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Latest University of Maryland School of Medicine Stories

2010-06-03 16:23:16

Differences seem divided between ethnic groups; Scientists hope research leads to personalized medicine The delicate balance of microbes in the vagina can vary greatly between healthy women, according to a new study led by the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Institute for Genome Sciences. Researchers hope further study will lead to personalized reproductive medicine for women, allowing doctors to tailor each woman's treatment and health maintenance strategies to her individual...

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2010-03-01 12:40:00

Serious negative impact of cocaine found in subtle areas of attention, behavior control Children exposed to cocaine in the womb face serious consequences from the drug, but fortunately not in certain critical physical and cognitive areas as previously believed, according to a new comprehensive review of research on the subject from scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. When a pregnant woman uses cocaine, it can interrupt the flow of nutrients and oxygen to the baby,...

2010-02-04 12:13:03

Global partnership enabled testing in Mali, West Africa, where malaria threat is high A new vaccine to prevent the deadly malaria infection has shown promise to protect the most vulnerable patients "” young children "” against the disease, according to an international team of researchers led by the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Center for Vaccine Development (CVD) and the Malaria Research and Training Center at the University of Bamako in Mali, West Africa. In a new...

2010-02-01 13:02:10

University of Maryland survey asked about physical symptoms, discomfort among surgeons Surgeons who engage in minimally invasive, laparoscopic surgery are providing great benefits to their patients, but possibly to their own detriment. That's the finding of the largest survey ever conducted of surgeons in North America who perform laparoscopic procedures. The survey, developed at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore, found that 87 percent of laparoscopic surgeons have...

2009-11-25 13:24:23

Study provides first direct evidence of cigarette smoke's role in the death of transplanted hearts A study conducted at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore provides the first direct evidence that cigarette smoke exposure prior to a heart transplant in either the donor, recipient, or both, accelerates the death of a transplanted heart. The study, published this month in the journal Circulation, showed that tobacco smoke leads to accelerated immune system rejection of the...

2009-11-03 15:01:58

Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have made an important discovery about why potassium builds up to dangerous levels in the bloodstream, a relatively common medical problem that affects about eight percent of hospitalized patients. They have identified a new molecular pathway and a new class of molecules responsible for preventing potassium from being excreted normally through the kidney. Their study was just published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The...

2009-09-29 07:42:50

2-inch incision provides access to repair diseased valve Surgical treatment for mitral valve disease includes either repairing the patient's diseased valve or replacing it with a metal, mechanical valve or an animal tissue valve. The majority of those procedures are open-heart operations that require a major incision in the chest. Now, after a six-year study, surgeons at the University of Maryland Medical Center in Baltimore conclude that minimally invasive mitral valve repair techniques,...

2009-09-07 14:39:01

Findings reveal further detail about protein linked to inflammatory disorders It was nine years ago that University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers discovered that a mysterious human protein called zonulin played a critical role in celiac disease and other autoimmune disorders, such as multiple sclerosis and diabetes. Now, scientists have solved the mystery of zonulin's identity, putting a face to the name, in a sense. Scientists led by Alessio Fasano, M.D., have identified zonulin...

2009-07-29 13:40:00

Groundbreaking study seeks to explain major disparity in survival between blacks and whitesResearchers at the University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer have found that head and neck cancer patients who test positive for the human papillomavirus (HPV) have much better survival rates than patients who don't have the virus, according to a new study in the journal Cancer Prevention Research. The researchers also discovered that blacks in the study had a very low rate of HPV...

2009-07-21 05:00:00

Project SHALEM: Partnering with the Faith-Based Community to Test in a 'Safe Place' BALTIMORE, July 21 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Today, the JACQUES Initiative, a program of the Institute of Human Virology (IHV) at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, in partnership with the Maryland AIDS Administration, several local faith-based and community organizations kicked-off Project SHALEM during City Uprising Baltimore, a four day event sponsored by the Gallery Church Baltimore....