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Latest Types of volcanic eruptions Stories

Trigger For Explosive Volcanic Eruptions Identified
2012-10-13 09:27:11

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists have identified a trigger for the largest explosive volcanic eruptions on Earth, according to a report published in the journal Scientific Reports. University of Southampton researchers investigated crystal cumulate nodules and their trapped magma to see what caused eruptions at the Las Cañadas volcanic caldera on Tenerife, in the Canary Islands. This volcano has generated at least eight major...

Indonesia Volcano Lets Out Roar Over Weekend
2012-10-08 14:49:15

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online An active Indonesian volcano erupted once again, spewing out clouds of ash and alarming residents as far as three miles away. Mount Lokon, a 5,214-feet volcano on northeast Sulawesi island, has been very active recently, and on Sunday it added another eruption to its track record. Since its biggest eruption in July 2011, when over 5,200 people were evacuated, Mount Lokon has erupted and spewed clouds of ash about 600 times....

Monogenetic Volcanoes Lead Violent Lives
2012-10-03 19:23:35

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new study is shedding light on the violent lives of monogenetic volcanoes, which erupt when magma and water meet. These volcanoes erupt beneath the surface of the Earth just once before dying, although some eruptions can last for years. Greg A. Valentine, PhD, a University at Buffalo geology professor, said not much is known about maar-diatremes volcanoes. "The hazards that are associated with these volcanoes tend to be...

Greek Island Volcano Ballooning With Magma, Eruptions Not Imminent Researchers Say
2012-09-10 11:42:44

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New scientific data from the Greek isle of Santorini has shown signs of unrest for the first time in more than 50 years, and could be evidence of an impending eruption similar to the one that last struck in 1950, but far less catastrophic than the one that wiped out Minoan settlements on the island of Crete some 3,600 years ago. The Santorini volcanic eruption circa-1650 BC formed a large crater, or caldera, which is now flooded...

Dinosaur Extinction Event Wasn't The First
2012-09-06 07:58:40

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Sixty-five million years ago, the most studied mass extinction in Earth's history happened and the dinosaurs were wiped off the planet. A new study from the University of Washington, published in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, indicates that a separate extinction came shortly before that, triggered by volcanic eruptions that warmed the planet and killed life on the ocean floor. A six-mile wide asteroid slamming...

Mount Tongariro Erupts In New Zealand
2012-08-07 13:59:40

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A long-dormant New Zealand volcano erupted on Monday, spewing an ash cloud that disrupted flights and closed highways. The Mount Tongariro volcano located in the middle of the North Island erupted for the first time after lying dormant for more than a century. The last activity the volcano had shown at the site was in 1897, officials said. Witnesses in the area reported seeing "flame-like explosions and a cloud of ash coming from a...

Pre-eruption Activity In Conduits Affect Volcanic Ejections
2012-07-24 13:53:55

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In addition to being fairly unpredictable, volcanoes can eject a wide range of material, from mile-high plums of black ash to a deadly hail of fist-sized pumice. These ejections travel extremely fast and can reach internal temperatures between 750 to 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit. The prevailing theory has been that the difference in particle size determined when bubbling magma deep below the volcano converts into a rising stream of gas and...

La Garrotxa: Researchers Pinpoint Youngest Volcanic Area In Spain
2012-07-24 12:52:30

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Although volcanic scientists are able to approximate the age of lava flows, determining the exact timing of each of a volcano´s eruptions has proved difficult in the past. A joint research team from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, University of Girona, the Catalan Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution (IPHES) and other organizations has looked to establish a chronology of eruptions in the...

Potential Eruption In Iceland Could Pump Acid Into European Airspace
2012-06-12 15:11:11

A modern recurrence of an extraordinary type of volcanic eruption in Iceland could inject large quantities of hazardous gases into North Atlantic and European flight corridors, potentially for months at a time, a new study suggests. Using computer simulations, researchers are investigating the likely atmospheric effects if a “flood lava” eruption took place in Iceland today. Flood lava eruptions, which stand out for the sheer amounts of lava and sulfurous gases they release and...

Warning Signs Of The 2011 Axial Seamount Eruption
2012-06-11 02:53:32

A team of scientists that last year created waves by correctly forecasting the 2011 eruption of Axial Seamount years in advance now says that the undersea volcano located some 250 miles off the Oregon coast gave off clear signals just hours before its impending eruption. The researchers´ documentation of inflation of the undersea volcano from gradual magma intrusion over a period of years led to the long-term eruption forecast. But new analyses using data from underwater hydrophones...


Latest Types of volcanic eruptions Reference Libraries

Hualālai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one hundred cinder cones and spatter cones. Although it does not hold a caldera at its summit, it does...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down, followed by a period of explosive and effusive eruptions that formed the islands that are present...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted on hardened lava flows, this volcano is not thought to pose a threat to inhabitants on the island....

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per year. One of Askja’s smaller craters holds a lake known as Öskjuvatn, which is often frozen over...

Santa María Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which was created during another eruption in 1922. These domes hold active vents and in 1929, part of the...

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