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Latest University of Bristol Stories

2011-10-20 13:09:47

Scientists have been unclear for some time about how most probiotics work. A new study has found a scientific 'design' for a probiotic that could be used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn's disease. The research by academics at the University of Bristol's School of Veterinary Sciences and the School of Clinical Medicine is published online in the journal PLoS ONE. Most probiotics on the market, such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, are lactic acid bacteria....

2011-10-18 13:10:49

A new study has shown that racehorses are extremely sensitive to changes in daily light and, contrary to humans, can adapt very quickly to sudden shifts in the 24-hour light-dark cycle, such as those resulting from a transmeridian flight, with unexpected benefits on their physical performance. The research led by academics in the University of Bristol's Faculty of Medical and Veterinary Sciences is published in the Journal of Neuroendocrinology. This is the first study of its kind to...

2011-10-17 17:10:40

New research has shown for the first time that omega-3 in fish oil could "substantially and significantly" reduce the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis. According to the University of Bristol study, funded by Arthritis Research UK and published in the journal Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, omega-3-rich diets fed to guinea pigs, which naturally develop osteoarthritis, reduced disease by 50 per cent compared to a standard diet. The research is a major step forward in showing that...

2011-10-17 14:19:45

Within the next 20 years it is expected the number of people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) will double from its current figure of half a million to one million. A new study has looked at whether certain types of drugs used to treat high blood pressure, also called hypertension, might have beneficial effects in reducing the number of new cases of Alzheimer's disease each year. The team of researchers from the University of Bristol have looked at whether drugs already being used to treat...

2011-10-13 10:27:06

Subordinate male cichlid fish who help with the childcare for the dominant breeding pair are occasionally actually the fathers of some of the offspring they help to rear, according to new research from the University of Bristol published today in PLoS ONE. This sneaky paternity increases the subordinate fish´s investment in the offspring in their care. The highly social cichlid fish Neolamprologus pulcher, endemic to Lake Tanganyika in Africa, live in social groups consisting of a...

2011-10-13 10:25:22

New research has found that stem cells derived from human cord blood could be an effective alternative in repairing heart attacks. At least 20 million people survive heart attacks and strokes every year, according to World Health Organization estimates, but many have poor life expectancy and require continual costly clinical care.  The use of patient´s own stem cells may repair heart attacks, although their benefit may be limited due to scarce availability and ageing.  The...

Early Screening, Treatment Of HIV Yields Impressive Gains In Life Expectancy
2011-10-12 10:06:48

People currently living with HIV can to live 15 years longer using improved HIV treatments over the past decade or so, according to a new study published in the British Medical Journal today.  Earlier diagnosis combined with timely treatment can increase life expectancy. Although life expectancy for HIV patients remains less than in the general population, dramatic progress in reducing side effects from drugs, offering them as combination therapies and earlier treatments have helped...

2011-10-06 12:42:11

Findings could pave the way for more effective tissue repair treatments Scientists have discovered how cells detect tissue damage and modify their repair properties accordingly. The findings, published today [6 October] in the journal Developmental Cell, could open up new opportunities for improving tissue repair in patients following illness or surgery. The Wellcome Trust-funded study, led by biochemists at the University of Bristol, examined the signaling process in damaged tissue...

2011-10-03 19:59:11

New research, led by psychologists at the University of Bristol, has found that children who are familiar with a snack food will expect it to be more filling. This finding, published (online ahead of print) in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is important because it reveals one way in which children over-consume snack foods and increase their risk of becoming overweight. Children are at risk of obesity due to consumption of energy-rich snack foods that are often high in calories...

2011-09-21 12:56:52

New research has found public sector workers are typically more pro-socially motivated than their private sector counterparts. The University of Bristol study, published today [21 Sep], examined motivational indicators in workers from both sectors across 51 countries. But there are some nations where the reverse is true and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)-funded study, led by academics in the University's Centre for Market and Public Organisation, explored whether...


Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'