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Last updated on April 24, 2014 at 12:48 EDT

Thorax Reference Libraries

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Esophagus
2013-04-30 13:37:01

The esophagus is the muscular tube that is located between the pharynx and the stomach that aids in digestion during swallowing. Formation and Orientation The esophagus is composed of four separate layers; the mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa and the adventitia. The mucosa includes the stratified squamous epithelium, lamina propria and muscularis mucosae. The submucosa houses the...

Thymus
2013-03-04 12:56:08

The thymus gland is an endocrine organ of the immune system located anteriolateral to the trachea and in between the lungs. Its primary function is to build T lymphocytes for the body’s immune system; therefore, it is most important during childhood and puberty, when it reaches its maximum size. After puberty, it will begin to atrophy and shrink in size. Old age generally brings about...

Trachea
2013-01-18 11:28:50

The trachea, commonly called the windpipe, is the air passage-way from the mouth to the lungs. Non-fish vertebrae all have a trachea. The moist with mucus walls of the tube-like structure trap inhaled particles to keep them from entering the lungs. Structure The trachea is an open-ended cylindrical structure that starts at the larynx and ends at the bifurcation. It is about one inch in...

Lung
2013-01-01 15:53:59

The lung is a vital organ that is a part of the respiratory system. Generally a person has two lungs; however, the body can function with only one. The lung’s main function is to move oxygen and carbon dioxide into and out of the bloodstream through gas exchange. The lungs are located lateral to the heart in the thoracic cavity. Each lung has a tip called the apex, which is superior in the...

Esophagus
2012-07-01 19:23:24

The Esophagus is an organ which consists of a muscular tube through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach. During swallowing, food passes from the mouth through the pharynx into the esophagus and travels to the stomach via peristalsis -- a radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles that propagate in a wave downward. The word esophagus is derived from the Greek...