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3469e531c2a1438de4f763d3991b8b651
2010-01-14 11:10:00

For more than two decades, the cold dark matter theory has been used by cosmologists to explain how the smooth universe born in the big bang more than 13 billion years ago evolved into the filamentary, galaxy-rich cosmic web that we see today. There's been just one problem: the theory suggested most galaxies should have far more stars and dark matter at their cores than they actually do. The problem is most pronounced for dwarf galaxies, the most common galaxies in our own celestial...

809e22814001beb0797cab2c5c1ffc651
2010-01-12 15:21:42

Alejandro Jenkins writes in Scientific American that life may exist -- in other universes Is there anybody out there? In Alejandro Jenkins' case, the question refers not to whether life exists elsewhere in the universe, but whether it exists in other universes outside of our own. While that might be a mind-blowing concept for the layperson to ponder, it's all in a day's work for Jenkins, a postdoctoral associate in theoretical high-energy physics at The Florida State University. In fact, his...

7d4391c02b7088ca69e1af2b5815790c1
2010-01-06 08:44:15

Scientists have made many discoveries about the origins of our 13 billion-year-old universe. But many scientific mysteries remain. What exactly happened during the Big Bang, when rapidly evolving physical processes set the stage for gases to form stars, planets and galaxies? Now astrophysicists using supercomputers to simulate the Big Bang have a new mathematical tool to unravel those mysteries, says Daniel R. Reynolds, assistant professor of mathematics at SMU. Reynolds collaborated with...

ec030e4977d8c7457ffe5c2b414eccb5
2009-11-02 15:10:00

A detailed picture of the seeds of structures in the universe has been unveiled by an international team co-led by a Cardiff University scientist. The team has obtained extremely precise data about the early universe, using a telescope near the South Pole in the Antarctic. Their measurements of the cosmic microwave background - a faintly glowing relic of the hot, dense, young universe - provide further support for the standard cosmological model of the universe. The findings confirm the...

224db1969621dee67d3773e5899abaa1
2009-09-01 13:20:00

Scientists using a continent-wide array of radio telescopes have made an extremely precise measurement of the curvature of space caused by the Sun's gravity, and their technique promises a major contribution to a frontier area of basic physics."Measuring the curvature of space caused by gravity is one of the most sensitive ways to learn how Einstein's theory of General Relativity relates to quantum physics. Uniting gravity theory with quantum theory is a major goal of 21st-Century physics,...

2009-08-06 13:22:47

Experiments by British scientists could reveal the make-up of the universe, the University of Liverpool said Thursday. The examinations will become part of the Advanced Gamma Tracking Array experiment, which seeks to create a so-called fingerprint of the inside of the atomic nucleus to help scientists understand the universe's structure, including humans and stars, the university said in a release. Scientists will analyze particle interactions that produce gamma rays, the university said, and...

2009-08-04 07:20:00

WESTLAKE VILLAGE, Calif., Aug. 4 /PRNewswire/ -- "Science shows that the conditions necessary for life are extraordinarily improbable. Life has four major prerequisites: a viable universe, the right atoms, a habitable environment and an effective genetic code. "Albert Einstein once said: 'What really interests me is whether God had any choices in the creation of the universe' -- meaning does the universe have to be the way it is due to the laws of physics and math, or could it have been...

d043f7a98ce114c2486ea0ff60fc7fb5
2009-07-01 06:30:00

Our Milky Way galaxy only survived because it was already immersed in a large clump of dark matter which trapped gases inside it, scientists led by Durham University's Institute for Computational Cosmology (ICC) found. The research, to be presented at an international conference today (Wednesday, July 1), also forms a core part of a new ICC movie charting the evolution of the Milky Way to be shown at the Royal Society. The researchers said that the early Milky Way, which had begun forming...

2009-06-11 09:31:01

U.S. astronomers using radio telescopes to measure the distance to a distant galaxy have created a yardstick for calibrating large astronomical distances. The radio astronomers said their yardstick also demonstrates an important method that could help determine the nature of the so-called dark energy that pervades the universe. We measured a direct, geometric distance to the galaxy, independent of the complications and assumptions inherent in other techniques, James Braatz of the National...

2009-06-04 09:19:34

Lee Smolin, author of the bestselling science book The Trouble with Physics and a founding member and research physicist at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada, writes exclusively in the June issue of Physics World explaining why theories of cosmology that suggest that our universe is just one of many - the so-called multiverse - and thus perpetuate the notion that time does not exist are flawed.Smolin explains how theories describing a myriad of possible...


Latest Universe Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

Physics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was part of natural philosophy until the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, when the natural...

10_92430632dfc26ec0245770cbd79d1d092
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Lyra Constellation -- Lyra (the lyre) is a prominent, although fairly small, northern constellation. It was one of Ptolemy's 48 constellations, and also counts among the modern 88 constellations. Its brightest star is Vega (Alpha Lyrae), which together with Altair (Alpha Aquilae) and Deneb (Alpha Cygni) forms the large asterism known as the Summer Triangle. Beta Lyr is a half separated (i.e. one of the stars reached its Rochevolume) eclipsing binary of a cream-white colour. The...

10_c868689f8d4d16b3abd0be1cb57f7fa22
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Cygnus Constellation -- Cygnus (the swan) is a northern constellation. It was one of Ptolemy's 48 constellations, and is also one of the 88 modern constellations. Because of the pattern of its main stars, it is sometimes called the Northern Cross (in contrast to the Southern Cross). The bird extends over the summer Milky Way, appearing to fly south. Notable features Cygnus contains several bright stars. Deneb, α Cygni, is an extremely brilliant star, very prominent despite...

10_229495c009fca33ec67cb53f830d8a202
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Centaurus Constellation -- Centaurus (the centaur) was one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and counts also among the 88 modern constellations. A constellation of the southern hemisphere, mentioned by Eudoxus (4th century B.C.) and Aratus (3rd century B.C.), Ptolemy catalogued thirty-seven stars in it. It contains Proxima Centauri, the red dwarf that is the nearest known star (other than the Sun) to Earth, as well as Alpha Centauri, which is a double star to which Proxima...

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Word of the Day
drawcansir
  • A blustering, bullying fellow; a pot-valiant braggart; a bully.
This word is named for Draw-Can-Sir, a character in George Villiers' 17th century play The Rehearsal.
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