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Latest University of California, Santa Cruz Stories

Astronomers Find Clouds Of Primordial Gas From The Early Universe
2011-11-11 04:10:18

For the first time, astronomers have found pristine clouds of the primordial gas that formed in the first few minutes after the Big Bang. The composition of the gas matches theoretical predictions, providing direct evidence in support of the modern cosmological explanation for the origins of elements in the universe. Only the lightest elements, mostly hydrogen and helium, were created in the Big Bang. Then a few hundred million years passed before clumps of this primordial gas condensed to...

New Model May Explain Magnetized Moon Rocks
2011-11-10 06:06:46

A team of scientists has proposed a novel model for the generation of a global magnetic field in the ancient moon, something that could help solve a decades-old mystery about the presence of magnetized rocks on the moon´s surface. Since the moon currently has no global magnetic field, these rocks have puzzled experts since the days of the Apollo program. The Earth´s magnetic field exists because it has a spinning solid core surrounded by hot metallic liquid, which churns...

2011-11-02 07:10:00

SAN JOSE and SANTA CRUZ, Calif., Nov. 2, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Like most technology firms, DataCare Corporation (http://www.datacare.com) is always looking for talented and well-educated technical professionals. According to Dr. Paulo Franca, President and Chief Technology Officer of DataCare Corporation, "DataCare has been very pleased to hire graduates of the University of California in general and of the University of California, Santa Cruz in particular." But Dr. Franca adds, "As a...

Image 1 - West Nile Virus Transmission Linked To Land-Use Patterns And "Super-spreaders"
2011-10-21 03:52:03

Spread highest in urbanized and agricultural habitats After its initial appearance in New York in 1999, West Nile virus spread across the United States in just a few years and is now well established throughout North and South America. Both the mosquitoes that transmit it and the birds that are important hosts for the virus are abundant in areas that have been modified by human activities. As a result, transmission of West Nile virus is highest in urbanized and agricultural habitats....

2011-10-20 22:48:09

Robins play a key role in transmission of West Nile virus across much of North America After its initial appearance in New York in 1999, West Nile virus spread across the United States in just a few years and is now well established throughout North and South America. Both the mosquitoes that transmit it and the birds that are important hosts for the virus are abundant in areas that have been modified by human activities. As a result, transmission of West Nile virus is highest in urbanized...

2011-10-11 14:45:00

MOFFETT FIELD, Calif., Oct. 11, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA has released an interactive, educational video game called NetworKing that depicts how the Space Communication and Navigation (SCaN) network operates. The release of the video game coincides with the close of World Space Week, Oct. 4-10. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) Developed by the Information Technology Office at NASA's Ames Research Center at Moffett Field, Calif., NetworKing gives...

Image 1 - Researchers Detect High Energies Coming From Crab Pulsar
2011-10-06 14:03:01

Astrophysicists have detected pulsed gamma-ray emissions from the Crab pulsar with energies that exceed 100 billion electron-volts (GeV). These gamma-ray pulses surpass what current theoretical models of pulsars can explain.  The pulses were detected by the VERITAS telescope array at the Whipple Observatory in Arizona. Nepomuk Otte, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Santa Cruz, said some researchers had told him he was crazy to even look for pulsar emission...

Scientists Release Most Accurate Simulation Of The Universe
2011-09-30 04:35:17

'Bolshoi' supercomputer simulation provides new benchmark for cosmological studies The Bolshoi supercomputer simulation, the most accurate and detailed large cosmological simulation run to date, gives physicists and astronomers a powerful new tool for understanding such cosmic mysteries as galaxy formation, dark matter, and dark energy. The simulation traces the evolution of the large-scale structure of the universe, including the evolution and distribution of the dark matter halos in...

Fish Caught Using A Tool
2011-09-28 12:51:31

[ Watch the Video ] The first video of tool use by a fish has been published in the journal Coral Reefs by Giacomo Bernardi, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. In the video, an orange-dotted tuskfish digs a clam out of the sand, carries it over to a rock, and repeatedly throws the clam against the rock to crush it. Bernardi shot the video in Palau in 2009. "What the movie shows is very interesting. The animal excavates sand to...

NASA Announces California Tweetup To Tour Airborne Observatory
2011-09-28 04:12:27

NASA will host a Tweetup for 50 of its Twitter followers on Oct. 14 at the agency's Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif. The Tweetup includes a tour of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) aircraft, which will visit Ames. SOFIA is a highly modified Boeing 747SP aircraft that carries a telescope with a 100-inch reflecting mirror to conduct astronomy research not possible with ground-based telescopes. SOFIA is housed at NASA's Dryden Aircraft Operations...