky Way, about 28,000 light years away from Earth. The explosion would have been visible from Earth a little more than a hundred years ago, assuming it was not obscured by dust and gas....

Supernova Gold Standard For Normal
2013-06-19 13:37:32

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A group of astronomers has released a dataset based on 32 nights of repeated observations of supernova 2011fe, creating a "gold-standard" atlas for Type 1a supernovae. Astronomers were able to catch supernova 2011fe just 12 hours after it exploded in the Pinwheel Galaxy in the Big Dipper. The supernova is easy to spot with binoculars, and has been nicknamed the Backyard Supernova. Researchers from the international Nearby Supernova...

Supernova Light Echo Detected
2013-06-05 13:28:46

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers discovered light echoing off of material surrounding a recent supernova explosion, supporting the theory that exploding white dwarfs become unstable from matter donated by large non-degenerate stars. The team detected the light echo coming off of SN 2009ig, making it the sixth and most luminous discovered from a type Ia supernova. A light echo works similarly in principle to the more familiar sound echoes heard on Earth....

First Biological Evidence Of Ancient Supernova
2013-05-09 09:20:27

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online In the early Universe the only elements capable of forming were hydrogen and helium. All subsequent atoms are created by massive stars: the lighter members by nuclear fusion in their cores, with much of the rest created during supernovae as atoms are collided at incredible energies leading to nucleosynthesis. Some of the elements produced have long half-lives, sticking around to lay the foundation for new stars, planets and...

Black Hole Birth In A Cosmic Flash
2013-05-05 06:07:14

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Stars sustain themselves by fusing elements in their core, producing even heavier atoms, releasing energy that keeps the immense force of gravity at bay. But eventually, the fusion process will no longer produce enough outward radiation pressure to sustain the star, and it will begin to collapse in on itself. In the grandest of cases, the progenitor is a truly massive object, perhaps tens or hundreds of times the mass...


Latest Supernovae Reference Libraries

6_c21be0ecb1b565a9be109a383c38223f2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f5
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_dac4e7d6b8fb5cf3a1458d796b90d7a92
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f4
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Nova -- A nova is an enormous nuclear explosion caused by the accretion of hydrogen onto the surface of a white dwarf star. When a white dwarf has a close companion star, the companion will often begin to have its outer atmosphere drawn away from it by the white dwarf's gravity as the companion star ages and expands into a red giant. The gases so captured consist primarily of hydrogen and helium, the two principle constituents of matter in the universe. The gases are compacted on the...

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