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Latest Vibrionales Stories

2009-06-30 10:45:16

It is based on detecting short, repetitive DNA segments in the genome of bacteria. Every single bacterial strain has such characteristic repeats. "With this method we are able to identify bacterial strains as well as clarify their genetic relationships. Furthermore, we can show how new pathogenic variants develop," says Manfred Höfle, researcher at the HZI. The results have now been published in the current issue of the scientific journal "Applied and Environmental Microbiology". The...

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2009-01-20 11:41:19

Coral reefs around the world are in serious trouble from pollution, over-fishing, climate change and more. The last thing they need is an infection. But that's exactly what yellow band disease (YBD) is"”a bacterial infection that sickens coral colonies. Researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and colleagues have found that YBD seems to be getting worse with global warming and announced that they've identified the bacteria responsible for the disease. Just as a...

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2008-10-24 13:25:49

United Nations agencies said on Friday that a dangerous cholera epidemic is spreading quickly in Guinea-Bissau, where campaigning for an upcoming election could put even more people at risk. So far this year, some 12,225 people in the West African state have caught cholera and 201 have died, raising fears among aid workers that the water-borne disease could resurge on the devastating scale seen in 2005. More than 1,000 people were getting infected each month in Guinea-Bissau, with the capital...

2008-10-15 18:00:23

NEW ORLEANS, Oct. 15 /PRNewswire/ -- To The Editor: Recent deaths of consumers in Florida and Texas caused by bacterial infections in shellfish should remind people with certain pre-existing conditions of health risks associated with consuming raw shellfish, particularly during warm weather when waters in the Gulf of Mexico are especially susceptible to the growth of Vibrio vulnificus bacteria. Vibrio vulnificus is a naturally occurring bacteria completely unrelated to pollution....

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2008-09-03 11:21:37

Scientists in the USA have established a way to predict outbreaks of cholera, making it easier to control. This finding could provide a model to predict and potentially control outbreaks of other important infectious diseases. Cholera is a serious, ancient water-borne infectious disease, which is an unpredictable and severe problem for developing countries. The bacterium that causes cholera, Vibrio cholerae, has a known association with a crustacean (called a copepod) which lives on...

2006-08-11 16:24:48

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. health officials added a warning about clams on Friday to their caution against eating raw oysters from the Pacific Northwest following more reports of stomach sickness caused by bacteria from the shellfish. Seventy-two illnesses linked to contaminated oysters and clams were reported from May 20 through July 31, the Food and Drug Administration said. Another 105 probable cases were recorded during the same time period. The illnesses were reported in...

2006-07-31 14:09:58

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Consumers should avoid eating raw oysters harvested from the Pacific Northwest, U.S. health officials warned on Monday after reports of stomach illnesses linked to bacterial contamination. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said a growing number of people, mostly in Washington state, have reported getting sick after eating oysters tainted with the Vibrio parahaemolyticus bacterium. More than 70 people in Washington have been infected, according to the...

2006-07-31 14:26:07

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Consumers should avoid eating raw oysters harvested from the Pacific Northwest, U.S. health officials warned on Monday after reports of stomach illnesses linked to bacterial contamination. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said a growing number of people, mostly in Washington state, have reported getting sick after eating oysters tainted with the Vibrio parahaemolyticus bacterium. More than 70 people in Washington have been infected, according to the...

2005-10-05 17:24:37

By Gene Emery BOSTON (Reuters) - Warming ocean waters may have tainted Alaskan oysters with a bacteria that triggered four outbreaks of illness on a cruise ship among people who ate the shellfish raw, researchers reported on Wednesday. "The rising temperatures of ocean water seem to have contributed to one of the largest known outbreaks of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the United States," said Joseph McLaughlin of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, referring to the...

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2005-09-17 10:10:00

NEW ORLEANS -- The most outrageous rumor was the report about two dogs poisoned by the toxic floodwaters that filled many New Orleans neighborhoods. At the start of the flooding, as the waters of already less-than-pristine Lake Pontchartrain poured through collapsed levees into low-lying areas, health experts and environmentalists feared the flood would break open chemical tanks, barrels of oil, and solvents. They worried that sitting floodwaters could dissolve the contents of buried...


Latest Vibrionales Reference Libraries

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2011-04-28 16:37:36

Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative, motile, curved, rod-shaped bacteria of the Vibrio Genus. Hollis et al. first reported it in 1976. It was given the name Beneckea vulnifica by Reichelt et al. in 1976 and in 1979 Vibrio vulnificus by Farmer. V. vulnificus is related to V. cholerae and is present in marine environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas. It causes an infection often incurred after eating seafood, especially raw or undercooked oysters. It can...

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2011-04-28 15:17:59

Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a curved, rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium found in brackish saltwater, which, when ingested, causes gastrointestinal illness in humans. V. parahaemolyticus is oxidase positive, facultatively aerobic, and does not form spores. This species is motile, with a single, polar flagellum. Ingestion of raw or undercooked seafood is the most common cause of the acute gastroenteritis caused by V. parahaemolyticus. Infection can also occur from fecal-oral route as well...

72_f634c1b2916580c60814457a175ea810
2011-04-28 15:06:23

Vibrio cholerae is a gram negative comma-shaped bacterium with a polar flagellum that causes cholera in humans. V. cholerae belongs to the gamma subdivision of the Proteobacteria. Classical and El Tor are the two types of V. Cholerae identified by hemaggluttination testing. El Tor is found throughout the world, while the classical biotype is found only in Bangladesh. It was first isolated as the cause of cholera by Italian anatomist Filippo Pacini in 1854; however, this discovery was not...

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Word of the Day
omphalos
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.
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