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Latest Vibrio Stories

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2010-02-12 13:16:13

In a new study, Dartmouth researchers describe the structure of a protein called ToxT that controls the virulent nature of Vibrio cholerae, the bacteria that causes cholera. Buried within ToxT, the researchers were surprised to find a fatty acid that appears to inhibit ToxT, which prevents the bacteria from causing cholera. Cholera, which causes acute diarrhea, can be life threatening, and, according to the World Health Organization, cholera remains a serious threat to global health. Doctors...

2009-11-13 13:17:00

SILVER SPRING, Md., Nov. 13 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Several weeks ago, the FDA announced its intent to change, by summer 2011, its policy regarding the post-harvest processing of raw Gulf Coast oysters harvested in the warmer months. The intent of this change in policy, which would affect about 25% of the total annual harvest, would be to substantially reduce the number of Americans who suffer severe and painful illness and death from the Vibrio vulnificus bacteria. The FDA's announced...

2009-11-09 16:17:00

Protections for Gulf Coast Shellfish Industry Would Increase Death Toll WASHINGTON, Nov. 9 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Center for Science in the Public Interest was joined today by victims, consumer advocacy, and public health organizations in urging Congress to support the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) efforts to protect consumers from contaminated oysters that each year cause scores of serious illnesses and deaths. The blood infection caused by Vibrio vulnificus bacteria in...

2009-11-04 13:23:52

River discharge and regional climate are keys Cholera, an acute diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, has reemerged as a global killer. Outbreaks typically occur once a year in Africa and Latin America. But in Bangladesh the epidemics occur twice a year "“ in the spring and again in the fall. Scientists have tried, without much success, to determine the cause of these unique dual outbreaks "“ and advance early detection and prevention efforts "“ by...

2009-06-30 10:45:16

It is based on detecting short, repetitive DNA segments in the genome of bacteria. Every single bacterial strain has such characteristic repeats. "With this method we are able to identify bacterial strains as well as clarify their genetic relationships. Furthermore, we can show how new pathogenic variants develop," says Manfred Höfle, researcher at the HZI. The results have now been published in the current issue of the scientific journal "Applied and Environmental Microbiology". The...

2009-03-16 18:53:23

U.S. researchers say they are developing a new generation of antibiotic compounds that do not provoke bacterial resistance. Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University say the compounds work against two notorious microbes -- Vibrio cholerae, which causes cholera, and E. coli 0157:H7, the food contaminant that causes approximately 110,000 illnesses and 50 deaths a year in the United States. Senior author Vern Schramm says antibiotics initially work extremely well,...

545c2779453af98ba55718f9a2c8d87a1
2009-01-20 11:41:19

Coral reefs around the world are in serious trouble from pollution, over-fishing, climate change and more. The last thing they need is an infection. But that's exactly what yellow band disease (YBD) is"”a bacterial infection that sickens coral colonies. Researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and colleagues have found that YBD seems to be getting worse with global warming and announced that they've identified the bacteria responsible for the disease. Just as a...

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2008-10-24 13:25:49

United Nations agencies said on Friday that a dangerous cholera epidemic is spreading quickly in Guinea-Bissau, where campaigning for an upcoming election could put even more people at risk. So far this year, some 12,225 people in the West African state have caught cholera and 201 have died, raising fears among aid workers that the water-borne disease could resurge on the devastating scale seen in 2005. More than 1,000 people were getting infected each month in Guinea-Bissau, with the capital...

2008-10-15 18:00:23

NEW ORLEANS, Oct. 15 /PRNewswire/ -- To The Editor: Recent deaths of consumers in Florida and Texas caused by bacterial infections in shellfish should remind people with certain pre-existing conditions of health risks associated with consuming raw shellfish, particularly during warm weather when waters in the Gulf of Mexico are especially susceptible to the growth of Vibrio vulnificus bacteria. Vibrio vulnificus is a naturally occurring bacteria completely unrelated to pollution....

07331337983b5aa6774a3eb482eb2731
2008-09-03 11:21:37

Scientists in the USA have established a way to predict outbreaks of cholera, making it easier to control. This finding could provide a model to predict and potentially control outbreaks of other important infectious diseases. Cholera is a serious, ancient water-borne infectious disease, which is an unpredictable and severe problem for developing countries. The bacterium that causes cholera, Vibrio cholerae, has a known association with a crustacean (called a copepod) which lives on...


Latest Vibrio Reference Libraries

0_cef863082995e6cb66fa4a692bf165a7
2011-04-28 16:37:36

Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative, motile, curved, rod-shaped bacteria of the Vibrio Genus. Hollis et al. first reported it in 1976. It was given the name Beneckea vulnifica by Reichelt et al. in 1976 and in 1979 Vibrio vulnificus by Farmer. V. vulnificus is related to V. cholerae and is present in marine environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas. It causes an infection often incurred after eating seafood, especially raw or undercooked oysters. It can...

72_f634c1b2916580c60814457a175ea810
2011-04-28 15:06:23

Vibrio cholerae is a gram negative comma-shaped bacterium with a polar flagellum that causes cholera in humans. V. cholerae belongs to the gamma subdivision of the Proteobacteria. Classical and El Tor are the two types of V. Cholerae identified by hemaggluttination testing. El Tor is found throughout the world, while the classical biotype is found only in Bangladesh. It was first isolated as the cause of cholera by Italian anatomist Filippo Pacini in 1854; however, this discovery was not...

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Word of the Day
glogg
  • Scandinavian punch made of claret and aquavit with spices and raisins and orange peel and sugar.
This word comes from the Swedish 'glogg,' which is an alteration of 'glodgat,' mulled (wine).
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