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Latest Types of volcanic eruptions Stories

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2009-12-16 16:00:00

On Wednesday, the infamous Mayon volcano in the Albay province of the Philippines let off some steam, oozing lava and spewing ash into the atmosphere and prompting local authorities to evacuate more than 30,000 residents from the surrounding cities. According the chief state volcanologist Renato Solidum, the eruption was the 40th to occur in the last 400 years and consisted of five separate explosions"”the largest of which sent an plume of ash some 550 yards into the air from the top of...

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2009-11-23 15:05:07

A new study provides "incontrovertible evidence" that the volcanic super-eruption of Toba on the island of Sumatra about 73,000 years ago deforested much of central India, some 3,000 miles from the epicenter, researchers report. The volcano ejected an estimated 800 cubic kilometers of ash into the atmosphere, leaving a crater (now the world's largest volcanic lake) that is 100 kilometers long and 35 kilometers wide. Ash from the event has been found in India, the Indian Ocean, the Bay of...

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2009-10-08 14:34:51

Plinian volcanic eruptions are notoriously destructive. These very powerful eruptions often occur after long periods of quiescence and are preceded by relatively short periods of seismic restiveness. Volcanoes that tend to show this kind of behavior include Mount Vesuvius in Italy, Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippines and Mt. St. Helens in the USA. Professor Donald Dingwell of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) in Munich, together with Professor Jonathan Castro of the University of...

2009-10-01 11:55:58

Worldwide, thousands of workers die every year from mining accidents, and instantaneous coal outbursts in underground mines are among the major killers. But although scientists have been investigating coal outbursts for more than 150 years, the precise mechanism is still unknown. New research by scientists at the University of Michigan and Peking University in Beijing, China, suggests that the outbursts occur through a process very similar to what happens during explosive volcanic eruptions....

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2009-09-21 07:50:00

Scientists have found the "Rosetta Stone" of supervolcanoes, those giant pockmarks in the Earth's surface produced by rare and massive explosive eruptions that rank among nature's most violent events. The eruptions produce devastation on a regional scale "” and possibly trigger climatic and environmental effects at a global scale. A fossil supervolcano has been discovered in the Italian Alps' Sesia Valley by a team led by James E. Quick, a geology professor at Southern Methodist...

2009-08-07 18:12:26

 Scientists have placed high-tech "spiders" inside and around the mouth of Mount St. Helens, one of the most active volcanoes in the United States. Networks such as these could one day be used to respond rapidly to an impending eruption. On July 14, 2009, these spider pods were lowered by cable from a helicopter hovering about 100 feet up (30 meters) and gently put in hot spots inside and around the volcano crater."This project demonstrates that a low-cost sensor network system can...

2009-08-06 15:06:04

When Alaska's Kasatochi Volcano erupted on Aug. 7, 2008, it virtually sterilized Kasatochi Island, covering the small Aleutian island with a layer of ash and other volcanic material several meters thick. The eruption also provided a rare research opportunity: the chance to see how an ecosystem develops from the very first species to colonize the island.Next week, a team of researchers organized by the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will visit Kasatochi to look...

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2009-07-11 06:45:00

One of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines could be ready to erupt soon, experts at the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said on Friday. The institute changed its alert status on Friday for the Mayon mountain from "low-level unrest" to "moderate unrest", citing steam emissions and a ominous glow at the top of the 8,077-foot volcano in the Bicol region. The changed alert status only represents a transition from level 1 to 2 of its 5-level scale, but authorities are...

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2009-07-08 09:40:30

U.S. scientists said they have determined the eruption of Indonesia's Toba volcano about 74,000 years ago triggered a decade-long severe winter. Previous studies suggested the massive eruption produced a 1,000-year episode of ice sheet advance, as well as a volcanic winter, which most likely would have drastically reduced the human population at the time. To investigate additional mechanisms that might have enhanced and extended the effects of the Toba eruption, Rutgers University Professor...

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2009-07-01 08:45:00

Alaska's Mount Redoubt has gradually slowed down in activity since the last eruption three months ago. The Alaska Volcano Observatory said on Tuesday that seismic activity has calmed down and the eruptions may have stopped. The observatory has dropped the alert levels for the areas around the mountain. Several eruptions starting in March interrupted air traffic and covered Anchorage, the Kenai Peninsula and Wasilla with ash. Due to prior events, geologists felt that the eruptions would be...


Latest Types of volcanic eruptions Reference Libraries

Irazú Volcano
2014-10-04 18:35:23

Irazú Volcano, known as Volcán Irazú in Spanish, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Costa Rica. The origin of the volcano’s name is unknown, but it is thought to be a variant of the word Iztarú, which is the name of a village that was near the volcano, or a mixture of the words ara, meaning point, and tzu, meaning thunder. It is locally known as The Colossus due to large past eruptions. This volcano is located within Irazú Volcano National Park, which holds montane forests...

Rincón de la Vieja
2014-10-04 18:29:11

Rincón de la Vieja is an active complex volcano that is located in northwestern Costa Rica. Its name, meaning The Old Woman's Corner, refers to a legend that says that a woman’s lover was thrown into the volcano by her father, after which she lived on the volcano as a recluse. This volcano reaches 6,286 feet in elevation and is the tallest volcano in Rincón de la Vieja Volcano National Park. Visitors were once permitted to climb up to the crater, but a recent eruption caused this area to...

Mount Hudson
2014-10-04 18:07:58

Mount Hudson, also known as Volcán Hudson, is an active stratovolcano that is located in southern Chile, named after 9th-century Chilean Navy hydrographer Francisco Hudson. Its summit, which is covered in glaciers, holds a caldera that was created from a large eruption that occurred in 4750 BCE or 1890 BCE. Based on evidence found at the Los Toldos archaeological site, it is thought that the early eruption destroyed most settlements in the area at that time. Modern eruptions occurred in...

Nyamuragira
2014-10-04 17:56:14

Nyamuragira is an active shield volcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano, which is part of the Virunga Mountains, reaches an elevation of 10,033 feet and is the most active volcano in Africa. This volcano is shorter than Nyiragongo, which it shares an area with, and has a low shield profile. It holds a large amount of sulfur dioxide and is blamed for much of the volcano related sulfur dioxide content in the atmosphere. Nyamuragira has erupted over forty...

Imbabura Volcano
2014-10-04 17:36:59

Imbabura Volcano is an inactive stratovolcano that is located in Ecuador and is part of the southern Ring of Fire and one of many volcanoes created along an arc by the subductions of the Coolyo Plate underneath the South American Plate. This volcano was shaped by strombolian eruptions, which are less violent than plinian eruptions and are characterized by the expulsion of lapilli, lava bombs, and cinders as well as the accumulation of tephra around the point of eruption like a vent....

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