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Latest TRPA Stories

Improving The Skin's Response To UVA Light
2013-01-22 05:41:26

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A group of researchers from Brown University have demonstrated that certain skin cells use a light-sensitive receptor found outside of the eye to detect ultraviolet light and quickly begin producing melanin to prevent DNA damage. The same team, in a new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has identified a key player in that biomolecular chain of events that could become a pharmacological target for...

2011-12-15 16:26:29

A discovery in fruit flies may be able to tell us more about how animals, including humans, sense potentially dangerous discomforts. Researchers at Duke University Medical Center uncovered naturally occurring variations of a gene named TRPA1 that is important for the function of pain-sensing neurons throughout the animal kingdom. The gene makes an ion channel, which floods sensory neurons with calcium ions when the fly is near a heat source, causing fruit fly larvae to respond with a...

Addressing Pain And Disease On The Fly
2011-12-07 09:29:43

How fruit flies can teach us about curing chronic pain and halting mosquito-borne diseases Studies of a protein that fruit flies use to sense heat and chemicals may someday provide solutions to human pain and the control of disease-spreading mosquitoes. In the current issue of the journal Nature, biologist Paul Garrity of the National Center for Behavioral Genomics at Brandeis University and his team, spearheaded by KyeongJin Kang and Vince Panzano in the Garrity lab, report how fruit...

2011-05-16 18:02:11

All animals face the challenge of deciding which chemicals in the environment are useful and which are harmful. A new study greatly improves our understanding of how animals sense an important class of potentially harmful chemicals: weak acids. The study appears online on May 16 in the Journal of General Physiology (www.jgp.org). Weak acids like acetic acid (vinegar) and propionic acid (present in fermented foods like Swiss cheese) are shunned by many animals, and with good reason. Many...

2011-01-19 13:20:39

Combination of sensory and molecular approaches identify receptor sensitive to anti-inflammatory compounds Scientists from the Monell Center and collaborators report that a receptor known as TRPA1 is activated by two structurally unrelated anti-inflammatory compounds. The first, oleocanthal, is a natural polyphenolic anti-inflammatory agent uniquely found in extra virgin olive oil; while the second, ibuprofen, is an over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). The...

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2010-09-29 09:25:00

Fizzy beverages light up same pain sensors as mustard and horseradish, a new study shows -- so why do we drink them? You may not think of the fizz in soda as spicy, but your body does. The carbon dioxide in fizzy drinks sets off the same pain sensors in the nasal cavity as mustard and horseradish, though at a lower intensity, according to new research from the University of Southern California. "Carbonation evokes two distinct sensations. It makes things sour and it also makes them burn. We...

2010-08-31 06:59:00

MUMBAI, India, August 31, 2010 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- - With This Announcement, Glenmark has Clearly Reaffirmed its Position Globally as the Leader in the TRP Space Glenmark Pharmaceuticals today announced the discovery of a Novel Chemical Entity(NCE) 'GRC 17536'. The new NCE program is targeting TRPA1 receptor antagonists for pain and respiratory disorders. TRPA1 belongs to Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) family of ion channels, which have generated a lot of interest as...

2010-06-09 21:37:37

A mutation that enhances the function of a specific ion channel has been identified as the cause of a rare inherited pain disorder. The research, published by Cell Press in the June 10 issue of the journal Neuron, proposes a potential treatment for the disorder and may lead to a better understanding of chronic pain in humans. There are multiple human neurological disorders that have been linked with mutations in ion channels. Ion channels are proteins that span the cell membrane and govern...

2010-03-17 16:32:42

Nature study reports that the molecular basis of detecting tissue-damaging chemicals goes back more 500 million years Waltham, MA -- Whenever you choke on acrid cigarette smoke, feel like you're burning up from a mouthful of wasabi-laced sushi, or cry while cutting raw onions and garlic, your response is being triggered by a primordial chemical sensor conserved across some 500 million years of animal evolution, report Brandeis University scientists in a study in Nature this week. Chemical...

2008-06-25 00:02:50

General anaesthetic can make the pain of operations worse for patients recovering after surgery by activating the body's "mustard receptors", researchers have found. Many of the drugs that send surgical patients to sleep are known to make them more sensitive to pain when they wake up. Scientists now believe they have discovered the reason for the side effect. The findings may help researchers develop new anaesthetics that are kinder to recovering patients. General anaesthetics all...


Word of the Day
barratry
  • The offense of persistently instigating lawsuits, typically groundless ones.
  • An unlawful breach of duty on the part of a ship's master or crew resulting in injury to the ship's owner.
  • Sale or purchase of positions in church or state.
This word ultimately comes from the Old French word 'barater,' to cheat.
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