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2010-04-26 11:14:59

Cocaine toxicity due to drug overdose results in more than half a million emergency room visits annually. Despite these alarming statistics, there is no Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacotherapy specifically designed to treat cocaine toxicity. Emergency medical personnel are limited to treating only the immediate life-threatening symptoms of patients, while toxic levels of cocaine and its metabolic break-down products persist and continue to damage the cardiovascular system, liver...

2010-02-01 15:55:00

Exciting new activities may help prevent relapse The brain's innate interest in the new and different may help trump the power of addictive drugs, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. In controlled experiments, novelty drew cocaine-treated rats away from the place they got cocaine. Novelty could help break the vicious cycle of treatment and relapse, especially for the many addicts with novelty-craving, risk-taking personalities, the authors said....

2010-01-14 12:41:35

Forensic pathologists have shown that over three per cent of all sudden deaths in south-west Spain are related to the use of cocaine. They believe their findings can be extrapolated to much of the rest of Europe, indicating that cocaine use is a growing public health problem in Europe and that there is no such thing as "safe" recreational use of small amounts of the drug. The study published in Europe's leading cardiology journal, the European Heart Journal [1] today (Wednesday 13 January),...

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2010-01-02 08:45:00

A recent study shows that a bacterial protein may help cocaine addicts break the habit. Cocaine esterase (CocE) is a naturally-occurring bacterial enzyme that breaks down cocaine, thereby reducing its addictive properties. The efficacy of CocE in animals and its suitability for treatment of addiction has been limited by its short half-life in the body. A recent study, published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and reviewed by Faculty of 1000 Medicine's Friedbert...

2009-11-30 20:44:53

New treatments aimed at strengthening inhibitory control could help prevent relapse When asked to inhibit their response to a "cocaine-cues" video, active cocaine abusers were, on average, able to suppress activity in brain regions linked to drug craving, according to a new study at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. The results, to be published in an upcoming issue of NeuroImage, suggest that clinical interventions designed to strengthen these inhibitory...

2009-10-22 13:23:21

Adult male monkeys exposed to cocaine while in the womb have poor impulse control and may be more vulnerable to drug abuse than female monkeys, even a decade or more after the exposure, according to a new study by researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine. The findings could lead to a better understanding of human drug abuse. The study was presented yesterday at the annual Society for Neuroscience meeting in Chicago. "This is the first time that so many different measures of...

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2009-08-17 10:55:00

Trace amounts of cocaine can be found in up to 90 percent of all paper currency in the US, according to a new study. Yuegang Zuo, of the University of Massachusetts in Dartmouth, presented his team's findings to the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society on Sunday. Zuo and his colleagues conducted chemical analyses of bills from more than 30 cities in five countries, including the US, Canada, Brazil, China and Japan. The study showed that cocaine use appears to be rampant in parts...

2009-06-29 17:48:13

Police in Florida say a man was arrested after dropping small plastic bags containing marijuana and cocaine into a bank deposit canister with $200 in cash. Tallahassee police said Wachovia Bank employees called authorities about 4:30 p.m. June 24 to report a man in a white sport utility vehicle in the bank's drive-through lanes had sent a canister containing $200, a deposit slip and two plastic bags -- one containing marijuana and one containing white powder -- the Tallahassee Democrat...

2009-06-18 11:11:24

The Mexican navy said it has seized 1,967 pounds of cocaine that was being smuggled inside of frozen sharks. Navy inspectors in the port town of Progreso on the southeastern shore of Mexico said they slit open one of the frozen sharks after detecting an anomaly on an X-ray and black bags filled with rectangular cocaine packets spilled out, CNN reported Friday. The navy said a total 870 packets of cocaine, about 1,967 pounds, were seized from the shark shipment. Officials said the freight ship...

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2009-06-11 06:40:00

According to a nationwide research study released on Wednesday, cocaine abuse in England rose significantly in the five years between 2003 and 2008.  Experts say the increase can be attributed to the substance's cheapness, availability and increased social acceptance. The study pointed to London, with an estimated 47,000 users, as the vital center of cocaine use in the UK. Surrounding regions, however, are beginning to catch up to the trend-setting capitol and the wave of use is quickly...


Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'