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Togaviruses Reference Libraries

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Venezuelan equine encephalitis
2011-02-23 21:21:50

Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus is a mosquito-borne viral pathogen that causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis or encephalomyelitis (VEE). It can affect all equine species, such as horses, donkeys, and zebras. Equines may suddenly die or show progressive central nervous system disorders after infection. It is contractible by humans and will usually experience flu-like symptoms when...

Semliki Forest virus
2011-02-23 20:55:25

The Semliki Forest virus was isolated from mosquitoes in the Semliki Forest in 1942. It can cause disease in both animals and man. It's an Alphavirus found in central, eastern, and southern Africa. It is a positive-stranded RNA virus. It is spread mainly by mosquito bites and infects mammals through inhalation or gastrointestinal exposure. The virus can cause lethal encephalitis in rodents;...

Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus
2011-01-11 12:50:11

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEE), also called sleeping sickness or Triple E, is a zoonotic alphavirus and arbovirus that exists in the Americas and the Caribbean. It was first seen in Massachusetts in 1831 when 75 horses died of encephalitic illness. It is often associated with coastal plains. EEE was first isolated from the brain of an infected horse in 1933. In 1938 the first human...

Word of the Day
humgruffin
  • A terrible or repulsive person.
Regarding the etymology of 'humgruffin,' the OED says (rather unhelpfully) that it's a 'made-up word.' We might guess that 'hum' comes from 'humbug' or possibly 'hum' meaning 'a disagreeable smell,' while 'gruffin' could be a combination of 'gruff' and 'griffin.'