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Latest Supernovae Stories

Crab Nebula Surprises Astronomers With Noble Gas Molecules
2013-12-13 04:31:42

[ Watch the Video: Supernova Remnant Shows Signs Of Noble Gas ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Astronomers from the UK have discovered argon hydride within the Crab Nebula, marking the first time that noble gas molecules have been detected in space, according to research appearing in Friday’s edition of the journal Science. As part of their study, Mike Barlow of the University College London Department of Physics and Astronomy and his colleagues used the...

Astronomers Find Youngest-Ever X-Ray Binary
2013-12-05 06:29:43

[ Watch the Video: Millisecond Pulsar with Magnetic Field Structure ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using data obtained from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Australia Telescope Compact Array, researchers have identified the remains of a supernova that exploded just 2,500 years ago, making it the youngest astronomical object of its kind ever discovered. The object is an X-ray binary located between 24,000 and 30,000 light years from Earth in the...

Tycho Supernova Mach 1000 Shock Wave
2013-11-26 15:49:52

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Somewhere in the Universe a star or stellar remnant is preparing to explode. Binary white dwarf systems can build up in mass as the compact object accretes mass from its companion. Eventually, the tiny ball of matter will explode in a brilliant event known as a supernova. The blast can glow for weeks or even months before eventually fading. However, the shock wave from the event will travel through the surrounding medium,...

Astronomers Say Supernova Will Be Visible From Earth Within 50 Years
2013-10-31 16:04:47

[ Watch the Video: Is There A Supernova In Your Future? ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A supernova is one of the most brilliant events to take place in the universe and astronomers at The Ohio State University have determined we will see one in the Milky Way Galaxy within the next 50 years. While the odds of actually seeing a star explode with the naked eye is very low during that time span, a supernova would be visible to specialized telescopes in the form of...

Legacy Of The X-ray Universe Preserved With Chandra Data Archive
2013-10-30 07:05:30

NASA Every year, October is designated as American Archive Month. While many people may think “archive” means only dusty books and letters, there are, in fact, many other types of important archives. This includes the use of archives for major telescopes and observatories like NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory. The Chandra Data Archive (CDA) plays a central role in the mission by enabling the astronomical community – as well as the general public – access to data collected by...

How Fast Does A Supernova Shockwave Travel? A Japan Team May Have The Answer
2013-08-13 14:51:55

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some of the most spectacular explosions this side of the Big Bang, supernovae generate unthinkable amounts of force and energy and new research from Keio University in Japan has measured the expansion velocity of a supernova shockwave for the first time. The shockwave measured by the research team was from the supernova remnant W44, which is located approximately 10,000 light years from Earth. Quantifying the expansion and kinetic...

Astronomers Detect Relatively Cool Supernova Remnant
2013-07-05 14:00:28

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of astronomers detected surprisingly low temperatures in the remnant of the supernova 1987A, helping to explain the mystery of why space is filled with dust grains and molecules. The team used the Herschel Space Observatory and Atacama Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA) to study the supernova remnant. They were able to find a vast reservoir of unexpectedly cold molecules and dust. "The powerful explosion...

Dark Energy Survey Will Look For Supernovae
2013-07-01 18:32:12

John P. Mills, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The greatest cosmological puzzle of the 21st century continues to be to measure, characterize and understand the source of dark energy, the apparent force that is driving the accelerating expansion of the Universe. One of the problems is that in order to make accurate measurements of the expansion rate, astronomers must measure the motions of distant galaxies, some near the very edge of the known Universe. At such great...

Stellar Collision Survivor New Type Pulsating Star
2013-06-28 14:54:18

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered that the brightness of the remnant of a stellar collision can vary in a way that scientists have not observed before. The team wrote in the journal Nature that these observations will allow astronomers to learn what happens when stars collide in binary systems. Stars like our Sun expand to become red giant stars when the hydrogen that fuels the nuclear fusion in their cores runs out. Binary stars will...


Latest Supernovae Reference Libraries

6_c21be0ecb1b565a9be109a383c38223f2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f5
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_dac4e7d6b8fb5cf3a1458d796b90d7a92
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f4
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Nova -- A nova is an enormous nuclear explosion caused by the accretion of hydrogen onto the surface of a white dwarf star. When a white dwarf has a close companion star, the companion will often begin to have its outer atmosphere drawn away from it by the white dwarf's gravity as the companion star ages and expands into a red giant. The gases so captured consist primarily of hydrogen and helium, the two principle constituents of matter in the universe. The gases are compacted on the...

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Word of the Day
omphalos
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.
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