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Transition metals Reference Libraries

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Aluminum
2009-06-19 16:25:24

Aluminum (or aluminium) is a soft, lightweight, silvery metal. It is an element in the boron group on the periodic table of elements, with the symbol Al and atomic number 13. On the earth's crust, aluminum is the most abundant metal, and the third most abundant of all elements on the earth's crust, after oxygen and silicon. It accounts for 8% of the weight of the Earth's solid surface....

Aurichalcite
2005-05-26 12:12:27

Aurichalcite is a mineral, usually found as a secondary mineral in copper and zinc deposits. Its chemical formula is (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6. The name probably originates from the Greek oreichalchos meaning "mountain copper".

Cadmium
2005-05-26 12:02:30

Cadmium is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Cd and atomic number 48. A relatively rare, soft, bluish-white, toxic transition metal, cadmium occurs with zinc ores and is used largely in batteries. Notable characteristics Cadmium is a soft, malleable, ductile, bluish-white bivalent metal which can be easily cut with a knife. It is similar in many respects to zinc...

Cobalt
2005-05-26 11:18:13

Cobalt is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Co and atomic number 27. Notable characteristics Cobalt is a hard ferromagnetic silver-white element. The Curie temperature is of 1388 K with 1.6~1.7 Bohr magnetons per atom. It is frequently associated with nickel, and both are characteristic ingredients of meteoric iron. Mammals require small amounts of cobalt salts....

Copper
2005-05-26 11:10:00

Copper is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Cu and atomic number 29. Notable characteristics Copper is a reddish-coloured metal, with a high electrical and thermal conductivity (among pure metals at room temperature, only silver has a higher electrical conductivity). Copper may well be the oldest metal in use, as copper artifacts dating to 8700 BC have been...

Hafnium
2005-05-26 10:45:58

Hafnium is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Hf and atomic number 72. A lustrous, silvery gray tetravalent transition metal, hafnium resembles zirconium chemically and is found in zirconium minerals. Hafnium is used in tungsten alloys in filaments and electrodes and also acts as a neutron absorber in nuclear control rods. Notable characteristics This is a shiny...

Lead
2005-05-26 09:40:46

Lead is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Pb (L. Plumbum) and atomic number 82. A soft, heavy, toxic and malleable poor metal, lead is bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes to dull gray when exposed to air. Lead is used in building construction, lead-acid batteries, bullets and shot, and is part of solder, pewter, and fusible alloys. Lead has the highest atomic...

Manganite Manganese oxide
2005-05-26 09:07:13

Manganese is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Mn and atomic number 25. Notable characteristics Manganese is a gray-white metal, resembling iron. It is a hard metal and is very brittle, fusible with difficulty, but easily oxidized. Manganese metal is ferromagnetic only after special treatment. The most common oxidation states of manganese are +2, +3, +4, +6...

Molybdenite
2005-05-26 08:39:47

Molybdenite is a mineral of molybdenum disulfide, MoS2. Similar in appearance and feel to graphite, molybdenite has a lubricating effect which is produced by its structure of close-spaced parallel cleavage planes. Finely powdered MoS2, with particle sizes in the 1-100 µm range, is a common technical dry lubricant. It is also often mixed into various oils or greases, which allows mechanisms...

Pyrolusite
2005-05-25 18:56:05

Pyrolusite is a mineral consisting essentially of manganese dioxide (Mn02) and is important as an ore of manganese. It is a soft, black, amorphous mineral, often with a granular, fibrous or columnar structure, sometimes forming reniform crusts. It has a metallic luster, a black or bluish-black streak, and readily soils the fingers. The specific gravity is about 4.8. Pyrolusite and...

Word of the Day
plim
  • To swell, as grain or wood with water.
The word 'plim' is probably a variant of the word 'plum'.
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