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Latest Supernovae Stories

Bright And Dim Supernovae Teach Us A Lot
2012-11-20 10:13:34

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A type of oddly dim exploding star is probably a class of duds, a new study using supercomputer simulations finds, but one that could throw new light on the mysterious nature of dark energy. Thousands of exploding stars are classified as type Ia supernovae, and most of them look similar to each other. This is why astrophysicists use them as accurate cosmic distance indicators, they show that the expansion of the universe is...

Supernova Remnant Reveals Its Aftershock
2012-11-14 12:57:25

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new image released by the European Space Agency (ESA) shows the aftershock of a stellar explosion coming from supernova remnant W44. W44 is about 10,000 light-years away from Earth in a forest of dense star-forming clouds in the constellation of Aquila. ESA said the image is one of the best examples of a supernova remnant interacting with its parent molecular cloud. The supernova remnant measures about 100 light-years across....

Rare Supernovae Are The Most Luminous Ever Observed
2012-11-02 04:39:13

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team, including Raymond Carlberg of the University of Toronto's Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, has discovered the most-distant, super-luminous supernovae observed to date. The violent stellar explosions which caused these supernovae would have occurred soon after the Big Bang when the universe was much younger. "The objects are both unusually bright and unusually slow to fade. These are properties that...

Supernova Remnant Powered By Radioactive Decay Of Titanium
2012-10-18 04:20:39

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Radioactive titanium associated with supernova remnant 1987A has been directly detected by ESA's Integral space observatory. The glowing remnant around the exploded star has likely been powered by the decaying from this titanium for the last 20 years. The first space observatory that can simultaneously observe objects in gamma rays, X-rays and visible light, Integral's principal targets are violent explosions known as gamma ray...

2012-10-05 10:20:10

WASHINGTON, Oct. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Swift satellite recently detected a rising tide of high-energy X-rays from a source toward the center of our Milky Way galaxy. The outburst, produced by a rare X-ray nova, announced the presence of a previously unknown stellar-mass black hole. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) "Bright X-ray novae are so rare that they're essentially once-a-mission events and this is the first one Swift has seen," said...

Supernova Was Caused By A Yellow Supergiant
2012-09-29 06:47:07

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A team of Japanese researchers has discovered evidence that a yellow supergiant (YSG) was, in fact, the progenitor for a recently discovered supernova -- a discovery which they say raises serious questions regarding our understanding of the evolution of massive stars. Melina Bersten of the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU) and colleagues analyzed evidence and discovered that supernova...

Supernova Cause Revealed A Millennium Later
2012-09-28 10:32:37

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Just over 1,000 years ago, one of the brightest stellar events ever recorded in history occurred. Between April 30 and May 1, 1006, a supernova was widely observed by a number of civilizations across the globe. Now, more than a thousand years later, a research team led by the University of Barcelona, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC) and the Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (CSIC) has determined that SN 1006 was...

The Pencil Nebula, a strangely shaped leftover from a vast explo
2012-09-12 21:48:15

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online [ Watch the Video: Zooming in on the Pencil Nebula ] It seems a little early to already start decorating for Halloween, but the European Space Observatory has decided that it's never too early for a nebula shaped like a witch's broom. A new image of the Pencil Nebula shows a cloud of glowing gas making up part of a huge ring of wreckage left over after a supernova explosion that took place about 11,000 years ago. ESO has...

New Clues Into Kepler Supernova Explosion Reveal Power, Distance
2012-09-12 13:12:54

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A bright new star outshone even Jupiter in 1604 and then it dimmed over several weeks. Johannes Kepler and other sky watchers witnessed this event, and centuries later, the debris left from this stellar explosion is known at the Kepler supernova remnant. Astronomers have studied the Kepler supernova remnant for a long time trying to determine exactly what happened when the star exploded. New analysis of a long observation by NASA's...

Cosmic Superbubble Shows Its Bright Side
2012-08-31 11:01:49

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA has released a hauntingly beautiful composite image showing a superbubble in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). The LMC is a small satellite galaxy of the Milky Way located about 160,000 light years from Earth. A superbubble is a cavity, filled with 106 Kelvin gas blown into the interstellar medium by multiple supernovae and stellar winds, hundreds of light years across. These cavities are carved out of the surrounding gas by the...


Latest Supernovae Reference Libraries

6_c21be0ecb1b565a9be109a383c38223f2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

White Dwarf -- A white dwarf is a a star supported by electron degeneracy. A star like our Sun will become a white dwarf when it has exhausted its nuclear fuel. Near the end of its nuclear burning stage, such a star goes through a red giant phase and then expels most of its outer material (creating a planetary nebula) until only the hot (T > 100,000 K) core remains, which then settles down to become a young white dwarf. A typical white dwarf is half as massive as the Sun, yet only...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f5
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova Remnant -- A supernova remnant (SNR) is made up of the materials left behind by the gigantic explosion of a star in a supernova. There are two possible routes to this end: either a massive star may cease to generate fusion energy in its core, and collapse inward under the force of its own gravity, or a white dwarf star may accumulate material from a companion star until it reaches a critical mass and undergoes a similar collapse. In either case, the resulting supernova...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_dac4e7d6b8fb5cf3a1458d796b90d7a92
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Stellar Evolution -- Stellar evolution is the process of formation, life, and death of stars. It is one of the major topics of cosmogony. Star Birth and Life A star starts out as an enormous cloud of gas and dust many light-years across. Star formation begins when the cloud begins to condense under its own gravity. The processes that initiate this contraction are not fully understood. The cloud fragments fuse into stellar mass clouds known as protostars. Protostars do not emit...

6_19859ff34fd03d00777232e2520ce83f4
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Nova -- A nova is an enormous nuclear explosion caused by the accretion of hydrogen onto the surface of a white dwarf star. When a white dwarf has a close companion star, the companion will often begin to have its outer atmosphere drawn away from it by the white dwarf's gravity as the companion star ages and expands into a red giant. The gases so captured consist primarily of hydrogen and helium, the two principle constituents of matter in the universe. The gases are compacted on the...

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