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Latest University of Bristol Stories

2013-09-16 10:51:59

New research has revealed that more ice leaves Antarctica by melting from the underside of submerged ice shelves than was previously thought, accounting for as much as 90 per cent of ice loss in some areas. Iceberg production and melting causes 2,800 cubic kilometers of ice to leave the Antarctic ice sheet every year. Most of this is replaced by snowfall but any imbalance contributes to a change in global sea level. For many decades, experts have believed that the most important process...

Researchers Develop Multi-Party Computation Security Protocol
2013-09-09 19:35:12

Peter Suciu for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online Last year, researchers in the United States and Europe reported finding an unexpected vulnerability in the encryption system commonly used to provide privacy and security for online shopping and banking websites, but now new research into cryptography could result in more secure computing. A new, collaborative study that was conducted between the University of Bristol and Aarhus University could result in changes in securing...

2013-09-04 11:43:41

Removing one of the tiniest organs in the body has shown to provide effective treatment for high blood pressure. The discovery, made by University of Bristol researchers and published in Nature Communications, could revolutionize treatment of the world's biggest silent killer. The carotid body — a small nodule (no larger than a rice grain) found on the side of each carotid artery — appears to be a major culprit in the development and regulation of high blood pressure. Researchers,...

End-Permian Mass Extinction Paved Way For Modern Mammals
2013-08-28 16:19:55

Peter Suciu for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Mass extinction certainly sounds like it would be the end of the line, and perhaps even evokes images of the end of the world. However, new research conducted by the University of Lincoln, the National Museum in Bloemfontein, South Africa, and the University of Bristol suggests that the end can also be the beginning. This research, which was published this month in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, noted that the ancient closest...

Birds Help Solitary Lemurs Avoid Danger
2013-07-06 05:16:20

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Madagascan Sahamalaza sportive lemur (Lepilemur sahamalazensis) is an endangered species that scientists know very little about. A new study, led by the University of Bristol reveals that the sportive lemur uses the alarm calls of birds and other lemurs to warn it of the presence of predators, the first time this behavior has been observed in a nocturnal and solitary lemur species. Prior to this study, scientists knew that the...

2013-05-07 11:03:24

Scientists show potential impact of therapy in reducing transmission in UK, Canada and Australia Around 150 million people globally are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) — a major cause of liver disease and the fastest growing cause of liver transplantation and liver cancer. 1 New prevention strategies are urgently required as people are continuing to be infected with HCV. Findings, published in Hepatology, reveal the impact of a new antiviral treatment that could...

2013-04-12 16:01:57

Large helpers (nannies) in a cichlid fish allow the dominant male and female to reduce their personal contribution to their offspring and territory, according to new research published today in Functional Ecology. By removing the large helper for 30 days — which corresponds to one breeding cycle in this species — a team from the University of Bristol and the University of Bern (Switzerland) studied the investment strategies of the dominant pair and the survival of their brood,...

The Emotion Of Literature Reflects Real Historical Events
2013-03-21 15:48:05

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using five million books digitized by Google in recent years as a database, the research team looked at how often words that carry emotional content, or 'mood words,´ were used throughout the 20th Century. Previous work by one of the researchers, Vasileios Lampos from the University of Bristol in the UK, looked at the word content of Twitter messages in...

Healthy Infants Slow To Gain Weight Likely To Catch Up With Peers
2013-02-25 19:38:21

Jason Pierce, MSN, MBA, RN for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Newly published research findings from the University of Bristol found infants who demonstrated slower than average growth during the first nine months of life were likely to catch up with their peers over time. This should be reassuring to anxious parents of otherwise healthy babies who fall outside of the established growth curves. A child´s growth is tracked using charts, such as those developed by the...

2013-02-01 13:14:47

New research has shown the presence of a disease affecting small blood vessels, known as microangiopathy, in the bone marrow of diabetic patients. While it is well known that microangiopathy is the cause of renal damage, blindness and heart attacks in patients with diabetes, this is the first time that a reduction of the smallest blood vessels has been shown in bone marrow, the tissue contained inside the bones and the main source of stem cells. These precious cells not only replace old...


Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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