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Latest University of California, San Francisco Stories

Breast Cancer Mutation Linked To Early Onset Menopause
2013-01-30 09:42:51

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Scientists from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) recently conducted a study that showed a significantly earlier onset of menopause for women who inherited a mutation in one of the breast cancer susceptibility (BRCA) genes. These genes, known as BRCA1 or BRCA2, are tumor suppressor genes, meaning that they prevent uncontrolled cell growth. The study is of particular importance as it points to the possibility...

2013-01-28 15:46:24

The spread of breast cancer to distant organs within the body, an event that often leads to death, appears in many cases to involve the loss of a key protein, according to UC San Francisco researchers, whose new discoveries point to possible targets for therapy. In the January 27, 2013 online edition of Nature Cell Biology, UCSF scientists describe for the first time how the protein, known as GATA3 – which is abnormal or absent in many cases of human breast cancer – normally...

2013-01-23 10:49:40

Commentary sheds light on approval process for implantable body parts Technological advancements in medicine have allowed patients suffering from musculoskeletal conditions such as hip and knee pain to regain mobility and live relatively pain-free. But some "high risk" surgical devices that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are not required to go through clinical trials, where a product is tested to determine its safety and effectiveness. "This could be...

2013-01-17 10:35:47

New research in Nature concludes the eye — which depends on light to see — also needs light to develop normally during pregnancy. Scientists say the unexpected finding offers a new basic understanding of fetal eye development and ocular diseases caused by vascular disorders — in particular one called retinopathy of prematurity that can blind premature infants. The research, led by scientists at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and the University of...

2013-01-07 10:06:25

Surgery ranks as the most cost-effective type of treatment, according to UCSF-led study The most comprehensive retrospective study ever conducted comparing how the major types of prostate cancer treatments stack up to each other in terms of saving lives and cost effectiveness is reported this week by a team of researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Appearing in the British Journal of Urology International, the work analyzed 232 papers published in the last...

2012-12-17 16:32:42

The pelvic exam, a standard part of a woman's gynecologic checkup, frequently is performed for reasons that are medically unjustified, according to the authors of a UCSF study that may lay the groundwork for future changes to medical practice. The research shows that many physicians mistakenly believe the exam is important in screening for ovarian cancer. The study, which surveyed obstetricians and gynecologists around the country, also shows that doctors continue to perform the exam in...

Mechanisms Behind Response To Gentle Touch Discovered
2012-12-10 05:47:22

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A team of University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) researchers has reportedly discovered the group of nerve cells responsible for communicating the sensation of gentle touch in fruit flies -- and possibly in humans and other organisms as well -- potentially shedding light on one of most mysterious senses in all of biology. In their research, which has been published online by the journal Nature, the UCSF researchers studied...

Acute Kidney Injury Cases On The Rise
2012-12-08 07:27:29

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Severe acute kidney injuries (AKI) increased an average of 10 percent per year from 2000 to 2009, more than doubling over that time period, according to a new study by research from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). The study, which is published this week in the online edition of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), discovered these injuries, which describe a sudden, rapid decline in the...

2012-12-03 16:53:17

UCSF scientists use tiny zebrafish to screen for drugs to help control obesity, diabetes, other conditions A tiny, translucent zebrafish that glows green when its liver makes glucose has helped an international team of researchers identify a compound that regulates whole-body metabolism and appears to protect obese mice from signs of metabolic disorders. Led by scientists at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), the work demonstrates how a fish smaller than a grain of rice...


Word of the Day
holluschickie
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'
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