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Types of volcanic eruptions Reference Libraries

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Villarrica
2014-08-19 11:03:54

Villarrica, also known as Rucapillán, is an active stratovolcano that is located in Chile and is protected within Villarrica National Park. This volcano is one of five known volcanoes to have a lava lake within its crater and it often produces strombolian eruptions that contain lava flows and incandescent pyroclasts. It is one of three volcanoes that occur along the Gastre Fault Zone, along...

Hoodoo Mountain
2014-08-19 10:23:50

Hoodoo Mountain is flat-topped stratovolcano that is located in British Columbia, Canada and is part of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province and the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is thought to be potentially active and was named for the needle like projections that protrude from it. These lava spines, or hoodoos, reach heights of 492 feet, making it the most distinct mountain in that area of...

Huallai
2014-04-10 12:06:55

Hualālai is a dormant shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and is one of five volcanoes that form the island. It reaches an elevation of 8,271 feet and is thought to have emerged from the sea about 300,000 years ago, making it the third youngest volcano on the island. Its shape is rough compared to younger volcanoes and it holds three rift zones that are covered with over one...

Zubair Group
2014-04-10 10:08:46

Zubair Group, also known as Zubayr Group or Al Zubair Group, is a chain of volcanic islands belonging to Yemen that are located on top of a shield volcano in the Red Sea. Zubair Group The largest island, known as Zubair, is among the youngest islands, which also include Saba, Saddle, and Haycock. The shield volcano underneath the islands began a period of eruptions and eventually quieted down,...

Kohala
2014-04-10 10:03:58

Kohala is an extinct shield volcano that is located on the island of Hawaii and reaches an elevation of 5,480 feet. It is one of five volcanoes that comprise the island of Hawaii and is thought to be about one million years old, although it only emerged from the sea about 500,000 years ago. Because its last eruption is thought to have occurred about 120,000 years ago, based on studies conducted...

Askja
2014-04-09 16:13:20

Askja is an active stratovolcano that is located in the isolated central highlands in Iceland. It reaches an elevation of 4,974 feet and its name literally means caldera, or box, in the Icelandic language. The area can only be reached during a period of a few months and because it located in the rain shadow of the Vatnajökull glacier to the northeast, it only receives 17.7 inches of rain per...

Santa Mara Volcano
2014-04-09 10:58:40

Santa María Volcano is an active stratovolcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Sierra Madre, a string of volcanoes that stretches across the western side of Guatemala. The volcanoes in this string were formed by subduction activity, when the Cocos Plate moved under the Caribbean Plate. An eruption in 1902 produced a crater that now holds a lava dome known as Santiaguito, which...

Pacaya
2014-04-09 10:53:58

Pacaya is an active complex volcano that is located in Guatemala and is part of the Central American Volcanic Arc. It reaches and elevation of 8,373 feet and is located on a volcanic caldera, along with Lago de Amatitlán, that has been the cause of at least nine large explosive eruptions in the past 300,000 years. Its edifice collapsed about 1,100 years ago, producing a landslide that traveled...

Lake Toba
2014-04-08 13:26:50

Lake Toba, also known as Toba, is a supervolcano and lake that is located in Indonesia on the island of Sumatra. The volcano reaches an elevation of 2,953 feet and the lake stretches across an area of sixty-two miles and is the largest volcanic lake on earth. Toba holds a caldera complex that is comprised of four volcanic craters that overlap each other, the youngest of which is noted as the...

Hekla
2014-04-08 13:19:59

Hekla is an active stratovolcano that is located southern Iceland and is part of a volcanic ridge that extends over an area of twenty-five miles. This volcano reaches an elevation of 4,882 feet and holds a unique shape that is a mixture of a stratovolcano and crater row, a trait that is found in very few volcanoes. Its name is translated as “hooded” but it also refers to a hooded cloak, so...

Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'karpos', fruit.
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