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Latest University of Vienna Stories

2011-06-27 23:39:40

Marine biologists of the University of Vienna publish in PNAS Marine shallow water sandy bottoms on the surface appear desert-like and empty, but in the interstitial space between the sand grains a diverse fauna flourishes. In addition to bacteria and protozoa numerous animal phyla have been found here, some only here. One of the strangest members of this interstitial fauna is Paracatenula, a several millimeters long, mouth and gut-less flatworm, which is found from tropical oceans to the...

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2011-06-13 06:20:00

The kea, a New Zealand parrot, and the New Caledonian crow are members of the two most intelligent avian families. Researchers from the Department of Cognitive Biology of the University of Vienna investigated their problem solving abilities as well as their innovative capacities. They are publishing two new studies "“ one in cooperation with members of the Behavioral Ecology Research Group in Oxford "“ in the scientific journals PLoS ONE and Biology Letters. Parrots and Corvids...

2011-04-25 16:22:58

Life on Earth would be impossible, without the metabolic capacities of the smallest of all living forms, the Bacteria and the Archaea. These microorganisms play a central role in global nutrient cycles, because they degrade organic matter to the smallest compounds, thus bringing them back to the atmosphere or recycling them for the synthesis of novel cells. "However, the great diversity and high numbers of Bacteria and Archaea in soils have only been detected relatively recently, with the...

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2011-04-06 09:39:29

The quantum physics of tailor-made organic macro-molecules "“ For the first time - as presented in Nature Communications - the quantum behavior of molecules consisting of more than 400 atoms was demonstrated by quantum physicists based at the University of Vienna in collaboration with chemists from Basel and Delaware. The international and interdisciplinary team of scientists thus sets a new record in the verification of the quantum properties of nanoparticles. In addition, an important...

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2010-07-28 13:40:53

According to a new study, dogs "automatically imitate" the body movements of their owners. This automatic imitation is a crucial part of social learning in humans. Austrian researchers found that the phenomenon of body movement causing the observer to move in the same way is evident in many other animals. The researchers say that it reveals clues about how this type of learning evolved. The study also suggests that the way in which people interact with and play with their dogs as they are...

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2010-05-20 12:41:40

One type of turtle possesses an extraordinary organ that lets the reptile breathe underwater and stay submerged for many months. Scientists have discovered that the common musk turtle has a tiny tongue lined with specialized buds.  The turtles use their tongues to exchange oxygen, solving a mystery of how these reptiles can remain submerged for so long. The findings were reported in the journal The Anatomical Record. "I was very surprised, I really didn't expect that," zoologist Egon...

2009-09-02 06:10:00

AVONDALE, Pa., Sept. 2 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In the paper, The Boundless Carbon Cycle, published in the September issue of Nature Geoscience, scientists from the University of Vienna, Uppsala University in Sweden, University of Antwerp, and the U.S.-based Stroud(TM) Water Research Center argue that current international strategies to mitigate manmade carbon emissions and address climate change have overlooked a critical player - inland waters. Streams, rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and...

2009-09-02 08:23:20

In a commentary "The Boundless Carbon Cycle", published in the September issue of "Nature Geoscience", scientists from the University of Vienna, Uppsala University in Sweden, University of Antwerp, and the U.S. based StroudTM Water Research Center argue that current international strategies to mitigate manmade carbon emissions and address climate change have overlooked a critical player - inland waters. Streams, rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and wetlands play an important role in the carbon...

2009-07-30 19:00:00

Nine-year-old children can and should learn how to perform CPR, a study of 147 Austrian schoolchildren indicates. After a four-month study of children who received six hours of life-support training, Fritz Sterz of the Medical University of Vienna found 86 percent performed CPR correctly, the university said in a news release Thursday. The usefulness of CPR training in schools has been questioned since young students may not have the physical and cognitive skills needed to perform such...

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2008-12-08 15:05:00

Researchers at the University of Vienna, Austria, suggest that dogs have a sense of fairness and jealousy. The team found that dogs would stop doing a simple task when not rewarded if another dog, which continues to be rewarded, is present "” demonstrating a sensitivity in dogs that was only previously found in primates. "Animals react to inequity," said Dr. Friederike Range, who lead a team of researchers testing animals at the school's Clever Dog Lab. "To avoid stress, we should try...


Word of the Day
abrosia
  • Wasting away as a result of abstinence from food.
The word 'abrosia' comes from a Greek roots meaning 'not' and 'eating'.