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Latest Ventromedial prefrontal cortex Stories

2013-04-24 14:53:44

fMRI shows unique brain regions are increasingly devoted to social self-evaluations during puberty A specific region of the brain is in play when children consider their identity and social status as they transition into adolescence -- that often-turbulent time of reaching puberty and entering middle school, says a University of Oregon psychologist. In a study of 27 neurologically typical children who underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at ages 10 and 13, activity in...

2013-04-18 18:59:17

Researchers look at ties between early social experiences and adolescent brain function Brains develop in the context of experience. Social experiences may be particularly relevant for developing neural circuits related to the experience of feeling or emotion. Factors such as negative life events and the quality of relationships may be especially influential. Adolescence is a key time to investigate how early social experiences contribute to brain development because it's a period of...

Confidence Starts In The Brain
2012-12-10 05:31:59

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online If it seems as though some people are more confident in the decisions that they make than others, it's because of differences in how their brains are wired, a team of UK researchers have discovered. Writing in the journal Nature Neuroscience, Professor Ray Dolan and colleagues from the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at University College London (UCL) have pinpointed the specific regions of the brain that work together to...

Stress During Infancy Affects Brain Development Of Females
2012-11-13 06:16:34

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison recently discovered that early family stress during infancy could be related to changes that occur in the daily brain function and anxiety of teenage girls. The data was pooled from a population study that looked at the relationship between stress and the developmental pathway of the brain. For female infants who lived in homes with stressed out mothers, they were more likely...

Food Choices Are Controlled By The Brain
2012-09-27 09:43:07

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Researchers from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) recently discovered that an individual´s internal struggle to choose between healthy and unhealthy food items is based off of neural processes in the brain. The findings of the study were recently published in The Journal of Neuroscience. "We seem to have independent systems capable of guiding our decisions, and in situations like this one, these systems...

Imaging Neural Pathways In Brain Show Intelligence Levels
2012-08-02 12:51:02

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online The brain is an intricate part of the body to say the least. And new research has focused on the effect of neural connectivity on one area of these intricacies, imaging a person's brain to estimate their level of intelligence. Researchers have long thought that overall brain size can affect individual variations in intelligence. A past study delved into this particular topic and demonstrated that the brain´s lateral...

2012-06-21 02:20:22

Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute (BSI) in Japan have uncovered two brain signals in the human prefrontal cortex involved in how humans predict the decisions of other people. Their results suggest that the two signals, each located in distinct prefrontal circuits, strike a balance between expected and observed rewards and choices, enabling humans to predict the actions of people with different values than their own. Every day, humans are faced with situations in which they...

2012-04-25 22:06:51

Study on smokers' brains may mark dawn of a new age in advertising Advertisers and public health officials may be able to access hidden wisdom in the brain to more effectively sell their products and promote health and safety, UCLA neuroscientists report in the first study to use brain data to predict how large populations will respond to advertisements. Thirty smokers who were trying to quit watched television commercials from three advertising campaigns, which all ended by showing the...

2012-02-13 23:13:22

It´s Valentine´s Day, he forgot to bring flowers, and somehow that painfully sad look on her face is simply not registering in his mind.  Could be it´s a problem in his prefrontal cortex? Neuropsychology researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital — The Neuro, McGill University, have found that two areas of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are critical for either detecting or distinguishing emotions from facial expressions.  People with damage...

2012-02-09 00:52:52

Strategy for maximizing uncertain rewards shows in MRI, math models Life shrouds most choices in mystery. Some people inch toward a comfortable enough spot and stick close to that rewarding status quo. Out to dinner, they order the usual. Others consider their options systematically or randomly. But many choose to grapple with the uncertainty head on. "Explorers" order the special because they aren't sure they'll like it. It's a strategy of maximizing rewards by discovering whether as yet...


Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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