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Latest Synchrotron Stories

Research Quality X-rays Could Have Widespread Applications
2013-11-25 08:27:00

University of Nebraska-Lincoln Using a compact but powerful laser, a research team at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln has developed a new way to generate synchrotron X-rays. Although the high quality of synchrotron X-rays make them ideal for research ranging from the structure of matter to advanced medical images, access to the technology has been limited until now. Most traditional synchrotron X-ray devices are gigantic and costly, available only at a few sites around the world....

FTIR Spectro-microtomography Unveiled By Researchers
2013-08-06 07:04:48

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory An iconic moment in the history of Hollywood movie magic was born in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz when Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale stepped out of the black and white world of Kansas into the rainbow colored world of Oz. An iconic moment in the history of infrared imaging may have been born with the announcement of the first technique to offer full color IR tomography. A collaboration between researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence...

Coveted Nanocrystal Process Simplified
2013-06-25 12:29:07

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf A formation mechanism of nanocrystalline cerium dioxide (CeO2), a versatile nanomaterial, has been unveiled by scientists from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) and the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. The research results were published in the scientific journal Chemistry – A European Journal. This finding potentially simplifies and alleviates the existing synthetic processes of nanocrystalline CeO2 production....

Using Synchrotron X-rays To Put Flesh On The Bones Of Ancient Fish
2013-06-13 15:53:46

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Swedish, Australian and French researchers present for the first time miraculously preserved musculature of 380 million year old armored fish discovered in north-west Australia. This research will help scientists to better understand how neck and abdominal muscles evolved during the transition from jawless to jawed vertebrates. The scientific paper describing the discovery is published today in the journal Science. The team of scientists who...

ALBA Synchrotron Used For First Time As A Microscope To Determine Protein Structure
2013-04-10 09:55:24

Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona The structure of the protein LC8 is linked to cell division and medical applications A team led by David Reverter, a researcher at the Institute of Biotechnology and Biomedicine (IBB) of the UAB, has determined for the first time the three-dimensional structure of a protein pair: LC8 and Nek9. Depending on whether or not they bind, Nek9 ensures that the chromosomes group and separate correctly during cell division. By analysing the 3D structure,...

Diamond Light Source Opens New Laboratory
2013-02-19 04:57:00

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Diamond Light Source, the United Kingdom's national synchrotron facility, will be helping scientists shine a little more light on serious viruses, such as those responsible for AIDS, with its new laboratory, Crystal. The new laboratory uses intense X-rays to help reveal the molecular and atomic structure of objects and materials, helping scientists to see the inner workings of pathogens and infections. "Crystal provides unique...

X-rays Help Understand How Mechanical Action May Lead To Greener Chemistry
2012-12-03 10:33:46

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Solvents are omnipresent in the chemical industry, and are a major environmental and safety concern. Therefore the large interest in mechanochemistry: an energy-efficient alternative that avoids using bulk solvents and uses high-frequency milling to drive reactions. Milling is achieved by the intense impact of steel balls in a rapidly moving jar, which hinders the direct observation of underlying chemistry. Scientists have now for the first time...

Airborne Particulates Investigated
2012-06-27 13:37:38

For the first time, Lawrence Livermore researchers and international collaborators have peered into the makeup of complex airborne particulate matter so small that it can be transported into human lungs -- usually without a trace. The structure of micron-size particulate matter is important in a wide range of fields from toxicology to climate science (tobacco smoke and oil smoke particles are typically one micron in size). However, its properties are surprisingly difficult to measure in...

Soot Particles Measured In Flight
2012-06-27 12:53:57

"For the first time we can actually see the structure of individual aerosol particles floating in air, their 'native habitat'," said DESY scientist Henry Chapman from the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) in Hamburg. "This will have important implications for various fields from climate modelling to human health." CFEL is a joint venture of Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, the German Max Planck Society and the University of Hamburg. Aerosol particles like soot play...

2012-06-14 12:30:05

A team of researchers has developed a new microscope that can image the elemental and magnetic properties of a wide range of energy-important materials that are used in devices such as solar cells and solid-state lighting. The imager is based on a technique known as X-ray excited luminescence microscopy (XELM). It was created by hitching a standard optical microscope to a synchrotron X-ray source. Synchrotrons produce X-rays and other forms of electromagnetic radiation by sending electrons...