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Latest Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute Stories

Neurofeedback Can Enhance The Brain's Signal-to-noise Ratio
2013-09-23 04:58:51

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As a needle sweeps across the grooves of a worn vinyl record, it carries the distinct sounds of hisses, scratches and even the echo of skips. For many years, however, if someone yearned to hear Frank Sinatra sing "Fly Me to the Moon," they were able to listen to his crooning baritone with technical clarity, courtesy of the increased signal-to-noise ratio of digital re-masterings. Recent advances in neurofeedback techniques have made...

Discovery Could Have A Bearing On Medical Imaging, Cancer Treatment
2013-09-16 08:14:11

Virginia Tech Researchers at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have reported the first experimental evidence that supports the theory that a soccer ball-shaped nanoparticle commonly called a buckyball is the result of a breakdown of larger structures rather than being built atom-by-atom from the ground up. Technically known as fullerenes, these spherical carbon molecules have shown great promise for uses in medicine, solar energy, and optoelectronics. But finding...

2013-04-25 16:18:22

The macroscopic effects of certain nanoparticles on human health have long been clear to the naked eye. What scientists have lacked is the ability to see the detailed movements of individual particles that give rise to those effects. In a recently published study, scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute invented a technique for imaging nanoparticle dynamics with atomic resolution as these dynamics occur in a liquid environment. The results will allow, for the first...

2012-05-18 02:14:41

The baseline level of distrust is distinct and separable from our inborn lie detector Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on my parahippocampal gyrus. Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have found that suspicion resides in two distinct regions of the brain: the amygdala, which plays a central role in processing fear and emotional memories, and the parahippocampal gyrus, which is associated with declarative memory and the recognition of scenes....

2012-02-01 20:52:49

Affinity capture devices provide a platform for viewing cancer cells and other macromolecules in dynamic, life-sustaining liquid environments A photograph of a polar bear in captivity, no matter how sharp the resolution, can never reveal as much about behavior as footage of that polar bear in its natural habitat. The behavior of cells and molecules can prove even more elusive. Limitations in biomedical imaging technologies have hampered attempts to understand cellular and molecular...

2012-01-23 13:16:49

In the classic film "12 Angry Men," Henry Fonda's character sways a jury with his quiet, persistent intelligence. But would he have succeeded if he had allowed himself to fall sway to the social dynamics of that jury? Research led by scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute found that small-group dynamics -- such as jury deliberations, collective bargaining sessions, and cocktail parties -- can alter the expression of IQ in some susceptible people. "You may joke about...

2011-04-19 22:52:36

Jamie Tyler, assistant professor in the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and the Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, has been invited to speak at a Royal Society of London high level workshop on May 11-12 on the security implications of advances in neuroscience. The workshop is part of a four-part policy study on neuroscience and society called Brain Waves. This third module, entitled Neuroscience, conflict and security...

2011-01-28 00:13:29

Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute faculty member leads study resulting in new insight on rehabilitating brain function in addicts People with addictions to stimulants tend to choose instant gratification or a smaller but sooner reward over a future benefit, even if the future reward is greater. Reduced value of a future reward, called "delay discounting" by neuroscientists, is the major challenge for treatment of addiction. A new study in the February 2011 (Vol. 69, Issue 3)...


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