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Latest University of Alabama at Birmingham Stories

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2011-04-01 08:15:28

A team of scientists in the United Kingdom and the United States has warned that the native fauna and unique ecology of the Southern Ocean, the vast body of water that surrounds the Antarctic continent, is under threat from human activity. Their study is published this week in the peer-reviewed journal Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. "Although  Antarctica is still the most pristine environment on Earth, its marine ecosystems are being degraded through the introduction of...

2011-03-30 13:40:51

Gliomas are brain invaders. A kind of malignant tumor cell, gliomas branch out like tendrils from a central tumor source, spreading cancer throughout the brain. Traditional therapies, such as cutting out the tumor surgically, can be ineffective if the cells have already spread. Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham may have come upon a way to stop a glioma invasion in its tracks, using a drug already approved for use in Europe. Much like early explorers of the Old West...

2011-03-10 09:11:00

BIRMINGHAM, Ala., March 10, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- PNP Therapeutics, Inc. -- an early-stage Birmingham-based biopharmaceutical company created from research conducted at Southern Research Institute and The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) -- today announced that several major objectives have been reached in the development of its therapeutic technology platform and proprietary products for the treatment of cancer. "A number of important regulatory and financial efforts came to...

2010-12-13 13:08:56

University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have pinpointed a protein that compromises the kidney's filtering ability, causing nephrotic syndrome, and demonstrated that a naturally occurring precursor of an acid in the body offers potential for treating some forms of the condition. The research was published online Dec. 12 in Nature Medicine. "This is a major breakthrough in understanding the development and treatment of kidney disease associated with proteinuria, the leakage of protein...

2010-11-25 08:14:40

(Ivanhoe Newswire) -- Fighting obesity may not be as clear cut as eating right and exercising. A recent study conducted at the University of Alabama at Birmingham demonstrates that there is much more to the obesity epidemic than meets the eye. Led by biostatistics professor David B. Allison, Ph.D., the study began with the analysis of previous data about little primates called marmosets, which was collected at the Wisconsin Non-Human Primate Center.  The population had gradually...

2010-11-24 10:03:47

So, why are we fat? And getting fatter? Most people would say it's simple: We eat too much and exercise too little. But University of Alabama at Birmingham obesity researcher David B. Allison, Ph.D., says that answer, while valid, may be a little too simple. Allison and colleagues think the more relevant question is this: Why do we eat too much and expend too little energy? And like good detectives, they've set out to identify a suspect, or suspects, that may be contributing to the obesity...

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2010-11-18 06:25:00

A quick blast of radio waves to the nerves of the kidneys can help control high blood pressure in patients who do not respond to conventional treatment, researchers reported on Wednesday. The device works by selectively severing nerves leading to the kidney that play a key role in regulating blood pressure. In the study, the radio waves effectively lowered the top blood pressure reading by an average of 32 points after just six months, versus no change in those who took the best available...

2010-11-04 10:57:00

SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 4, 2010 /PRNewswire/ -- A new study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (JAGS) proves that the right kind of brain training can produce cognitive improvements that transfer to real-world skills. The study, available online and in the November 2010 issue of JAGS found that older drivers who completed 10 sessions of speed-of-processing training or reasoning training had an approximately 50 percent reduction in at-fault motor-vehicle collisions...

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2010-09-23 06:25:00

The parasite that causes the most deadly strain of malaria in humans appears to have originally crossed the species barrier from gorillas, researchers reported on Wednesday. The scientists analyzed DNA from the droppings of some 3,000 gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos, and found that the strain of malaria parasite most common in humans is virtually identical to one of many strains that infect gorillas. Beatrice Hahn of the University of Alabama at Birmingham and colleagues used the droppings...

2010-09-03 13:03:30

Cigarette smoke shuts off a key enzyme in airways that regulates the body's response to inflammation, according to findings from the University of Alabama at Birmingham published online today at Science Express. The UAB researchers say smoke inhibits the enzyme, called Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase (LTA4H), causing it to fail in its job of shutting down white blood cells following a successful response to inflammation. The team says the research study identified a previously unknown substrate of...