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Latest Tropical diseases Stories

2013-11-15 10:43:35

First placebo-controlled study in adults with Chagas disease highlights urgent need to scale up treatment for millions of patients at risk According to results of the first-ever Phase 2 clinical trial in Bolivia, conducted by the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi), the experimental drug candidate E1224 showed good safety and was effective at clearing the parasite that causes Chagas disease, but had little to no sustained efficacy one year after treatment as a single medication....

Mystery Surrounds Isolated Dengue Fever Outbreaks In United States
2013-11-15 09:03:40

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Dengue fever, an infectious tropical disease carried by several species of mosquito in the genus Aedes, has been showing up in Key West and the Florida mainland, potentially exposing millions of people to a disease that can lead to life-threatening illness. While the dengue virus is mysteriously working its way up into Florida, researchers are equally as puzzled as to why the dangerous illness has not yet become common in and...

2013-11-14 13:04:52

Lower doses of the antimalarial drug primaquine are as effective as higher doses in reducing malaria transmission, according to a study published today in Lancet Infectious Diseases by London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine researchers. Primaquine is one of the few antimalarial drugs that targets the transmission stages of the malaria parasite, the gametocytes, and is therefore considered to be an important tool for malaria elimination. However, standard doses of the drug...

2013-11-14 12:45:34

Partners agree on approach for developing vaccines capable of reducing malaria cases by 75 percent, and to enable malaria elimination The world should aim to have vaccines which reduce malaria cases by 75 percent, and are capable of eliminating malaria, licensed by 2030, according to the updated 2013 Malaria Vaccine Technology Roadmap, launched today. This new target comes in addition to the original 2006 Roadmap's goal of having a licensed vaccine against Plasmodium falciparum malaria,...

2013-11-14 12:27:49

Novartis' Chairman of the Board Dr. Joerg Reinhardt and Time Warner Inc.'s Gary Ginsberg were also honored for their contributions to the fight against malaria NEW YORK, Nov. 14, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In an inspiring awards dinner Monday night, Malaria No More presented Former United States Secretary of State and Former Senator from New York Hillary Rodham Clinton with the Global Leadership Award. Secretary Clinton was honored for her remarkable commitment and...

2013-11-07 20:21:58

TOKYO and NEW YORK, Nov. 7, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT Fund), a new public health partnership that is bringing Japanese know-how and investment to the global fight against infectious diseases, announced today grants of US$5.7 million to six global partnerships working on innovative drugs and vaccines against malaria, tuberculosis and Chagas disease. "Our six new investments in potential treatments for malaria, tuberculosis and...

2013-11-05 10:26:49

An 83 percent improvement in efficacy in the drug most commonly used to treat leishmaniasis The Amphotericin B (AmB) is the main active ingredient in the most effective drug used to treat leishmaniasis, a disease which in the Western world mainly affects dogs, but in developing countries affects over 12 million people, with more than 70,000 deaths per year. The cost of treating humans with AmB surpasses $5,000 per patient, the treatment is extensive (2-hour sessions every day during 21...

2013-11-01 11:22:32

Inaction has jeopardized the health and economic well-being of millions A leading cause of heart disease remains overlooked in North America's most impoverished communities, researchers said today in an editorial published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. Chagas disease has rendered a heavy health and economic toll, yet insufficient political and medical support for gathering specific data, providing diagnosis and treatment, and developing new tools has impeded much-needed...

2013-11-01 11:08:22

Analysis could apply to tracking infection risks in other urban areas Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a severe chronic systemic disease caused by the protozoa (Leishmania infantum) in South America, the Mediterranean, southwest and central Asia. These parasites lodges in defense cells and compromises the spleen, liver and bone marrow, becoming fatal if left untreated. The parasites are transmitted to human and animal hosts by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies with dogs as the main urban...

2013-10-29 00:21:49

FIRST SHIPMENT TO BENEFIT MORE THAN 6 MILLION PEOPLE IN 4 ENDEMIC COUNTRIES WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Oct. 28, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Eisai Co., Ltd. (Headquarters: Tokyo, President & CEO: Haruo Naito, "Eisai") announced today that it has begun the free supply of diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC) 100 mg tablets produced at its Vizag Plant in India to the World Health Organization (WHO) in line with its commitment to help WHO in its global effort to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in...


Latest Tropical diseases Reference Libraries

0_57c89d5bd133fff5bf10b17b705f87c1
2011-03-04 17:38:30

Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease with a 40 to 50 nm enveloped RNA virus with positive sense of the Flaviviridae family. It is transmitted by the bite of female mosquitoes and is found in tropical and subtropical areas in South America and Africa, but not in Asia. Primates and a few kinds of mosquitoes are the only known hosts. The origin of the disease is most likely Africa. From there it was introduced to South America through the slave trade in the 16th century. There...

45_bc02a98a30585718c34a7eee0900e51d
2011-02-25 18:53:25

West Nile virus (WNV) is a virus of the family Flaviviridae. It is part of the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of viruses and is found in both tropical and temperate regions. It primarily infects birds but can infect humans, horses, dogs, cats, bats, and other mammals. Humans are generally infected through the bites of mosquitoes and about 90% of West Nile Virus infections are without symptoms. The virion is 45-60 nm and covered with a relatively smooth protein surface. It is...

0_99e0cdc2371acc110d3f6ea58dc5b0d31
2011-02-17 16:29:01

Marburg virus, or Marburg, is the standard name for the genus of viruses Marburgvirus which contains the species, Lake Victoria Marburgvirus. It causes Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever (MHF) which originated with primates. It originated in Africa and can infect humans and primates. It is in the same taxonomic family as Ebola and both are identical structurally although they elicit different antibodies. It was named after the location of the first outbreak in Marburg, Germany in 1967. The...

0_b3d737125981cbedce0bb0c8511e6b65
2011-02-17 15:14:03

Lassa fever, first described in 1969 in Lassa, is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever. Clinical cases were known a decade before this but were not associated with this viral pathogen. It is endemic in West African countries and causes approximately 5,000 deaths. The Natal Multimammate Mouse is the primary animal host. The rodent is a source of protein but the virus is usually transmitted by the contact with the feces and urine of animals accessing grain stores in residences. The lassa virus...

69_91adf9a2d64d7fdcac1a7b084facc7ac
2011-01-12 16:33:15

Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), caused by the dengue virus, is among the spectrum of acute febrile tropical disease and is transmitted by mosquitoes. Occurring mainly in the tropics it can be life threatening and is caused by four closely related virus stereotypes of the genus Flavivirus. It was identified and named in 1779. It has a nickname of "breakbone fever" due to it causing sever generalized bodyache. It tends to be more prevalent in the urban districts of its range...

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