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Latest Very Large Telescope Stories

ESO Takes A Deeper Look At Centaurus A Galaxy
2012-05-16 14:17:14

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] The strange galaxy Centaurus A is pictured in a new image from the European Southern Observatory (ESO). With a total exposure time of more than 50 hours this is probably the deepest view of this peculiar and spectacular object ever created. The image was produced by the Wide Field Imager of the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at ESO´s La Silla Observatory in Chile. Centaurus A, also known as NGC 5128 [1], is a peculiar massive elliptical galaxy with a...

Messier 55's Vast Ball Of Stars Imaged By ESO's VISTA
2012-05-09 10:53:23

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] A new image of Messier 55 from ESO's VISTA infrared survey telescope shows tens of thousands of stars crowded together like a swarm of bees. Besides being packed into a relatively small space, these stars are also among the oldest in the Universe. Astronomers study Messier 55 and other ancient objects like it, called globular clusters, to learn how galaxies evolve and stars age. Globular clusters are held together in a tight spherical shape by gravity. In...

APEX Captures Stunning Image Of Dust Near Orion's Belt
2012-05-02 12:52:36

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] A new image of the region surrounding the reflection nebula Messier 78, just to the north of Orion´s Belt, shows clouds of cosmic dust threaded through the nebula like a string of pearls. The observations, made with the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX) telescope[1], use the heat glow of interstellar dust grains to show astronomers where new stars are being formed. Dust may sound boring and uninteresting – the surface grime that hides the beauty...

Image 1 - VISTA Stares Deep into the Cosmos
2012-03-22 07:52:34

[ Watch the Video ] Treasure trove of new infrared data made available to astronomers ESO's VISTA telescope has created the widest deep view of the sky ever made using infrared light. This new picture of an unremarkable patch of sky comes from the UltraVISTA survey and reveals more than 200 000 galaxies. It forms just one part of a huge collection of fully processed images from all the VISTA surveys that is now being made available by ESO to astronomers worldwide. UltraVISTA is a...

Multicolor space nebula
2012-03-14 16:22:02

It has been widely known by astronomers that the earliest galaxies were much smaller than the large spiral and elliptical galaxies that exist now. As galaxies grow, they eat and put on weight, but exactly how they do this remains a mystery. Looking at a few, very carefully selected galaxies, astronomers are conducting a survey to determine how these galaxies grew during their “teenage” years, or the period between 3 and 5 billion years after the big bang theory. The team of...

2012-03-14 13:39:07

Astronomers have known for some time that the earliest galaxies were much smaller than the impressive spiral and elliptical galaxies that now fill the Universe. Over the lifetime of the cosmos galaxies have put on a great deal of weight but their food, and eating habits, are still mysterious. A new survey of carefully selected galaxies has focused on their teenage years – roughly the period from about 3 to 5 billion years after the Big Bang. By employing the state-of-the-art...

Image 1 - Galaxies Get Up Close And Personal
2012-03-07 13:17:52

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] VST captures collisions in young galaxy cluster The VLT Survey Telescope (VST) at ESO´s Paranal Observatory in Chile has imaged a fascinating collection of interacting galaxies in the Hercules galaxy cluster. The sharpness of the new picture, and the hundreds of galaxies captured in great detail in less than three hours of observations, attest to the great power of the VST and its huge camera OmegaCAM to explore the nearby Universe. The Hercules galaxy...

Image 1 - Earth's Reflection From Moon Helps Search For Life Outside Our Solar System
2012-03-01 05:28:12

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] An international team of astronomers has found evidence of life in the Universe — right here on Earth — after pointing one of the world´s largest telescope at the Moon.  While the observation might seem trivial, it has helped perfect a technique that could lead to future discoveries of life outside our solar system. The researchers used the European Southern Observatory´s Very Large Telescope (VLT) to look at Earthshine reflected from...

Image 1 - Carina Nebula Stars In Stunning New VLT Photo
2012-02-08 14:05:25

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] ESO´s Very Large Telescope has delivered the most detailed infrared image of the Carina Nebula stellar nursery taken so far. Many previously hidden features, scattered across a spectacular celestial landscape of gas, dust and young stars, have emerged. This is one of the most dramatic images ever created by the VLT. Deep in the heart of the southern Milky Way lies a stellar nursery called the Carina Nebula. It is about 7500 light-years from Earth in the...


Latest Very Large Telescope Reference Libraries

7_a202abfa2c4d560e759cbc1e39a671ec2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

7_6780e401a19a2a410cc76091e7c2309a5
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Adaptive Optics -- Adaptive optics is a technology to improve the performance of Earth-based telescopes, reversing the effect of atmospheric distortions. When light from a star or another astronomical object enters the Earth's atmosphere, the different temperature layers and different wind speeds distort and move the image in various ways (see seeing for a proper discussion). The net result is that an 8 meters or 10 meters telescope (like the VLT or Keck), while theoretically capable...

2_3e157e33e77e0b476c8d3e5f48b696f32
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

2_ba71a7acc79052838276f5ebe43de3842
2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

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Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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