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Latest Symbiosis Stories

Ants Can Learn Vibrational And Magnetic Landmarks
2012-03-09 03:00:15

Ants are equipped with a number of sophisticated navigation tools, including the ability to both learn and use vibrational and magnetic landmarks, as reported Mar. 7 in the open access journal PLoS ONE. Cornelia Buehlmann, led by Bill Hansson and Markus Knaden of the Max Planck Institute in Germany, trained desert ants with magnetic and vibrational landmarks relative to their nest. Then they tested the ants and showed that the training did in fact help them find their nest. Importantly,...

2012-03-09 00:04:50

Most plants live in symbiosis with soil fungi and are supplied with water and nutrients as a result. Based on the petunia, plant biologists at the University of Zurich have now discovered that a special transport protein is required to establish this symbiotic relationship. The targeted control of this protein could lead to greater harvests. About 80 percent of all terrestrial plants enter into a symbiotic relationship with fungi living in the soil. The fungi provide the plant with water,...

Image 1 - Hot Meets Cold At New Deep-Sea Ecosystem
2012-03-08 10:27:49

Habitats overlap at Jaco Scar in depths off Costa Rica Decades ago, marine scientists made a startling discovery in the deep sea. They found environments known as hydrothermal vents, where hot water surges from the seafloor and life thrives without sunlight. Then they found equally unique, sunless habitats in cold areas where methane rises from seeps on the ocean bottom. Could vents and seeps co-exist in the deep, happily living side-by-side? No one thought so. Until now....

2012-03-05 13:09:51

New mathematical model explains how hosts survive parasite attacks In nature, how do host species survive parasite attacks? This has not been well understood, until now. A new mathematical model shows that when a host and its parasite each have multiple traits governing their interaction, the host has a unique evolutionary advantage that helps it survive. The results are important because they might help explain how humans as well as plants and animals evolve to withstand parasite...

Heavy Metal Pollution Causes Severe Declines In Wild Bees
2012-03-01 04:26:51

Wild bees are important pollinators and numerous studies dealing with pollination of wild plants and crops underline their vital role in ecosystems functioning. While honey bees can be easily transported to various location when needed, wild bees' presence is dependent on the availability of high quality semi-natural habitats. Some crops, such as apples and cherries, and many wild flowers are more effectively pollinated by wild bees and other insects rather than managed honey bees....

2012-02-29 10:42:48

Some disease-causing parasites are known to favor one sex over the other in their host species, and such differences between the sexes have generally been attributed to differences in immune responses or behavior. But in a new article, published February 28 in the magazine section of the online, open-access journal PLoS Biology, David Duneau from Cornell University and Dieter Ebert from the University of Basel now propose that all sorts of characteristics that differ between the sexes of the...

2012-02-28 11:47:38

The major difference between plant and animal cells is the photosynthetic process, which converts light energy into chemical energy. When light isn't available, energy is generated by breaking down carbohydrates and sugars, just as it is in animal and some bacterial cells. Two cellular organelles are responsible for these two processes: the chloroplasts for photosynthesis and the mitochondria for sugar breakdown. New research from Carnegie's Eva Nowack and Arthur Grossman has opened a window...

Ants Remember Their Rivals' Scent
2012-02-22 05:49:02

Researchers from the University of Melbourne report they have found that ant colonies share a collective memory for the odor of ants in rival nests. According to the new research, the ants use the information to identify the rival ants and compete, similar to how sports fans know each other by wearing their teams' colors. Study leader Professor Mark Elgar from the University's Department of Zoology said the ant colony's collective memory helps give an edge in a competitive world by...

2012-02-21 15:10:48

Genome analysis of “living fossil” sheds light on the evolution of plants Atmospheric oxygen really took off on our planet about 2.4 billion years ago during the Great Oxygenation Event. At this key juncture of our planet´s evolution, species had either to learn to cope with this poison that was produced by photosynthesizing cyanobacteria or they went extinct. It now seems strange to think that the gas that sustains much of modern life had such a distasteful beginning....


Latest Symbiosis Reference Libraries

Sebae Clownfish, Amphiprion sebae
2013-02-17 07:52:18

Image Credit: Miles Wu/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 2.0) The sabae clownfish is a very rare species in the wild and is aggressive, especially as it matures. It is found in the northern Indian Ocean around India, Sri Lanka, Arabian Peninsula, Andaman Islands, Sumatra, Indonesia, and the Maldive Islands. This fish inhabits lagoons and coastal waters around reefs, at a depth range of 6 - 75 feet. This species of fish is the most popular fish for home aquariums. The body of the sabae clownfish is...

Saddleback Clownfish, Amphiprion polymnus
2013-02-09 09:11:17

Image Caption: Amphiprion polymnus at Tasik Ria House reef, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Credit: Jens Peterson/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) Saddleback clownfish are found in harbors and lagoons with a soft or sandy bottom, around reefs at depths from 6 - 90 feet. This fish is native to the Western Pacific, around China, Viet Nam, Gulf of Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, northern Australia, New Guinea, New Britain, and the Solomon Islands. The body of the saddleback clownfish ranges in color...

Convict Blenny, Pholidichthys leucotaenia
2013-01-03 15:48:38

The convict blenny lives in tunnels around coastal reefs and in shallow lagoons of the Western South Pacific, mainly from the Philippines to the Solomon Islands. The young of this fish will often swim in schools around the reef heads and ledges so tightly packed together they will look like one organism. This species, sometimes called a blenny and sometimes called a goby, actually it is neither. It is in a classification alone with one other species called a worm blenny. The convict blenny...

45_5be48d347149935ab7d04fdd256c85d1
2011-02-23 17:28:19

The Polydnaviruses (PDV) are a family of insect viruses that contain two genera: Ichnoviruses (IV) and Bracoviruses (BV). The ichnoviruses occur in ichneumonid wasps and bracoviruses in braconid wasps. The virus is composed of multiple segments of double-stranded superhelical DNA packaged in capsid proteins and a double layer or single layer envelope. The full genome of the virus is integrated into the genome of the wasps and the virus only replicates in specific cells in the female...

40_18e251273c83716513e79a1480e62c47
2005-09-12 10:19:57

The ants, one of the most successful groups of insects, are of particular interest because they form advanced colonies, and can constitute up to 15 percent of the total animal biomass of a tropical rainforest. They belong to the order Hymenoptera and are close relatives of the vespoid wasps. Ants appear in amber, found in central New Jersey, believed to be from the Cretaceous period. It is thought that they evolved from the wasps that had appeared during the Jurassic period. They are...

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Word of the Day
humgruffin
  • A terrible or repulsive person.
Regarding the etymology of 'humgruffin,' the OED says (rather unhelpfully) that it's a 'made-up word.' We might guess that 'hum' comes from 'humbug' or possibly 'hum' meaning 'a disagreeable smell,' while 'gruffin' could be a combination of 'gruff' and 'griffin.'