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Latest University of Illinois Stories

Computer Model Optimizes Biofuel Operations
2012-01-18 05:00:56

Research into biofuel crops such as switchgrass and Miscanthus has focused mainly on how to grow these crops and convert them into fuels. But many steps lead from the farm to the biorefinery, and each could help or hinder the growth of this new industry. A new computer model developed at the University of Illinois can simplify this transition, researchers say. The model can run millions of simulations, optimizing operations to bring down costs, reduce greenhouse gas emissions or achieve...

2012-01-09 11:33:16

Those making land use decisions to reduce the harmful effects of climate change have focused almost exclusively on greenhouse gases — analyzing, for example, how much carbon dioxide is released when a forest is cleared to grow crops. A new study in Nature Climate Change aims to present a more complete picture — to incorporate other characteristics of ecosystems that also influence climate. "We know that forests store a lot of carbon and clearing a forest releases carbon dioxide...

Scientists Create Self-Healing Electronic Chips
2011-12-22 13:35:25

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign say they are a step closer to developing electronic chips that heal themselves. The scientists created a circuit that heals itself when cracked by using a liquid metal that restored conductivity. They said their work could eventually lead to longer-lasting gadgets, as well as helping out in spacecrafts “Rather than having to build in redundancies or to build in a sensory diagnostics system, this material is designed...

2011-12-20 21:31:16

When one tiny circuit within an integrated chip cracks or fails, the whole chip — or even the whole device — is a loss. But what if it could fix itself, and fix itself so fast that the user never knew there was a problem? A team of University of Illinois engineers has developed a self-healing system that restores electrical conductivity to a cracked circuit in less time than it takes to blink. Led by aerospace engineering professor Scott White and materials science and...

2011-11-17 03:40:03

Emissions regulations do have an environmental impact, according to a long-term study of acidic rainfall by researchers at the University of Illinois. The National Atmospheric Deposition Program collects rainfall samples weekly from more than 250 stations across the United States and analyzes them for pollutants. The program recently released a report detailing trends in acidic rainfall frequency and concentration over 25 years, from 1984 to 2009. "This is the longest-term, widest-scale...

Insects Offer Clues To Ancient Climate Variability 10,000
2011-11-15 11:55:51

An analysis of the remains of ancient midges — tiny non-biting insects closely related to mosquitoes — opens a new window on the past with a detailed view of the surprising regional variability that accompanied climate warming during the early Holocene epoch, 10,000 to 5,500 years ago. Researchers at the University of Illinois and the University of British Columbia looked at the abundance and variety of midge larvae buried in lake sediments in Alaska. Midges are highly...

Image 1 - Hospital Tests Reveal Mummy's Secrets
2011-11-03 05:04:43

An ancient Egyptian mummy has had quite an afterlife, traveling more than 6,000 miles, spending six decades in private hands, and finally, in 1989, finding a home at the World Heritage Museum (now the Spurlock Museum) at the University of Illinois. The mummy's travels did not end there, however. It has made two trips to a local hospital — once in 1990 and again this year — for some not-so-routine medical exams. Egyptologists, a radiologist, a pathologist, a physical...

2011-10-17 10:00:00

U of I/Newell Instruments âœRe_homeâ Finishes in Top Ten of DOEâs Solar Decathlon Competition Warren, New Jersey (PRWEB) October 17, 2011 AppliedSensor, a designer and manufacturer of chemical sensor components, announced today that its iAQ-100 intelligent Indoor Air Quality Module is installed in the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaignâs (U of I) âœRe_home.â The solar-powered house...

Reducing Jet Noise By Controlling Turbulence
2011-09-13 06:08:00

  Supercomputing aids scientists in developing a novel technique to reduce jet noise Airlines and aircraft manufacturers are under increasing pressure to keep noise levels low for airport personnel and for people in surrounding neighborhoods. In fact, about every 10 years, the International Civil Aviation Organization, whose recommendations influence policies in the United States and abroad, reduces the maximum noise an airplane can produce before it can be certified and sold to...


Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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