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Latest University of Nottingham Stories

Tiny Worms Could Hold Key To Living In Space
2011-11-30 09:14:58

Microscopic worms similar in biological makeup to human beings have returned from a successful space mission, proving for the first time that worms can survive in space. Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans), a worm family that originated in a rubbish dump in Bristol, England, were sent into space to give researchers a better understanding of how humans can survive in space -- if ever comes the time when we have to flee our planet and start anew elsewhere in the heavens. University of...

2011-11-28 16:56:49

The mast from a classic racing yacht and samples from a Forestry Commission breeding trial have played a key role in the search for sustainable biofuels. Cellulose is the most abundant organic polymer on earth – and therefore a potentially major source of glucose for the production of biofuels. But its structure in wood and plants is so complex it needs a combination of enzymes to degrade it – making the process difficult and costly. Now, for the first time, a team of...

What Are The Health Risks Of Childhood Obesity?
2011-11-17 03:53:38

It is widely suspected that the current wave of obesity among children will result in greater rates of cardiovascular disease and diabetes over the next few decades. But a second systematic review of research into childhood obesity and metabolic disease in adult life has shown there is little evidence of a direct link and suggests that treating obesity during childhood will remove any risk of lasting harm. This new study, and the second of its kind carried out by nutrition experts at The...

2011-10-24 12:08:59

Breakthrough finding by UC Riverside and the University of Nottingham researchers could lead to production of flood-tolerant crops As countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam and parts of the United States and United Kingdom have fallen victim to catastrophic flooding in recent years, tolerance of crops to partial or complete submergence is a key target for global food security. Starved of oxygen, crops cannot survive a flood for long periods of time, leading to drastic reductions...

2011-10-24 10:13:54

This week thousands of families lost their homes and crops as flood waters swept across Central America. In Thailand huge tracts of farmland were submerged as the country faced its worst flooding in 50 years. Across the globe agricultural production is at risk as catastrophic flooding becomes a world-wide problem. Prolonged flooding drastically reduces yields by cutting off the supply of oxygen crops need to survive. Now experts at The University of Nottingham, working in collaboration...

Acne Products Lack Proper Research
2011-08-30 12:48:41

  A new study has found that common acne products lack proper research in documenting their effectiveness. Clinical reviews by experts at the University of Nottingham say there is very little evidence to show which medications work best and question whether expensive treatments are any better than traditional ones. "The large number of products and product combinations, and the scarcity of comparative studies, has led to disparate guidelines with few recommendations being...

2011-08-17 13:30:11

A new risk prediction tool can identify patients at high risk of serious blood clots who might need preventative treatment, according to a study published on bmj.com. The tool, which can be found at www.qthrombosis.org, is based on simple variables which the patient is likely to know and could be easily integrated into GP computer systems to risk assess patients prior to hospital admission, long haul flights, or starting medications that carry an increased clotting risk. The condition, known...

2011-08-17 13:18:00

Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery but how do our brains decide when and who we should copy? Researchers from The University of Nottingham have found that the key may lie in an unspoken invitation communicated through eye contact. In a study published this week in the Journal of Neuroscience, a team of scientists from the University's School of Psychology show that eye contact seems to act as an invitation for mimicry, triggering mechanisms in the frontal region of the brain that...

2011-08-02 15:07:33

A revolutionary biodegradable pellet which slowly releases antibiotics into the middle ear could transform the lives of thousands of children who suffer from glue ear. Scientists at The University of Nottingham have developed the tiny controlled-release antibiotic pellet which can be implanted in the middle ear during surgery to fit grommets, or small ventilation tubes. Over a period of three weeks it will release effective quantities of antibiotics to target any infection which can, in up to...

2011-08-02 15:06:07

A new material that can retain and release heat according to specific temperature requirements could make a significant difference to the cost of heating and cooling buildings, scientists say. Researchers based at The University of Nottingham Ningbo China (UNNC) believe their invention "” which could be used in existing structures as well as new builds "” could offer considerable energy savings. The novel non-deformed energy storage phase change material (PCM) has the unique...