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Latest Very Large Telescope Stories

Image 1 - VISTA Finds New Globular Star Clusters
2011-10-19 08:33:07

Sees right through the heart of the Milky Way [ Watch Video 1 ] | [ Watch Video 2 ] Two newly discovered globular clusters have been added to the total of just 158 known globular clusters in our Milky Way. They were found in new images from ESO´s VISTA survey telescope as part of the Via Lactea (VVV) survey. This survey has also turned up the first star cluster that is far beyond the center of the Milky Way and whose light has had to travel right through the dust and gas in the...

Image 1 - ESO: Full-size Mock-up Of World’s Largest Telescope Mirror
2011-10-17 08:51:37

[ Watch Video 1 ] | [ Watch Video 2 ] On Saturday 15 October, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) opened the doors of its headquarters in Garching bei München, Bavaria, Germany, to the public. Throughout the day, thousands of visitors had the chance to help build a full-size mock-up mirror of the largest planned telescope in the world – the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT) – and to experience many other aspects of ESO´s work. Around 3100...

Image 1 - ESO And Chile Sign Agreement On E-ELT
2011-10-14 04:38:38

[ Watch the Video ] At a ceremony Thursday in Santiago, Chile the Chilean Minister of Foreign Affairs, Alfredo Moreno and ESO´s Director General, Tim de Zeeuw, signed an agreement regarding the European Extremely Large Telescope. This agreement between ESO and the Chilean government includes the donation of land for the telescope, as well as a long-term concession to establish a protected area around it, and support from the Chilean government for the establishment of the E-ELT....

Image 1 - Cosmic Fog Clears In Distant Galaxies
2011-10-12 09:37:17

[ Watch the Video ] New VLT observations chart timeline of deionization Scientists have used ESO´s Very Large Telescope to probe the early Universe at several different times as it was becoming transparent to ultraviolet light. This brief but dramatic phase in cosmic history – known as deionization – occurred around 13 billion years ago. By carefully studying some of the most distant galaxies ever detected, the team has been able to establish a timeline for deionization...

New Funding For European Extremely Large Telescope
2011-10-03 08:21:28

The Science Technology and Facilities Council (STFC) confirmed that it will provide nearly $5.5 million (US) to UK scientists to develop key instruments for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT), which is slated to be the biggest optical and infrared telescope in the world. With funding in place, British astronomers will now be able to take a leading role in building the critical scientific instruments needed for the E-ELT, which will be constructed in Chile and should be complete...

Image 1 - Astronomers Discover The Fried Egg Nebula
2011-09-28 09:41:23

[ Watch the Video ] University of Manchester astronomers used the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT) to discover the Fried Egg Nebula. The newly discovered star has a diameter of about a thousand times bigger than the Sun and is about 13,000 light-years away from Earth.  It is the closest hypergiant found so far and shines about 500,000 times brighter than the Sun "This object was known to glow brightly in the infrared but, surprisingly, nobody had...

Image 1 - ESO Releases New Image Of The Lambda Centauri Nebula
2011-09-21 07:09:45

  [ View the Video ] A new image from the Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope reveals the Lambda Centauri Nebula, a cloud of glowing hydrogen and newborn stars in the constellation of Centaurus (The Centaur). The nebula, also known as IC 2944, is sometimes nicknamed the Running Chicken Nebula, from a bird-like shape some people see in its brightest region. In the nebula, which lies around 6500 light-years from Earth, hot newborn stars that formed from clouds of...

The Star That Should Not Exist
2011-08-31 13:14:09

  A team of European astronomers has used ESO´s Very Large Telescope (VLT) to track down a star in the Milky Way that many thought was impossible. They discovered that this star is composed almost entirely of hydrogen and helium, with only remarkably small amounts of other chemical elements in it. This intriguing composition places it in the “forbidden zone” of a widely accepted theory of star formation, meaning that it should never have come into existence in the...

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2011-08-24 20:36:27

  ESO´s Very Large Telescope has taken a striking image of a beautiful yet peculiar pair of galaxies nicknamed The Eyes. The larger of these, NGC 4438, was once a spiral galaxy but has become badly deformed by collisions with other galaxies in the last few hundred million years. This picture is the first to come out of ESO´s Cosmic Gems program, an initiative in which ESO has granted dedicated observing time for outreach purposes. The Eyes are about 50 million light-years...

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2011-08-18 07:25:00

Observations from ESO's Very Large Telescope have shed light on the power source of a rare vast cloud of glowing gas in the early Universe. The observations show for the first time that this giant "Lyman-alpha blob" "” one of the largest single objects known "” must be powered by galaxies embedded within it. The results appear in the 18 August issue of the journal Nature. A team of astronomers has used ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT) to study an unusual object called a...


Latest Very Large Telescope Reference Libraries

7_a202abfa2c4d560e759cbc1e39a671ec2
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Very Large Telescope -- The Very Large Telescope (VLT) consist of four optical telescopes that have 8.4 meter aperture. The VLT is a project of the European Southern Observatory organization. It is located at the Paranal Observatory on Cerro Paranal, a 2,635-m high mountain in the Atacama desert in northern Chile. The VLT consists of a cluster four of large telescopes, and an interferometer (VLTI) which will be used to resolve fine features. The telescopes have been named after the...

7_6780e401a19a2a410cc76091e7c2309a5
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Adaptive Optics -- Adaptive optics is a technology to improve the performance of Earth-based telescopes, reversing the effect of atmospheric distortions. When light from a star or another astronomical object enters the Earth's atmosphere, the different temperature layers and different wind speeds distort and move the image in various ways (see seeing for a proper discussion). The net result is that an 8 meters or 10 meters telescope (like the VLT or Keck), while theoretically capable...

2_3e157e33e77e0b476c8d3e5f48b696f32
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Overwhelmingly Large Telescope -- The European Southern Observatory has undertaken a concept study for the next generation of ground-based Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). Dubbed OWL, ESO's concept is conceived as a 100 m. diameter optical and near-infrared, adaptive telescope. With milliarc second resolution and limiting magnitude V~38, OWL will be capable of imaging solar system objects at resolutions comparable to that offered by space probes, over much longer time scales. It...

2_ba71a7acc79052838276f5ebe43de3842
2004-10-19 04:45:40

European Southern Observatory -- ESO, the European Southern Observatory, was created in 1962 to: "establish and operate an astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere, equipped with powerful instruments, with the aim of furthering and organising collaboration in astronomy". ESO is supported by Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Other countries have expressed interest to become a member as well. ESO...

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Word of the Day
holluschickie
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'
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