Latest Types of volcanic eruptions Stories
Government officials in the Philippines say that Mayon volcano could erupt violently within days, following a week of spectacular flows of lava and increasing volcanic quakes.
Scientists have unveiled video footage of the deepest underwater volcanic eruption, at a site where sweltering 2,500-degree lava explodes into cold water nearly a mile below the ocean surface.
Like an angry dog, a volcano growls before it bites, shaking the ground and getting "noisy" before erupting.
On Wednesday, the infamous Mayon volcano in the Albay province of the Philippines let off some steam, oozing lava and spewing ash into the atmosphere and prompting local authorities to evacuate more than 30,000 residents from the surrounding cities.
A new study provides "incontrovertible evidence" that the volcanic super-eruption of Toba on the island of Sumatra about 73,000 years ago deforested much of central India, some 3,000 miles from the epicenter, researchers report.
Plinian volcanic eruptions are notoriously destructive. These very powerful eruptions often occur after long periods of quiescence and are preceded by relatively short periods of seismic restiveness.
Worldwide, thousands of workers die every year from mining accidents, and instantaneous coal outbursts in underground mines are among the major killers. But although scientists have been investigating coal outbursts for more than 150 years, the precise mechanism is still unknown.
Scientists have found the "Rosetta Stone" of supervolcanoes, those giant pockmarks in the Earth's surface produced by rare and massive explosive eruptions that rank among nature's most violent events.
Scientists have placed high-tech "spiders" inside and around the mouth of Mount St. Helens, one of the most active volcanoes in the United States. Networks such as these could one day be used to respond rapidly to an impending eruption.
When Alaska's Kasatochi Volcano erupted on Aug. 7, 2008, it virtually sterilized Kasatochi Island, covering the small Aleutian island with a layer of ash and other volcanic material several meters thick.
Irazú Volcano, known as Volcán Irazú in Spanish, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Costa Rica. The origin of the volcano’s name is unknown, but it is thought to be a variant of the word Iztarú, which is the name of a village that was near the volcano, or a mixture of the words ara, meaning point, and tzu, meaning thunder. It is locally known as The Colossus due to large past eruptions. This volcano is located within Irazú Volcano National Park, which holds montane forests...
Rincón de la Vieja is an active complex volcano that is located in northwestern Costa Rica. Its name, meaning The Old Woman's Corner, refers to a legend that says that a woman’s lover was thrown into the volcano by her father, after which she lived on the volcano as a recluse. This volcano reaches 6,286 feet in elevation and is the tallest volcano in Rincón de la Vieja Volcano National Park. Visitors were once permitted to climb up to the crater, but a recent eruption caused this area to...
Mount Hudson, also known as Volcán Hudson, is an active stratovolcano that is located in southern Chile, named after 9th-century Chilean Navy hydrographer Francisco Hudson. Its summit, which is covered in glaciers, holds a caldera that was created from a large eruption that occurred in 4750 BCE or 1890 BCE. Based on evidence found at the Los Toldos archaeological site, it is thought that the early eruption destroyed most settlements in the area at that time. Modern eruptions occurred in...
Nyamuragira is an active shield volcano that is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This volcano, which is part of the Virunga Mountains, reaches an elevation of 10,033 feet and is the most active volcano in Africa. This volcano is shorter than Nyiragongo, which it shares an area with, and has a low shield profile. It holds a large amount of sulfur dioxide and is blamed for much of the volcano related sulfur dioxide content in the atmosphere. Nyamuragira has erupted over forty...
Imbabura Volcano is an inactive stratovolcano that is located in Ecuador and is part of the southern Ring of Fire and one of many volcanoes created along an arc by the subductions of the Coolyo Plate underneath the South American Plate. This volcano was shaped by strombolian eruptions, which are less violent than plinian eruptions and are characterized by the expulsion of lapilli, lava bombs, and cinders as well as the accumulation of tephra around the point of eruption like a vent....
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